Ureaplasma urealyticum

Ureaplasma urealyticum

Characteristics

  • Opportunistic pathogen

Reservoirs

·         Humans (only reservoir, normal flora of the female genital tract)

Transmission

·         Sexual

Toxins

  • None in particular

Diseases

 In Males

  • Second most common cause of non-gonococcal urethritis (after
  • Chlamydia trachomatis)
  • Prostatitis and epididymitis

In Females

  • Second most common cause of non-gonococcal urethritis and
  • cervicitis (after Chlamydia trachomatis)
  • pelvic inflammatory disease, tuboovarian abscesses, ectopic
  • pregnancies and infertility

In Both Males and Females

  • cystitis and pyelonephritis
  • wound infections (primarily if surgical)
  • infective arthritis
  • septicemia

In Neonates

  • neonatal interstitial pneumonitis
  • neonatal meningitis
  • septicemia

Treatment

  • Tetracyclines in conjunction with third generation cephalosporins
  • (if non-gonococcal urethritis and/or cervicitis, due to the possibility
  • that the urethritis and/or cervicitis may be of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and/or Chlamydia trachomatis origin)
  • Tetracycline (if all other diseases)

 

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