Value Adding (VA) & Non-Value-Adding (NVA)

These are defined in detail elsewhere in this site. Click Here to Read

How to identify Waste?

With respect to lean Waste is usually considered of 7 types.  It very often is also equated to MUDA (a word in Japanese supposed to have the meaning as Waste).

In our terminology we would like to state it with little difference. 

With respect to Lean and waste associated with any business must consider the following

It would include all the three Japanese terms







Typically explained to be of 7 types Waste or uselessness, viz.,





Overproduction – producing more than, faster than or sooner than is required





Waiting – idle time that could be used productively





Transporting – unnecessary transport of parts or materials





Inappropriate processing – operations that add no value from the customer’s perspective





Unnecessary inventory – exceeding one-piece flow





Unnecessary/excess motion – any movement by people or equipment that does not add value





Defects – rework, repair or waste in its simplest form







What should flow:









Material in a factory;









Document in an office;









Guest in a hotel;










Is it stopping?..........Muda!










Is it re-tracking?.......Muda!










Is it piling up?...... ...Muda!










Reprocessing?...... ...Muda!







(Japanese term to express variation or variability - typically in any process with respect to Lean) - Unevenness, inconsistency or abundance of variation 







Look for:









Where it is different?









When it is different?









Extent of difference.







Kaizen the Situation:   Even a copy improvement is better than the original (status-quo)!







(Another Japanese term stands for strain) - Overburden, unreasonable
Please CONTACT US or e-mail to us for any requirement for training or Implementation of '5S'; Kaizen; TEI; Lean; Lean Supply Chain etc.