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TNA SP 106/1-3, Ciphers from the reign of Queen Elizabeth I

The National Archives Catalogue entry:


SP 106/1–3 Secretaries of State: State Papers Foreign, Ciphers. A to L (part 1); M to W (part 2); Names unknown (part 3)

Scope and Content Mainly alphanumeric cipher code tables and keys to ciphers, both in manuscript and printed forms. The series includes some explanatory notes which appear to have been compiled when the series was created in the nineteenth century, including 'indexes' to certain letters which list the names of the sender (where known), the place from whence it was sent, and the date of dispatch.

Covering dates temp Eliz I

Note Bound up by 1862 when stamped as belonging to the Public Record Office


Index of SP 106/1-3: SP 106/1, ff. 1-7 (inserted)

Transcribed by Samuli Kaislaniemi.

Cite as: "Index to Ciphers from the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (TNA SP 106/1/1-7). Transcribed by Samuli Kaislaniemi, 2010. https://sites.google.com/site/klaispublications/home/tna-transcriptions/sp106-1-3_index".

 The transcription, code, pdf and digital images of the index on this site are made available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 3.0 License

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Description of Index:

The index is on c. 10 folios (some empty) at the beginning of the volume. It was probably created when the volume was bound in 1862.

The index is in the hand of one or two individuals, in 19th-century ink and pencil: there are many corrections, most of which are later additions to the first layer of the index.

Editorial comments:

This transcription is meant to be a rough addition to the TNA catalogue. As such, the transcription below does not try to be a diplomatic one, and the following editorial choices have been made:

  1. The layout has been normalised, both extralineally (across the page) and intralineally (between words). Line division is retained but normalised.
  2. Original spelling is retained, except for the transcription of long "s" as lower case "s". Superscripts are retained. Deletions are marked.
  3. Original punctuation is retained with some normalisation: underscores/ellipsis regularized to "…"; curly brackets "}" set to standard sizes; dash lengths have been regularised.
  4. Changes in ink/pencil or hand have not been marked in the transcription.

Folio/page change markers are editorial, and marked in bold in brackets: [fol. x, page y/z ]. Uncertain readings are underlined; undecipherable characters marked as "#".
Insertions on versos have been reproduced in the leftmost column in this transcription, as they invariably comment on their facing rectos.

Note on the index:

The contents of this index have not been cross-checked with the contents of SP 106/1-3, but the reference numbers seem to be correct. Please note that they give no indication of document length.

The "Reference" numbers refer to the item numbers within SP 106 vols. 1-3. Volume numbers are not here indicated, but the TNA catalogue says vol. 1 contains ciphers for individuals whose surnames being with the letters A–L, vol. 2 M–W, and vol. 3 "names unknown". Note that the item numbers are not the same as current foliation. For instance, the ciphers for Sir Thomas Smith in 1562 are given the Reference numbers 115 & 116: the ciphers are found in vol. 2, ff. 95 & 96–97.

The index as a pdf:

You can download a copy of this page 

as a pdf here.




[folio 1r, page 1/7]

1
N.B. The ciphers of which
the names are not known
will be found at the end
of this List. —
}  
Ciphers,  
 
of the time of Queen Elizabeth.
 
  By whom used where when Reference
Madre M. a. cipher to Queen Mother Portugal 1550 1
#### &Cecil
"Almayns, The" ...   Antwerp 1563 1 A
#### 1560
Argentine, M. ...   France
Low Countries

1578
1AB
Asheley, Mr. ...     2
Aston, Mr. ...   Scotland 1599 2A
Barton, Mr. ...   Constantinople   3. 4. 4A 4AA
Beauvoir, Monsr. de ...     4A2
Biondi, M. ...   Italy   4B
Bodley, Mr. ...   Holland 1588 5
    1590 6
Bolton, Francis, ...   Spain   6A
Bothwell, Earl of, ...   Scotland   7
Bouillon, Duke of, ...   France   8
Bowes, Mr. ...   Scotland { 1583 }
{ 1592 }
9
9A & 9B & 9C
Breame, Herrick ...   Brussells . 10
Briskett, Mr. ...   Ireland . 11
Brokeman, Mr. ...   Spain 1600 12. 13.
Buckhurst, Lord, ...   Holland 1587 5
Carleton, Dudley ...   { Germany
{ France
1602/3 13A.
13B. 13######
         

[folios 1v-2r, page 2/7]

 
Cyphers. 2
  By whom used where when Reference
Casalis, Sir Gregory ...   Rome Hen VIII. 13A.A
Cecil to Throckmorton see Octr 12 - 1559.   Cecill, Sir Robert ...   Ostend 1588 14. 15.

