(2013-2018...ish) Working-time flexibility and work-life balance (project website)
I have been awarded the ESRC Future Leaders Award 2012/3 for the project "Working time flexibility and work-life balance across Europe and the role of contexts: connecting the individual- , company and the country-level". There is mixed evidence on whether the use of flexi-time is beneficial for a better work-life balance, because flexibility can lead to spill-overs from work to home and blur the boundaries between them. I expect that different family, company and national contexts will shape the way flexi-time is used by individuals as well as its outcomes. I will match data from three levels; individual, company and national levels across 25 European countries to explore this question further.
This project started on the 16th of December 2013 and ended n the 19th of November 2017.
For more about the project please visit http://www.wafproject.org
Click here for a summary of the project.
Publications from this project include:
Chung, H. (2022) The flexibility paradox: why flexible working leads to (self-) exploitation. Bristol, Policy Press.
Chung, H., & Van der Lippe, T (eds) (2018/forthcoming). Flexible working work life balance and gender equality. Social Indicators Research
Chung, H., & Van der Lippe, T. (2018/forthcoming). Flexible working work life balance and gender equality: Introduction. Social Indicators Research, Online first. (open access)
Chung, H., & Van der Horst, M. (2018/forthcoming). Flexible working and unpaid overtime in the UK:The role of gender, parental and occupational status. Social Indicators Research, Online first. (open access)
Chung, H. (2018/forthcoming). Gender, flexibility stigma, and the perceived negative consequences of flexible working in the UK. Social Indicators Research, Online first. (open access)
Chung, Heejung/정희정 (2019) Why Flexible Working Alone Will Not Fix Pressing Issues of Work-Life Balance and Gender Equality / 일·생활 균형 및 성평등 현안과 유연근로제의 한계. Global Social Security Review 국제사회보장리뷰, 8 . pp. 49-60. (open access)
Chung, H. (2018) 'Dualization and the access to occupational family-friendly working time arrangements across Europe'. Social Policy & Administration. Special Issue on Occupational Welfare - Still divisive in welfare states. 52(2): 491-507
Chung, H. (2018/forthcoming) 'Women's Work Penalty' in access to flexible working arrangements across Europe. European Journal of Industrial Relations. Online first. (open access)
Chung, H. & van der Horst, M. (2018) Women’s employment patterns after childbirth and the perceived access to and use of flexitime and teleworking. Human Relations/Special Issue on Flexible Careers. 71(1): 47-72.(Open access)
Chung, H. (2017/forthcoming) "National-level family policies and workers' access to schedule control in a European comparative perspective: Crowding out or in, and for whom?" Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis/ Special Issue on Methodological challenges for comparative welfare state research. (open access)
Lott, Y. & Chung, H. (2016) "Gender discrepancies in the outcomes of schedule control on overtime and income in Germany" European Sociological Review. 32(6): 752-765 (open access) - Top 5 finalist for Rosabeth Moss Kanter Award for Excellence in Work-Family Research.
Related publications from my Ph.D. include:
Chung, H. & Tijdens, K. (2013) "Working time components and working time regimes in Europe: using company-level data across 21 countries" International Journal of Human Resource Management, 24(7): 1418-1434.
Chung, H. (2009) Flexibility for Whom? Working time flexibility practices of European companies. ReflecT, Tilburg University Ph.D. Dissertation.
Kerkhofs, M., Chung, H. & Ester, P. (2008)"Working time flexibility across Europe: a typology using firm-level data." Industrial Relations Journal 39(6): 569–585.
Chung, H. (2007) “Flexibility for employers or for employees? A new approach to examining labour market flexibility across Europe using company level data” in Jørgensen, H. & Madsen, P. K. (eds.) Flexicurity and Beyond: Finding a new agenda for the European Social Model, Copenhagen: DJØF Publishing. pp. 243~277
Chung, H., Kerkhofs, M. & Ester, P. (2007) Working Time Flexibility in European Companies, European Foundation, Office for Official Publications: Luxembourg.
Related to this project, and continuing from my post-doctoral project I am currently investigating the influence of welfare state institutions on the work-family conflict of individuals. Many studies examine this issue but come to very different empirical results - many say social policies increase work-family conflict of individuals rather than decreasing it, and especially for women. I am trying to explain why this is the case, through examining the mediating factors that connect social policies and work-family conflict.
Related publications include:
Chung, H. (2011). 'Work-Family Conflict across 28 European Countries: A Multi-level Approach'. In S. Drobnic & A. Guillén (Eds.), Work-Life Balance in Europe. The role of job quality (pp. 42-68). Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.
(2010 till 2018 ish??) Labour market institutions and subjective employment insecurity
Another research project that I am currently involved in, which is an extension of my post-doctoral research project (Funded by the European Commission) is to examine the various influence of welfare state institutions on subjective employment insecurity of European individuals. My current focus is on how different institutional structures impact different groups of the labour market in different ways, as well as the moderating influence of institutions in the outcomes of subjective insecurity on subjective well-being and political attitudes/support for the welfare state.
