Spatial Strategies for Racial Unity

By June Manning Thomas

August 2020 article on Baha'i World

Journal of Baha'i Studies. Vol. 27, no. 3, 2017.

Whole special issue is dedicated to to the to the subject of racial unity Vol. 27, no. 3, 2017.

Christopher Buck, “Alain Locke’s Philosophy of Democracy.” Studies in Bahá’í Philosophy 4 (2015): 24–45.

“‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s 1912 Howard University Speech: A Civil War Myth for Interracial Emancipation.” ‘Abdu’l-Baha’s Journey West: The Course of Human Solidarity. Edited by Negar Mottahedeh. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. Pp. 111–144.

The Journal of Baha'i Studies Vol. 29, No. 1-2. Spring-Summer 2019.

Arthur Leonardo Duque offers as a contribution to deal with The Most Challenging Issue the empowerment of those interested in addressing it, with the methods of science (click image above), using as a context the lessons contained in the document titled Dealing with Racial Discrimination.

Robert Hayden

By Christopher Buck and Derik Smith (Claremont McKenna College). Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019. (Published online: April 26, 2019.):

The Interracial ‘Bahá’í Movement’ and the Black Intelligentsia: The Case of W. E. B. Du Bois.

Journal of Religious History 36.4 (December 2012): 542–562. (Special Issue: Bahá’í History, guest-edited by Todd Lawson.):

The Bahá’í ‘Race Amity’ Movement and the Black Intelligentsia in Jim Crow America: Alain Locke and Robert S. Abbott.

Baha’i Studies Review 17 (cover date, 2011; publication date, 2012): 3–46. (Edited by Steve Cooney.):

Robert Hayden’s ‘[American Journal]’: A Multidimensional Analysis.

Online Journal of Bahá’í Studies 2 (2008): 1–37. See:

Alain Locke: Race Leader, Social Philosopher, Bahá’í Pluralist.

Special Issue: “Alain Locke: Dean of the Harlem Renaissance and Bahá’í Race-Amity Leader.” World Order 36.3 (2005): 7–36.

Alain Locke, “Alain Locke: Four Talks Redefining Democracy, Education, and World Citizenship.”

Edited and introduced by Christopher Buck and Betty J. Fisher. World Order 38.3 (2006/2007): 21–41.

Features four previously unpublished speeches by Alain Locke: “The Preservation of the Democratic Ideal” (1938 or 1939); “Stretching Our Social Mind” (1944); “On Becoming World Citizens” (1946). “Creative Democracy” (1946 or 1947). [Published in 2008.] See:

Alain Locke

American Writers: A Collection of Literary Biographies. Supplement XIV. Edited by Jay Parini. Farmington Hills, MI: Scribner’s Reference/The Gale Group, 2004. Pp. 195–219. (Released September 22, 2004.) See:

Alain Locke: Bahá’í Philosopher.

Baha’i Studies Review 10 (2001/2002): 7–49. See: