Unit 8: Kinetic Molecular Theory, Reaction Rates, and Chemical Equilibrium

Essential Questions:
  1. What are the components of Kinetic Molecular Theory (KMT)?
  2. How does KMT describe matter in terms of motion of atoms/molecules in solids, liquids, gases, and plasma?
  3. What are the physical properties of the phases of matter in relation to the KMT?
  4. What are the 4 measurable quantities which describe a gas and how are they related to the gas laws and KMT?
  5. What is the relationship between intermolecular forces and the physical states of molecular compounds in relation to KMT?
  6. How is data collected during a change in state/phase?
  7. explain a heat curve and the information that it conveys.
  8. How is a calorimeter used to describe the amount of heat absorbed or released during a chemical or physical process?
  9. how do changes in concentration, temperature, pressure, and volume of a container affect chemical reaction rates and changes of state of a substance in a closed system?
  10. What is chemical equilibrium and the relationship of chemical equilibrium to Le Chatelier's principle?
GPS:  SC2. f, SC6, SC6. a-c

Vocabulary:
  1. kinetic molecular theory
  2. elastic collision
  3. temperature
  4. diffusion
  5. Gram’s law of effusion
  6. pressure
  7. barometer
  8. Pascal
  9. atmosphere (atm)
  10. Dalton’s law of partial pressure
  11. surface tension
  12. surfactant
  13. calorimeter
  14. viscosity
  15. crystalline solid
  16. unit cell
  17. allotrope
  18. amorphous solid
  19. Boyle’s law
  20. absolute zero
  21. Charles’s law
  22. Gay-Lussac’s law
  23. combined gas law
  24. ideal gas law
  25. ideal gas constant
  26. vaporization
  27. condensation
  28. sublimation
  29. deposition
  30. melting
  31. freezing
  32. enthalpy (heat) of reaction
  33. enthalpy (heat) of fusion
  34. enthalpy (heat) of vaporization
Required reading is chapters 12 and 13

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