Chamberlain
vide Montague

Cecill, Sir William ...   Scotland 1560 16. 17.
Chartres, Vidame of ...   France 1569 17a. 45
Cobham, Lord, ...   Holland 1588 18. 19. 20
Challoners - BM Vesp. CVII 99v & 238v
Challoner.        }
Cobham, Sir H ...     20A.
Septr 18 & 19 }
Cockborn, – ...   France 1563 21
1559               }
Collymore, ...   Spain. 1602 21A
Janry ?9/60      }
Colville, John, ...   Scotland 1596 21B
Colquhon, Patrick, ...   ... ... 22
Como, Cardl.

— Q: of Scots —

22a
Comyn, James ...   Scotland 1594 22B
Conde, Prince of, ...   France 1562 23. 24. 25
Conyers, John, ...   Spain   26
Cornelius, ...     27
Crofts   ##### 1596    Aug. 4./ #### 12/##. oct 12/84  
Croft, Sir James, and others ...   Holland 1588 28
Dale, Dr. ...   France 1573 29
Damesell, William ...   Flanders 1548 29A.
Darques, Th. ...   1591 30
Dathenus, ...   { Germany
{ Flanders
  31
Davison, Mr. ...   France Flanders 1577 &c 32. 33.
— ...   Scotland 1585 34. 34A
De la Dale, Alardt ...   Lisbon 1596 35. 35A
De l' Auvespine, (Chateauneuf) ... Scotland 1586 36A.
Desdiguieres, Mons.r ...   France.? 1601? 36AA.
Draper, Mr. ...   1596 36B
Douglas, Mr. ...   Spain 1601 37. 38.
Douglas, Archibald, Nephew ...   Scotland   39
Drury, Sir William ...   Ireland 1578 40
Edmonds, Mr. Thomas ... France 1592 41 & 9C.
—, See Unton    
 

[folios 2v-3r, page 3/7]

 
Ciphers. (continued) 3
#####
Queen Elizabeth to Throckmorton 16 July. 1559. #### #### ####   By whom used where when Reference
Edney, —...   Spain 1559 42
Edwards, Francis ...   France   42A
Englefeld, Sir Fr. Eliot Capt. ... 42B Spain 1591 42aa.
Erle, Walter ...   1560 42b.
Errington, Mr. ...   Scotland 1575 43
Escovedo ...   Flanders 1577 43A., 58
Fenton, Sir Geffrey ...   Ireland (1601) 44
Ferrière, Jean de la, ...   France (1560) 45
Filiazzi, —, Also Pellegrini, ...   Florence 1590 46
"Fiscal, The" ...     47.48
Fontenay, elt ...   Q of scots   48a
Fuller, Thomas ...   Scotland 1589 48B
Gray, Lord, ...   Scotland 1560 49
Gray, Master of, ...   France (1600) 50
Gresham, Sir Thomas...   Flanders 15- 50A.
Guise, Duke of, ...   France   51
—, See Lorraine ...    
Hay, Mr. ...   Scotland (1587) 52
Hoby, Sir Thomas, ...   France   53
Hoggyns, Mr. ...   Scotland   54
Horsey, Mr. ...   France   55
Hunter, Andrew, ...   Flanders   56
James, Edw. ...   Spain   57
Juan, Don, Escovedo ...     58 x ? 57 ###
Kendall, George ...     59 60.
Kircaldy of Grange ...   Scotland   60A.
See also for France 1571 141a *   Kyllygrew, Henry ...   Germany   61
—, ...   Scotland   62
Lee, John, ...   Flanders   63. 64.
Leicester, Earl of ...     ###
Liggons, Mr. ...   Q. of Scots   64a
 

[folios 3v-4r, page 4/7]

 
Ciphers 4
For Thos Leighton's cipher see French Corest ###
22nd May 1574   By whom used where when Reference
Lloyd, Hugh, ...   Douay   65
Lock, Mr. ...   France 1599 66
Lee, Andrew ...   Flanders 1586 66A
Lorraine, Cardinal of, & Duke of Guise   France 1560 67. 68. 69. 70.
Maitland, W. & Queen of Scots —   Q. of Scots 1570
and 71
70A. 70B.
Maltbie, Capt. ...   Ireland   71
Man, Mr. ...   Spain 1567 72
Marta, Dr. ...   Italy   73
Martelli, Signr. ...   Q. of Scots   73a.
Martin ...   Spain &c   73.b.c.d.
Menesis ? ...   France
or Portugal?
1587 74
Mersh, Mr. ...   Flanders 1570 75
Mon, M. du ...   Flanders 1577 76
Montagne, Lord, ...   France 1559 77.78
More, ...   Brussells 1597 78A
Morgan, Thomas ...   Q. of Scots 1586 78B 78C
Mosheron, Mr. ...   Spain 1591 79
May 23 1560      
Mount, Christopher, ...   Germany 1565 80
—, ...   Germany 1571 81
Mowbray, Francis, ...   Scotland (1601) 82
Murray, Earl of, ...   Scotland (1569) 83
— and Duke of Norfolk.   Scotland 1569 84
Myldmay, Sir Anthony, ...   France 1596 84A
N—, J, ...   Holland 1585 85
Nevill, Sir H ...   France (1600) 86
 

