In 1991, Camel Trophy returned to the African mainland for the first time since the 1983 event. Camel Trophy 1991 was significant not only because it crossed the border between two countries but also for its record entry of seventeen nations.
Once again, the Land Rover Discovery Tdi was the vehicle of choice for the teams, although this event was the first to use the more accessible five-door version.
The route retraced the trail of the famous Scottish explorer Dr David Livingstone, who led a successful quest to discover the source of the Nile in the Nineteenth Century. The 1,800 km convoy route traversed some of the most dramatic and spectacular scenery in Africa, teeming with precious and endangered wildlife, as it made its way from Dar Es Salaam in Tanzania to Bujumbura in Burundi.
With the belated advent of the rainy season, many of the Tanzanian tracks, particularly those through the areas of "black cotton soils", became treacherous quagmires. Progress was slowed dramatically and the incessant whine of winch motors even drowned out the sounds of the African bush.
At the end of this Camel Trophy, during which sleep was a particularly rare commodity, the Austrians won the Special Task Award, while the Turkish team consisting of Menderes Utku and Bulent Ozler won both the Team Spirit Award and the overall Camel Trophy.
This was the first event that where the new scoring/judging system provided three potential award winners for the Camel Trophy, Team Spirit Award and Special Tasks Award. Although the introduction of the Special Tasks Award represented the beginning of the gradual move away from the adventurous expedition style of the event, in the future the overall winner would be calculated using a combination of Special Task results and Team Spirit results.
Team Vehicles: Land Rover Discovery 200Tdi
Support Vehicles: Land Rover One Ten
Distance: 1658 km
Number of Teams: 17
Austria - Joseph Altman & Peter Widhalm (Special Tasks Award)
Belgium - Geert Blondeel & Tony Carrette
Canary Islands - Alejandro Marrero & Clemente Lopez
France - Jean-Pierre Chautagnat & Jerome Krief
Germany - Andreas Bublat & Wolfram Ettgen
Greece - Thanassis Choundras & Thanassis Papadimitriou
Holland - Marcel Van Bemmel & Jan Pepers
Italy - Carlo Rinaldi & Emilio Previtali
Japan - Kaoru Shoji & Hideo Mukoyama
Poland - Slawomir Makaruk & Grzegorz Kowalski
Soviet Union - Vadim Saveliev & Mikael Snarski
Spain - Fernando Castaneda Smids & Javier Vila Altimir
Switzerland - Erwin Karrer & Eric Krebs
Turkey - Menderes Utku & Bulent Ozler (Camel Trophy & Team Spirit Award)
United Kingdom - Tim Dray & Andrew Street
United States - Webb Arnold & Bill Burke
Yugoslavia - Roman Vukovic & Darko Dular