The Process Mer Du Coree become Broughton Bay, TongJoseonMan today.

Briefly intrudoction of the changing process what was Mer Du Coree, today's Brougton Bay (TongjoseonMan東朝鮮湾)and how "Sea of Japan" has spread around the grobe.

From 17th Century and 18th century, on some maps they wrote those names Sea of Japan in the center or Japan side of coastal area and Sea of Corea nearby eastern coast of Korean Peinnsula.

After La Perouse confirmed Sea of Japan and Strait of Korea which devides East China Sea and Sea of Japan and WB Broughton navigated around East Coast of Corea, Mer Du Coree was started to describe today's Broughton Bay, TongJoseonMan(East Korean Gulf)

Just check it briefly the process how Broughton bay had been concreted on the charts. So it is proper that Korean should rename Tongjoseonman(East Korean gulf) into Tonghae(Broughton bay).   It is no need to change the name of Sea of Japan.


1602. 坤輿万国全図-Oldest map discribes Sea of Japan has published by Mateo Ricci

1730-1770 c.a There are the Map discribes both Sea of Japan and Korean sea at the location of Sea of Japan. Koraen sea is newly recognized from the influenced by Danville's Map, referenced from Chinese map .

But , the name of Korean sea is not established difiniation ., one discribes at Broughton bay, one at just a east coast of Korean peninsula, one at sea of Japan,

1784. La Perouse's discovery navigation promotes Mer Du Japon at the the Sea of Japan area today, and promotes Detroit de Coree at the Korea strait today. at the same time, Mer de Coree also spread at the Broughton Bay, today's East Korean gulf.

1824. Krusestern's "Pacific sea chart Collection" spread "Sea of Japan" more. he dinied Korean Sea is not the area of Sea of Japan and he recognized Korean sea is just a part of east coastal area of Korean peninsula. Also Mer du Coree has discribes Brougton bay or Brouhghton Gulf around this era.

1850-60 These maps around this era, Maps has updated to published ,referenced from Krusestern's information. also The map by Matthew Perry, squardon of U.S navy to Japan, his map also discribes "Sea of Japan.

Also, U.K Hydro office's publication, e.g. China pilot and China sea dictionary discribes Sea of Japan and it is spread around the grobe. Also, Mer du Koree is spread, established recognization of Broughton bay ,Gulf of Korea.

So, that is to say, It is completely distorted claims by Korean from 1990's that the name of "Sea of Japan" is colonial and expansionism name and heritages. Those distorted Korean theory is just a political-oriented negative campaign toward Japan for money.


So, Let's gotta check various maps by yourself" especially the name of Sea of Japan, Broughton bay and Korea strait!




1646. ASIA CARTA DI CIASETE PIU MODERNA by R.Dudley

East coastal area of Korean peninsula discribed as Mer de corai
Sea of Japan area discribes as Oceano Boriane Del Gappone



1738.Isaac Tirion: Nouvelle carte de l'Empire de la Chine.

East coast of Korean Peninsula:Mer Du Coree
Between Busan and Tsushima islet:Detroit de Coree
Between Japan's Honsyu and Tartary :Mer Septntrionale du Japon


Around 1730's ,when Royaulme de Coree by D'anvillehad published, Mer de Coree name had temporary increasing.


One of the example:1749. Le Japon, by G.Robert de Vaugondy , 1749

East coast of Korean Peninsula, Mer De Coree

Upper1750. .L'Empire du Japon. Robert de Vaugondy, Gilles, 1688-1766 ; Robert de Vaugondy, Didier, 1723-1786, 1750

Lower::1776-84.L'Empire Du Japon Divise En Sept Principales Parties

East coast part of Korean peninsula discribes Mer De Coree.
Sea of Japan parts discribes Mer De Japon.


17841792Carte De L'Empire De La Chine Tardieu Paris 1832

Around Broughton bay part, it discribes Mer De Coree.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts discribes Strait of Coree.
Sea of Japan parts discribes Mer Du Japon.



1787.Mers, Chine, Tartarie. 2. by La Perouse, Jean-Francois de Galaup, comte de, 1741-1788 from 1797Around Broughton bay part, it discribes nothing.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts discribes Korea strait.
Sea of Japan parts discribes Sea of Japan.



