Research Methods and Procedures

The Society maintains a collection of research instruments and research protocols that are frequently used in empirical studies of literature. Because some of these materials are copyrighted, access in some cases is restricted to members of specific research coalitions. An overview of these materials is provided below. Please navigate to the specific research coalition web pages for more details.

Research Bibliography

The Society maintains a Cumulative (Zotero) Bibliography dedicated to empirical studies of literature (and a few closely related topics).

Prosodic and Phonological Effects in Literary Texts

  • Computer Analysis of Metrical Structure
    • Metricalizer (Bobenhausen & Hammerich, 2015)
  • Manual and Automated Data Analyses


Constructing Inferences (Situation Models)

  • Epistemology Measures
    • Literature Epistemic Cognition Scale (LECS; Yukhymenko-Lescroart et al., 2016)
    • Reader Beliefs Inventory (RBI; Schraw & Bruning, 1996)
  • Assessing Inferences
    • Taxonomy of inference categories generated during literary comprehension (Magilano, Baggett, & Graesser, 1996)
    • Identifying types of literary inferences in open-ended responses (McCarthy & Goldman, 2015)


Narrative Fiction and Social Cognition

  • Author (Genre) Familiarity Scales
    • Author Recognition Test (Genres) (ART–G) (Mar & Rain, 2015)
  • Theory of Mind (Empathy) Measures
    • Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (Revised) (RMET-R) (Baron-Cohen, Wheelwright, & Hill, 2001)


Character Engagement (e.g., Identification) and Social Cognition

  • Character Identification Scales
    • Cohen Identification Scale (Revised) (Cohen, 2001)
    • Identification with the Character Scale (Igartua & Barrios (2012).


Literary Reading and Mental Well-Being

  • Mood Scales
    • Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988)
  • Qualitative Methods
    • Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (Smith, Flowers, & Larkin, 2009)