Seasonal Activity of Ticks

J Med Entomol. 1995 Jan;32(1):66-70.

Seasonal activity of nymphal Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) in different habitats inNew Jersey.

Lord CC.

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Activity patterns of nymphal Ixodes scapularis Say were compared between habitat types (dominant tree types: mixed deciduous, oak, white pine, red cedar, sassafras, and spicebush). Both the time of peak abundance and the relative abundance of questing nymphs at the peak were compared.

Several smoothing algorithms were tested with the data to determine if they could be used to estimate the time of peak abundance more accurately. Determination of the time of peak abundance using the raw data or simple moving averages was susceptible to outliers.

Weighted averages were less susceptible to outliers. The seasonal pattern of nymphal abundance was similar in all habitat types. Variation in the time of peak abundance between habitats was low. Peak densities were lower in deciduous habitats (0.24 +/- 0.05 nymphs per square meter) than in nondeciduous habitats (0.85 +/- 0.15 nymphs per square meter); this could have resulted from higher host use of the nondeciduous areas.

These data suggest that there are differences in the population dynamics of nymphs found in different habitats.

PMID: 7869344 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]