1. The Flemish painter Jan van Eyck was one of the first to use and perfect this technique.
a) oil painting c) realistic painting
b) frescos d) sculpture
2. Thomas More’s book Utopia is about
a) Lutheranism. c) an ideal state.
b) divisions in communities. d) the Church of Rome.
3. The war between France and Spain for control of Italy ended when the
a) Italian people rose up and drove out both armies.
b) French army occupied Nice in 1494.
c) Spanish mercenaries were let loose to sack the city of Rome.
d) Medici family negotiated a peace that divided up the country and left themselves in control of Sicily.
4. Christian humanists believed that
a) if people read the classics and especially early Christian works, they would become more pious.
b) by studying biology, one could assure one’s salvation.
c) God did not intend man to know more than what was written in the Bible.
d) society should return to simpler ways and not focus on gaining wealth and material possessions.
5. Which of the following was the first Protestant faith?
a) Calvinism c) Christian humanism
b) Zoroastrianism d) Lutheranism
6. The Peace of Augsburg formally
a) made Martin Luther the patron saint of the Holy Roman Empire.
b) accepted the division of Christianity in Germany.
c) established the doctrine of Lutheranism.
d) ended the war between France and Morocco.
7. Part of Calvin’s reformation of the city of Geneva included
a) the formation of the Consistory.
b) exiling all Catholics.
c) the execution of Thomas More.
d) requiring all citizens to cut cabbage.
8. Despite their importance in developing a new view of the family, Protestants
a) took a dim view of divorce and made even stricter policies against it.
b) were unable to agree on the role of children in the household.
c) had little impact on most other aspects of society.
d) did nothing to change women’s subordinate role in society.
9.Which of the following founded the Society of Jesus, also known as the Jesuits?
a) Pope Paul III c) Ignatius of Loyola
b) The Council of Trent d) The Act of Supremacy of 1534
10.Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales is an important work because
a) Chaucer’s use of the English vernacular made him the chief ancestor of modern English.
b) it was the first work in French to be published in England, opening those countries up to trade.
c) it was the first collection of short stories by a single author to be published.
d) his portrayal of the lower class evoked a change in English society, allowing an end to cycle of poverty.
11. Which of the following was the best known of all Christian humanists?
a) Desiderius Erasmus c) Martin Luther
b) Filippo Brunelleschi d) Albrecht Dürer
12. The publication of Martin Luther’s Ninety-five Theses
a) was immediately seen as a threat by local businesses.
b) attacked the abuses in the sale of indulgences, beginning the Protestant Reformation.
c) was largely ignored until decades after Luther’s death.
d) became the central text for Anglicanism.
13. Calvin agreed with Luther on most important doctrines EXCEPT
a) who spoke better German.
b) the leadership of the Catholic Church.
d) the sale of indulgences.
14. Both Catholics and Protestants considered the ____ to be dangerous radicals.
a) Anglicans c) Calvinists
b) Moravians d) Anabaptists
15. The final decrees of the Council of Trent
a) reaffirmed traditional Catholic teachings in opposition to Protestant beliefs.
b) empowered the Jesuits to find and try heretics, including anyone who was Protestant.
c) stated that Christians should be nice people.
d) were ultimately meaningless, since they were never put into practice.
“Since then Your Majesty and your lordships desire a simple reply, I will answer without horns and without teeth. Unless I am convicted by Scripture and plain reason—I do not accept the authority of popes and councils, for they have contradicted each other—my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything, for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. Here I stand, I cannot do otherwise. God help me. Amen.”
—Here I Stand quoted in A Life of Martin Luther, Roland Bainton
16. According to the passage, Martin Luther opposes
a) the Scripture.
b) the Word of God.
c) the monarchy.
d) the authority of popes and councils.