# Flipped Project

Purpose

Flipped instruction involves assigning videos or multimedia as homework rather than problem sets. Within flipped instruction, students and teachers can work together on problems during class time rather than students having to work independently after school. The initial purposes of this project were to investigate mathematics teachers' motivations for flipping and the ways in which they structure flipped instruction in their classes. The project has now expanded to focus on the relationships between features of flipped instruction and students' learning of algebra.

Principal Investigators

Zandra de Araujo

Samuel Otten

Research Collaborators

James Tarr

Ze Wang

Salih Birisci

Milan Sherman

Wenmin Zhao

Abigail Heffern

Nicole Fyten

Funding

National Science Foundation DRK-12 [**NSF Project Page**]

University of Missouri **ReSTEM Institute**

Articles

de Araujo, Z., Otten, S., & Birisci, S. (2017). Teacher-created videos in a flipped mathematics class: Digital curriculum materials or lesson enactments? *ZDM Mathematics Education*. doi: 10.1007/s11858-017-0872-6 [**Link**]

de Araujo, Z., Otten, S., & Birisci, S. (2017). Mathematics teachers' motivations for, conceptions of, and experiences with flipped instruction. *Teaching and Teacher Education, 62*, 60-70. [**Link**]

de Araujo, Z., Otten, S., & Birisci, S. (2017). Conceptualizing “homework” in flipped mathematics classrooms. *Journal of Educational Technology and Society, 20*, 248-260. [**Link**]

de Araujo, Z., Otten, S., & Birisci, S. (2016). Teachers' motivations and conceptualizations of flipped mathematics instruction. In M. B. Wood, E. E. Turner, M. Civil & J. A. Eli (Eds.), *Proceedings of the 38th annual meeting of the North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education* (pp. 1313-1316). Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona. [**PDF**]

Presentations

de Araujo, Z., Otten, S., & Birisci, S. (2016, November). *Teachers’ motivations and conceptualizations of flipped mathematics instruction*. Paper presented at PMENA, Tucson, AZ.

Otten, S., de Araujo, Z., & Birisci, S. (2016, November). *A framework for homework in flipped mathematics classes*. Poster presented at PMENA, Tucson, AZ.

Otten, S., & de Araujo, Z. (2016, October). *The role of videos in high-quality flipped lessons*. Presentation at the Kansas City Mathematics Technology Expo, Kansas City, MI.

de Araujo, Z., & Otten, S. (2016, December). *Considerations for flipped instruction*. Presentation at the Abell conversation series at the University of Missouri, Columbia, MO.

de Araujo, Z., & Otten, S. (2016, July). *Flipped mathematics: Lessons learned from research*. Presentation at Columbia Public Schools Technopalooza, Columbia, MO.