Related publications include:
Chung, H. (2019) " Dualization and subjective employment insecurity: Explaining the subjective employment insecurity divide between permanent and temporary workers across 23 European countries" Economic and Industrial Democracy.
van Oorschot, W. & Chung, H. (2015) "Feelings of dual-insecurity among European workers: A multi-level analysis" European Journal of Industrial Relations. 21(1): 23-37
Chung, H. (2015) "Subjective employment insecurity gap between occupations: variance across Europe" in Eichhorst, W. and Marx, P. (eds.) Non-Standard Employment in Post-Industrial Markets: An Occupational Perspective. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. pp. 271-29
Chung, H. and Mau, S. (editors) (2014) Special Issue: Subjective Insecurity and the Role of Institutions. Journal of European Social Policy, 24 (4). ISSN 0958-9287
Chung, H. and Mau, S. (2014) Subjective insecurity and the role of institutions. Journal of European Social Policy, 24 (4): 303-318
Carr, E. and Chung, H. (2014) Employment insecurity and life satisfaction: The moderating influence of labour market policies across Europe. Journal of European Social Policy, 24 (4): 383-389
Chung, H. & van Oorschot, W. (2012) “The impact of the perceived and actual unemployment benefit generosity and unemployment rates on employment security of workers” in Ervasti, H. et al. (eds.) The Future of the Welfare State: Social Policy Attitudes and Social Capital in Europe. Edward Elgar. pp.46-67
Chung, H. & van Oorschot, W. (2011) “Institutions versus market forces: Explaining the employment insecurity of European individuals during (the beginning of) the financial crisis.” Journal of European Social Policy. 21(4): 287-301
Chung, H. & van Oorschot, W. (2010) “Employment insecurity of European individuals (during the financial crisis), a multi-level approach” RECwowe working paper series 14/2010. University of Edinburgh: Edinburgh.
This is an international project that examine attitudes to welfare and to the future development of welfare states in six European countries . People’s current aspirations, ideas and assumptions will be important drivers of change and persistence in European welfare states, and of the extent to which conflict and solidarity surround change. This project uses innovative methods (deliberative democratic forums, a qualitative cross-national focus group survey) to develop understanding of people’s aspirations for the Europe their children will inhabit.
The project will contribute to theoretical work on the main cleavages and solidarities driving social policy in different European welfare states and to more practical consideration of the parameters of acceptable policy change. It will supply new findings relevant to the politics and sociology of welfare and provide data for reanalysis and as a base-line in future studies.
The project is headed by Peter Taylor-Gooby (PI) and consists of welfare attitude experts across Europe.
Jorgen Goul Andersen and Christian Albrekt Larsen (Alborg), Maša Filipovič and Hrast Tatjana Rakar (Ljubljana), Bjorn Hvinden and Mi Ah Schoyen (Nova), Steffen Mau and Jan-Ocko Heuer (Humbolt), Wim van Oorschot (Leuven), Benjamin Leruth (Kent) along with myself.
This project if funded by the NORFACE Welfare Futures Grant .
The project will run from the 1st of February 2015 till August 2018.
Project publications include
Taylor-Gooby, P., Leruth, B. and Chung, H. (2017) After Austerity: welfare state transformation in Europe after the great recession. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Taylor-Gooby, P., Leruth, B. and Chung H. (2017) Where next for the UK welfare state? in Taylor-Gooby, P., Leruth, B. and Chung H. (eds) After Austerity: The New Politics of Welfare in Europe. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press
Taylor-Gooby, P., Leruth, B. and Chung, H. (2017). Liberalism, Social Investment, Protection, and Chauvinism: New Directions for the European Welfare State. in: Taylor-Gooby, P., Leruth, B. and Chung, H. eds. After Austerity: The New Politics of Welfare in Europe. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press
Taylor-Gooby, P., Leruth, B. and Chung, H. (2017). The Context: How European Welfare States Have Responded to Post-Industrialism, Ageing Populations, and Populist Nationalism. in: After Austerity: The New Politics of Welfare in Europe. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press 1-27.
Related publications include
Chung, H. & Meuleman, M. (2016/forthcoming) European parents’ attitudes towards public childcare provision. The role of current provisions, interests and ideologies. European Societies. Online first.(OPEN ACCESS!!)
Chung, H. & Meuleman, B. (2014). Support for Government Intervention in Child Care Across European Countries. In M. León (Ed.),The Transformation of Care in European Societies: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 104-133
Meuleman, B. & Chung, H. (2012) “Who should care for the children? Support for government intervention in child care” in Ervasti, H. et al. (eds.)The Future of the Welfare State: Social Policy Attitudes and Social Capital in Europe. Edward Elgar . pp.107-133
Norwegian project on part-time work (project website)
I am participating in a project funded by the Research Council of Norway. The project title is "“Part-time careers in Norway – the end of normalization? Women’s working time adaptation in a longitudinal perspective”. PI: Heidi Nicolaisen at Fafo
This project will run from November 2014 – Nov 2017
Other projects also include
2009.4 ~ 2011.11 : Tensions between work and life
Part of the 6th framework network of Excellence RECwowe, funded by the European Commission
2009.2 ~ 2010.10 : Methodology for monitoring and analysis of the Flexicurity policies in the Member States
Project for the European Commission
2009.6 : (PI) A survey of country employment and social protection policy responses to the global economic crisis
Project for the ILO
2008.5 ~ 2009.4 : Defining and testing flexicurity indicators in Europe: the Dutch case
Project for the Ministry of Social Affairs in the Netherlands
2007.3 ~ 2008.12 : (PI) Privatization and working conditions
Project for the ETUI
2007.1 ~ 2008.7 : Decent work in Europe: the Netherlands
Project for the ILO
2007.10 ~ 2008.1 : (PI) Spanish Labour Market Reform
Project for the Korean Chamber of Commerce
2007.8 ~ 2008.3 : (PI) Research Fellowship Award
Social Science Research Centre Berlin
2006.11 ~ 2007.5 : Flexicurity pathways
Report by the European Expert Group on Flexicurity – report drafted for the European Commission
2005.11 ~ 2006.12 : Flexibility and Security over the life-course
Project for the European Foundation
2005.11~2006.12 : Working time flexibility of European companies
Project for the European Foundation