Spring 2010 Schedule

Each of the following dates (January 4-February 5) represents a 2 hour meeting period on Monday-Friday consisting of 1 hour of discussion and 1 hour of practice applying research methods. On Saturdays the time period will be longer for the application of research methods since the assigned “mission” will be a practical assignment leading to a short written paper requiring analysis of the data collected that day. The paper will need to be written and submitted on that same Saturday. It is expected that each Saturday will take about 5-6 hours of work depending on efficiency. There is much reading to be done although many of the articles are brief. A core set of methodological readings are provided initially to read in advance. These will be reviewed as the course progresses since the content of these readings will be applied multiple times.

The final week of the course (February 8-11) is an open-format period wherein the time is not structured and you will be free to work on an independent ethnobotanical project of your own design. During the first five weeks the design of this project will be formulated and the assignments of the course will guide you in development of the needed skills to complete the work in the final week. The final project will be due on the last day of the course and will serve as a summary of the methods learned in the course.


Topics and Research Methods

Readings, Discussions and Ethical Issues [Assignments]

January [3]

Prior to course

The course includes three basic elements that are blended: 1) professional portfolio development, 2) ethnobiology scientific research methods, and 3) investigation of science ethics as an issue in addressed within ethnobotany.

Students have been provided instructions on-line for completing most portfolio elements before the course begins and usually completed these with minimal in-class instruction.

Background readings assigned over e-mail and to be referenced when problems emerge

Read:  Alexiades 1996; Browner et al. 1988; McClatchey 2006; McClatchey et al. 2008; Phillips 1996; Prance et al. 2007; Salick, et al. 2003; Spradley 1980; Womersley 1976

January 4

Course Introduction

Why have a professional portfolio?

Completing the course portfolio.

Watch/Discuss: Wales 2005.

Discuss: Andrade 2008:1-23

[Submit core Portfolio Elements: Website & CV by end of first week (1/9)]

January 5

Ethics and Dilemmas

Asking scientific questions and forming hypotheses

Read aloud/Discuss: Leopold 1949:6-18

Discuss: Platt 1964 and concepts of hypothesis testing

Discuss concepts of “ethics” and using ethical analysis methods

January 6

Ethnographic methods 1&2

Exercise: Plants I know 

Watch/Discuss: Pollan 2008

Review: Womersley 1976

Discuss: Orians & Groom 2006; Meffe et al. 2006

January 7

Ethnographic methods 3&4

Transported Landscapes: Make a landscape

Read aloud/Discuss: Leopold 1949:72-77

Review: Alexiades 1996; McClatchey 2006

Discuss: Sauer 1952:1-18

January 8

Ethnographic methods 5&6

Watch/Discuss: Benkler 2008

Discuss: Sauer 1952:19-39Sauer 1952:40-61

January 9

Mission 1: Mapping Biocultural Diversity Patchiness

Discuss: Edward-Jones 2006; Calicott 2006

January 11


Voucher Specimens
Working with Plants Exercise: Herbarium

Watch/Discuss: Rosling 2006

Discuss: Andrade 2008:25-67

January 12


Localization of global plants
Exercise: Stereotype plants

Submit: Research Hypotheses

Read aloud/Discuss: Leopold 1949:77-82
Discuss: Davis & Wagner 2004

January 13


Participant Observation

Watch/Discuss: Rosling 2007

Discuss: Andrade 2008:69-85

January 14


Human Subjects
Exercise: Questionnaire

Read aloud/Discuss: Leopold 1949:137-141

Discuss: Cunningham 1996

January 15


Exercise: Human subjects Submit: Questionnaire 

Watch/Discuss: Shirky 2008

Review: Spradley 1980

January 16


Mission 2: Creatively Visualizing Space and Time for Transference of Meaning

Discuss: Parmesan & Matthews 2006; Turner 2009

January 18


Human Activity Study

Read aloud/Discuss: Leopold 1949:47-54

Discuss: Andrade 2008:87-101

January 19


Folk Taxonomy
Traditional Botanical Knowledge Exercise: Taxonomy

Watch/Discuss: Gladwell 2006

Discuss: Berlin 1992:3-51Dupre 1999

January 20


Home Garden Survey Submit: Informed Consent Form

Read aloud/Discuss: Leopold 1949:164-168

Review: McClatchey et al. 2008

January 21


Markets: Consensus Analyses
Exercise: Market or garden

Watch/Discuss: Mark Bittman

Discuss: Nguyen 2005; Wester & Chuensanguansat 1994; Wester & Yongvanit 1995

January 22


Similarity Analyses

Read aloud/Discuss: Leopold 1949:83-91

Review: Phillips 1996

Discuss: Reyes-Garcia et al. 2009

January 23


Mission 3: Local Knowledge of Landscape Diversity

Discuss: Brosi et al. 2007; Turner et al. 2003

January 25


Demo: Google Earth Overlays

Watch/Discuss: Eglash 2007

Discuss: Andrade 2008:103-121

January 26


Diet Inventory

Read aloud/Discuss: Leopold 1949:211-222

Watch/Discuss: Baclayon 2007

January 27


Fungi in Society
Exercise: Diet inventory

Watch/Discuss: Stamets 2008

Discuss: Sithole et al. 2002

January 28


Read: Dr.Peter Toxidromes

Cross-Cultural Toxidromes
Exercise: Ethnopharmacology Submit: Voucher specimens

Read aloud/Discuss: Leopold 1949:280-295

Discuss: Cunningham 2001; Zent 2001

January 29


Psychoactive Plants

Discuss: Digital Posters

Watch/Discuss: Davis 2008

Review: Browner et al. 1988

Discuss: O'Fallon & Dearry 2002; Stepp & Thomas 2005

January 30


Mission 4: Biodiversity of Anthropogenic Landscapes: Markets & Gardens

Discuss: Groom 2006; Wonham 2006

February 1


Plant, Religion and Globalization
Holiday Plants
Religion and Ethics

Watch/Discuss: Borges 2007

Discuss: Andrade 2008:123-144

February 2


Biological and Cultural Diversity

Read aloud/Discuss: Leopold 1949:264-279

Discuss: Christie 2008 [www.cdu.edu.au/ik]

February 3


Exercise: Diversity

Submit: Digital Poster

Watch/Discuss: Gore 2008

Discuss: Veeman & Luckert 2002

February 4


Ethnobotany and Resilience Exercise: Mapping

Read aloud/Discuss: Leopold 1949:237-264

Discuss: Winter & McClatchey 2008; Winter & McClatchey 2009

February 5


Spatial Scales & Mapping
Submit: Research Methods

Watch/Discuss: Carter 2006

Review: Prance et al. 2007

Discuss: Colchester 2004; MacKay & Caruso 2004; Mead 2004; Posey 1990

February 6


Mission 5: Seeing Local Environments as Partners in Community-Sufficiency

Discuss: Brosnan & Groom 2006; Possingham et al. 2006; Ronald & Groom 2006

February 8-11 Mon-Thurs

Work on individual research projects

Additional Background References: Crawley 1997; McGregor 2007; Mueller-Dombois et al. 2008; Ziegler 2002

February 12


Presentation of Final Project

Final Examination