[folio 5r, page 5/7]

 
Ciphers. 5
  By whom used where when Reference
Nicholas, Mr. ...   Scotland (1600) 86A
Norfolk, Duke of ...   1571 87
— ...   (France)   88
— (see Murray)    
Norris, Sir H. ...   France 1566 to 1570 } 89. 90. 91
       
Norris, Sir John, ...   ?Low Countries
France

1587

92. 92A. 93.
Ogilvy, Henry ...   Scotland 1587 93a.
Ortel, Mr. ...   Holland   94
Owter, Hans ...   Flanders 1596 95. 95A
Paget, Charles, ...   Scotland   96. 97. 97a.
Palavicino, Sir H ...     1586 97b.
Pellegrini, P. See Filiazzi.   Germany 1590 98.
— ...   Flanders   99
Palsgrave, The, ...   Germany 1568 100
Percy, Sir Henry ...   Scotland 1559 101. 102.
Pinson, Abel, ...   Spain (1602) 103.
Pisa, Jacobo de, ...     104.
Pooley, Robert ...   Flanders (1596) 105. 105A. 105B
Poulet, Sir A. and Mr. Davison France 1577 32 + 32a + 32b
Robert Bruces R..., B ...     106
Jan 12 - 1560 Randolphe, Thomas...   Scotland 1565 107. 108.
Janry 12 156#
      21 156#
 

[folio 6r, page 6/7]

 
Ciphers 6
  By whom used where when Reference
Renom, Laury de, ...   (Spain)   109
Resolde, W. ...   Spain 1597 110. 110A
Ross, Bp. of. ## ...   Q. of Scots 1568 110B.
Saynteman, Henry ...   (Scotland)   111
"Scotish Jesuits" ...   Scotland 1596 112
Sidney, Sir Robert ...   Holland 1590 112A 113
Sluys, Governor of ...   Holland   114
  Smith, Sir John ...   Spain 1576 114a
Smith, Sir Thomas ...   France 1562 115. 116.
{ Stafford, Mr. ...   France { 1580
{ 1584
117
117a 118. 119
      120. 121.
Stafford, Sir Edward ...   France 1590 122. 123. 124.
Sussex, Earl of, ...   Germany 1567 125.
Swartz, Monsieur ...   Flanders   126.
Theobast, Paul ...   Spain 1597 127. 127A
Thompson ...   ... 1590 127B.
Throckmorton, Sir Nicholas, ...   France 1559 128. 129. 130
#### #### 17 July 1549     130a.
#### #### #### 1539    
—, ...   Scotland 1565 131.
—, ...   Scotland 1567 132.
Tyrwhit, Tristram, ...   Italy 1600 133. 134.
Verdiano, Massentio ...   Flanders 1596 135. 135A.
Vere, Sir Francis, ...   1601 136.
Villiers, Mr. ...   Holland   137.
Unton, Sir H. & Mr. Edmondes France   138. 138A.
Wade, Mr. [Arungale] ...   France   139
''   '' 1562 139a
 

[folios 6v-7r, page 7/7]

 
Ciphers. 7
  By whom used where when Reference
Wallop, Sir Henry ...   Ireland   140. 141.
* Killigrew uses this cipher also. *   Walsingham, Sir Francis ...   France   141A.
Warwick, Earl of ...   Normandy 1562 142.
Wieks. see Leighton    
Wilson, Thomas ...   Italy 1601 143. 144.
Wilson, Dr. ...   Flanders   145. 146.
Wood, John ...   Scotland 1568 147.
Wotton, Edward ...   Scotland 1585 147A
Wotton, Dr. Nicholas ...   France 1554 147C. 147D.
     
Names unknown   Flanders   148. ^148a 149.
    & Burborough Treaty. 1587 1588. 149a
  France   { 150 to 162 inclusive }
  Holland 1584 ca 163. 164.
  Ireland 1559 165. 4A2
  Italy   166. 167. 168.
168A.
  Scotland   { 169. to 178 inclusive }
(170 removed to 42A
 
  Spain   179. 180. 181.
182. 182a.
  unknown   { 183. to 187 inclusive }

Last updated 28.10.2010 by Samuli Kaislaniemi.
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