[Or the version with Transcript + Video:]

What is is a nonprofit organisation with a goal of advancing the reverse engineering of neural tissue and complete brains, Whole Brain Emulation and development of neuroprostheses that reproduce functions of mind, creating what we call Substrate-Independent Minds (SIM).

Through, we reach out to the public (e.g. meetings, Facebook group), to projects and experts, in order to introduce SIM, to explain why we should accomplish SIM, to maintain development roadmaps, as well as to facilitate research and development networks, secure funding and the establishment of new projects to address the complete mosaic of requirements.

SIM is a field of research which seeks to understand the brain and nervous system of a wide range of organisms, including humans, in order to facilitate emulation of these organisms in an artificial substrate, for example a computer processor.

For a more detailed description of the rationale behind carboncopies, its character and the objectives at its roots, click here to read About

         Feb. 2012: and a technology roadmap to SIM
         are introduced at the Global Futures 2012 congress in Moscow.

Why is needed?

In order for progress to be made in the field of SIM, advancements in many key technologies and research areas are required. These include:

Nanotechnology, biotechnology, brain imaging, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, computational hardware and architectures, cognitive psychology and philosophy.

SIM sits at the confluence of many subjects, and cross-disciplinary research is a necessity. However, it can be difficult to manage and organise ideas from many different fields of expertise. SIM offers tantalizing possibilities, but they need to be understood and pursued in a structured fashion. will help by offering a networking platform and hub around which experts in the individual fields relevant to SIM can gather and exchange ideas. It will also promote these ideas and explain the motivation behind SIM to a wider audience.

How will achieve this? organises workshops and conferences where interested parties can exchange ideas, network with others, and keep updated on the latest developments in the field. We also gather up-to-date literature and news relevant to the SIM community. 

You want to help, but you don't know where to start? - Look here!

Dec.2011, Dr. Koene, representing carboncopies at H+ Hong Kong.
(Photo courtesy of Adam Falcon.)

In the News:
March 28, 2016

February 9, 2016

July 30, 2015

July 2, 2015
Re-launch of daughter-site, a site dedicated to the concept of mind uploading.

November 25, 2014

November 18, 2014

September 27, 2014

September 19, 2014

June 17, 2014

See the full list of news links at

Reading recommendation by

Subpages (1): carboncopies Gear