Shorinji Kempo was established by Doshin So as a system for self-improvement and training (gyo or discipline) in Japan in 1947.
The training methods are based on the philosophy "spirit and body are not separable" shinshin ichinyo) and "train both body and spirit". In this way, Shorinji Kempo has been known to have 3 benefits of "self-defense and training", "mental training " and "promoting health".
Shorinji Kempo also incorporates an education system aiming to "establish oneself" and promote "mutual comfort" employing well organized technical training schedules and a thick handbook for the philosophy and techniques (Shorinji Kempo Kyohan).
Technically, Shorinji Kempo has a whole set of defense techniques but the demonstration known as embu is the commonly demonstrated technique. It is usually performed by 2 persons and called kumi-embu. The embu consists of 6 sections and each section includes a series of techniques which are either goho or juho. During theembu, one person attacks and another person defends, they then swap roles and repeat the technique immediately. Each technique is known as hien or flying swallow which represents speed and smoothness of those techniques. The embu is occasionally performed wearing a black gown at the beginning ceremony of annual taikai or convention.