Main Fungus, Tinea Capitis: Symptoms And Treatment
Main fungal or tinea capitis symptoms depend on the type of fungus and the specific immune response of the patient. Main fungus, also called tinea capitis or ringworm, is caused by a fungal infection on the hairy head, eyebrows and eyelashes. Main fungus mainly occurs in children. Adults are rarely infected. The infection can manifest itself in various ways, varying from superficial scaling of the scalp to the formation of bald patches (alopecia) and deep abscesses (kerion). Tinea capitis should always be systemically treated with anti-fungal pills. Local remedies such as antifungal shampoo can be added to the treatment. The prognosis varies and depends on the severity of the fungal infection,
What is main fungus?
Different names are used for the 'tinea capitis' syndrome, such as 'ringworm' and 'main fungus'. Ringworm refers to the circular shape of the affected areas on the head. Fungal infections can occur on different parts of the skin. Tinea capitis is a disease caused by a fungal infection on the hairy head , eyebrows and eyelashes. A fungal infection on the head mainly occurs in children. From puberty the chance of infection is very small. Possibly this is related to accumulated immunity - although there is no lifelong immunity - or an altered composition of the fatty acids on the skin. The sebum of adults contains a higher fatty acid concentration, which has a fungicidal effect.
Tinea capitis is very contagious. The fungus spreads through the loosening skin scales of people or animals, who suffer from a fungal infection. The incubation period is 10 days to 3 weeks.
Who will suffer from it?
Tinea capitis or main mold is seen mainly in children, both boys and girls. From puberty the risk of infection is small and this is probably due to a changed composition of the fatty acids on the skin. Built-up immunity may also play a role.
Cause and emergence of a fungal infection on the head
Everyone comes into contact with skin fungi, since they are everywhere. When the fungus penetrates the skin and hair follicles and expands, there is an infection. Most of the time, the skin protects against infections, but when the skin is irritated by a lot of washing with soap or shampoo, protective fatty acids can disappear, increasing the chance of a fungal infection. Older people, patients with diabetes mellitus and people with reduced resistance are more susceptible to a fungal infection.
Different fungal species
Different kinds of fungal species that can cause complaints on the hairy head are distinguished. These can be divided into two groups:
Ectothrix infections : fungi that remain on the outside of the hair shaft and in the hair follicle; the spores are on the hair. This leads to the destruction of the hair follicle over time, causing the hair to become more fragile and break down.
Endothrix infections : fungi that grow into the hair shaft; the fungi are located inside the hair.
Main fungus is caused by the fungal species belonging to the genera Microsporum and Trichophyton, originating from humans (anthropophilic), animals (zoophilic) or soil (geophilic). Anthropophilic fungal infections are more contagious than zoophagous fungal infection. Zoophagous fungal infections, in turn, tend to start to ignite.
Symptoms main fungus
The symptoms depend on the type of fungus and the specific immune response of the patient. There are inflammatory and non-inflammatory and deep and superficial forms of main fungus. In a certain inflammatory form, even small, yellow, dish-shaped, confluent crusts may develop. Main fungus is often accompanied by itching and sometimes baldness (alopecia), because the hairs break down above the skin. There may be dry scaling on the hairy scalp, which gives a rose-like image (see photo at the top of the article). Main fungus can also cause smooth, bald spots. Sometimes pimples are visible. In the vast majority of cases it is a superficial infection.
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