After the La Perouse's discovery navigation around Sea of Japan, The name of Korea strait is abruptly increasing, and Sea of Japan become more and more Majority.

1790.Allowsmith Chart of the world on Mercator's projection, exhibiting all the new discoveries to the present time: with the tracks of the most distinguished navigators since the year 1700, carefully collected from the best charts, maps, voyages, &c extant. And regulate

Around Broughton bay part, it discribes Gulf Of Korea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts discribes Strait of Korea.
Sea of Japan parts discribes nothing.



1803.Edme Mentelle. Pierre-Gregoire Chanlaire Carte de l'Empire de la Chine.Paris,
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Mer De Coree.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts  describes Strait of Coree.
Sea of Japan parts  describes Mer Du Japon.



After the discovery navigation by Krusenstern, North East part of Korean peninsula parts has been discribed as Broughton Bay. Bronghton Bay is increasing instead of Mer de Coree.

1826.Karta poluostrova Koreia. (Map of Korea by Krusenstern)
Around Broughton bay part, it  describes залива Bpoyroha(Brougton Gulf).
Between Busan and Tsushima parts  describes пролив Корейский(Korea Strait)
Sea of Japan part: nothing especially








On the other hand , Wide map incruding Japan,China, Korea he discribes;
Around Broughton bay part, it  describes залива Bpoyroha(Brougton Gulf)
Sea of Japan parts  describes море Японское (Sea of Japan)



1833 Das Chinesische reich mit seizen schutzstaaten nebst dem Japanischen Iselreiche Justus Perthes 1833

1843. Carte von China und Japan den Manen d’Anville’s und Klapproth’s. Posrdam
Around Broughton bay part, it  describes Bay von broughton.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts  describes Korea strait.
Sea of Japan parts describes Japanech Meer

1840. Sebold "Japan" 19 -20 Map of Chosun(Korea) by Japan's records.
Korean map describes Broughton bay in the location of Broughotn bay.

1832.日本辺界略図 シーボルト『日本』収録 (1809.P42 第一分冊 幕府天文方 高橋景保1809)


1854.『日本界国へ向けての蘭・露の努力』日本辺海略図  Sebold at Bonn
Around Broughton bay part, it describes nothing especially..
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Channel of Korai.
Sea of Japan parts describes Japanische sea.


1843. China. Arrowsmith, John, 1844

1843Copperplate engraving from the National Atlas of Geography published 1843 by Alexander Keith Johnston (1804 - 1871): Map of China with an inset of Canton

1844.William Johnston; Alexander Keith Johnston: China

1849. An outline chart, for the purpose of marking off the track of a ship. Blachford & Imray. London.

1850. China and Japan,Milner's Descriptive Atlas, 1850

1851TALLIS, John.Japan & Corea London, John Tallis & Co., 1851. 265 c 330.

1851. J. Rapkin: Japan and Corea.
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Broughton Bay.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Strait of Korea.
Sea of Japan parts describes Sea of Japan.

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1855.-2 :JAPAN NIPON,KIUSIU & SIKOK and the part of KOREA
ACCORDING TO KRUSENSTERN'S CHART OF 1827 (U.K hydrographic office chart)
Around Broughton bay part, it discribes Broughton Bay.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts discribes Strait of Korea・Korean channel.
Sea of Japan :Titie description: Sea of Japan.



Around 1850-60, Broughton Bay,Gulf Of Corea was established, before it is discribes only "Broughton Bay" or Mer de Coree" It seems the effect by the Mattew Perry Map and U.K Hydro office's China pilot and China Sea dictionary. Ofcourse "Sea of Japan" had already been recognized as estalbished name



1856. 1Map of Japan and surroundings Mattew Perry

Around Broughton bay part, it  describes Broughton Bay Gulf of Corea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts  describes Strait of Korea・Korean channel.
Sea of Japan parts describes Sea of Japan.


1860. China and Japan Johnston Edinburgh / 1861 

1861. China, Japan. by Johnston, Alexander Keith, 1804-1871 from 1861
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Broughton Bay Gulf of Korea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Channel of Korea.
Sea of Japan parts describes Sea of Japan.



1863-2U.K hydro office:JAPAN NIPON,KIUSIU & SIKOK and the part of KOREA

Around Broughton bay part: it describes Broughton Bay Gulf of Korea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Channel of Korea.
Sea of Japan parts describes nothing.



1864. J.Bartholomew Japan Manchuria, Chishima. Edinburgh, [1864]
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Gulf of Corea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korea Strait
Sea of Japan parts describes Sea of Japan



1865.Adrien-Hubert Brue Carte general de l'Empire Chinois et du Japon
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Mer De Coree..
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Detroit de Coree.
Sea of Japan parts describes Mer DU Japon.



1870.August Petermann.China(Ostr. Theil).Korea und Japan.
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Broughton B.Gulf v Korea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts discribes Korea Strass.
Sea of Japan parts discribes Japanisches Meer.



1873 U.K Hydrographic Office:
Preliminary Chart of Japan: Nipon, Kiusiu, and Sikok and part of the Korea
Around Broughton bay part, it describes B.Broughton or .Gulf of Korea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korea Strait.
Sea of Japan parts nothing describeds especially.



1874. J. Migeon Chine et Coree.
Around Broughton bay part, it describes B.Broughton or .G de Coree.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korea Strasse.
Sea of Japan parts describes as Mer Du Japon.



1875.China (Ostl. Theil), Korea Und Japan. by Stieler, Adolf from 1875

Around Broughton bay part, it describes Broughton B oder Gulf of Korea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korean Strasse, Broughotn Strasse.
Sea of Japan parts discribed as Japanisches Meer.



1880 Map of Japan from Adolf Stieler's Hand Atlas 7th Edition
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Broughton B.Gulf v Korea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korean Strasse.
Sea of Japan parts described as Japanisches Meer.



1880.Map of Japan Notes and Sketches from the Wild Coasts of Nipon

Around Broughton bay part, it describes Korean Gulf.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korean Strasse.
Sea of Japan parts describes as Japan Sea.



1888 bartholomew map British map of Japan and Corea
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Broughton B or G of Borea(mispelled fromCorea?).
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Corea Strait.
Sea of Japan parts describes as Sea of Japan.



1888 bartholomew map British map of Japan and Corea
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Broughton Bay or Gulf of Korea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korea Strait.
Sea of Japan parts described as Japan Sea.



1894 (1897) German map of Japan and Korea
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Broughton Bai or Gulf v Korea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korea STR.
Sea of Japan parts described as Japanische Meer



1897.Bacon’s Popular atlas of the world map; Japan
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Broughton Bay or Gulf of Korea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korean strait.
Sea of Japan parts described as Japan Sea.



1898.Bangkokzenzu(Japan)
Around Broughton bay part, it describes ブルートン朝鮮海'Broughton/Chosun Sea).
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korean strait.
Sea of Japan parts described as Japan Sea.



1899 Map of Japan from the Cram Atlas (USA)
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Korean Gulf.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korean strait.
Sea of Japan parts describes as Sea of Japan.



1900.The Times Map: Map of China(East) and Korea
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Broughton Bay .
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korean strait.
Sea of Japan parts describes as Sea of Japan



1904 Hammond map of Japan, Korea & Manchuria
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Broughton Bay or Gulf of Korea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korean strait.
Sea of Japan parts describes as Japan Sea.



1904..Russo-Japanese War District Cram, George F Chicago George F. Cram, 1904.
Around Broughton bay part, it describes Broughton Bay or Gulf of Korea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korean strait.
Sea of Japan parts describes as Sea of Japan.



1904.Korea, Lower Manchuria, with Adjacent Portions of China, Japan and Siberia, and the International Neutral Zones...

Around Broughton bay part, it describes Broughton Bay or Gulf of Korea.
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Korea strait.
Sea of Japan parts describes as Sea of Japan日本海.



1907.韓国総攬 韓国全図(Full Map of Korea)
Around Broughton bay part, it describes East Chosun Gulf/East Korean Gulf東朝鮮湾
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes Strait of Korea朝鮮海峡.
Sea of Japan parts describes as Sea of Japan日本海



1910.c.a. Map of Corea
Around Broughton bay part, it describes .
Between Busan and Tsushima parts describes  .
Sea of Japan parts describes as



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