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Development of the Symphony

You will need to know the following two pieces in depth:

  • Haydn – Symphony No.104 in D major ‘London’
  • Mendelssohn – Symphony No.4 in A major ‘Italian’

Additionally you will need to be able to refer to a variety of other symphonies from 1750-1900.

This AOS will include three main questions:

  1. An unprepared extract, with a skeleton score
      • Melodic dication, spot the rhythm and pitch error and evaluate the harmony
  2. A detailed analysis question on the set works selected for detailed study
      • Use the score to find specific chords/features in a set section of a symphony
  3. An essay question about the development of the symphony, in relation to both set works and to the wider social, cultural and historical context.
      • Referring to both the set pieces and to further listening. (15)


Into the 20th Century

You will need to know the following two pieces in depth:

  • Trio for Oboe, Bassoon and Piano, Movement II by Poulenc
  • Three Nocturnes, Number 1, Nuages by Debussy

You will need to have a working understanding of the following musical styles:

  • Impressionist (Debussy, Ravel, Delius)
  • Expressionist (Schonberg, Webern, Berg)
  • Neoclassical (Prokofiev, Stravinsky, Hindemith, Poulenc)

This AOS will include two main questions:

  1. A question requiring you to analyse one of the set works (selected by the exam board).
    • Including both harmonic analysis using the score and listening analysis from the recording.
  2. An unprepared listening extract in one of the styles above, with various questions.
    • General listening analysis plus a 5 mark question relating to further listening in these styles.


Musical Theatre

You will need to know, and recognise, the works of the following six composers

  • Rodgers
  • Bernstein
  • Sondheim
  • Schonberg
  • Schwarz
  • Lloyd Webber

This AOS will include two main questions

  1. The first question will assess musical elements and language, and will be based on an unprepared extract to be played in the examination.
  2. The second question is based on two unprepared extracts.
    • The first part of the question will assess musical elements and language on extract 1.
    • The last part of the section is a longer answer question which involves a comparison of extract 1 with extract 2. In this aspect, learners will be assessed on their wider understanding of the area of study.


Option A: 4-6 minutes of composition: 2 compositions

Option B: 8-10 minutes of composition: 3 compositions

One piece is free choice and one is composed to a brief set by Eduqas in the year 13. The third composition must be linked to a different AOS.

From Eduqas

Eduqas suggest considering the following in your compositions.

The following suggestions for developing ideas may be useful:

a) encourage exploration through rhythm – so often neglected. Try a few different rhythmic elements (syncopation, triplets, continuous semiquaver movement.)

b) remember the value of imitation, sequence and inversion.

c) textural change – at points where a phrase or passage of music is repeated / for a new section, or sudden change of mood

d) include a contrapuntal section

e) add variety to repetitions (by changing instrumentation/adding layers/countermelodies etc)

f) swap parts around

g) transpose ideas

h) vary the harmonic rhythms

i) introduce new types of accompaniment texture (this may coincide with a change in harmony which is a powerful combination)

j) develop dialogue and interplay between instruments

k) explore timbral possibilities (eg. tremelando, pizzicato)

l) explore a wider dynamic range

m) split the instrumental lines between more than one player

n) re-score the initial ideas

o) re-space harmonies

p) further elaboration of cadence points

q) modulate to related keys

r) develop motifs through augmentation or diminution

Choose no more than five of the above suggestions. Plan how these may be applied to the composition


Option A: 10-12 minute recital: Three piece minimum

Option B: 6-8 minute recital: Two piece minimum

Two pieces must be from different AOS. You must perform at least one solo. In Year 13 standard level is grade 6.

Performances will be judged against the following criteria: