Some of the following appears, in a different form,
in "Anthropopery", here at Waldorf Watch.
If you come upon material you have seen before,
please just skip ahead.
The Theory of Everything
The natural world is a bothersome place, a realm of maya (illusion) inhabited by devious, elusive beings like gnomes and phantoms. On the other hand, the natural world is our nurturing mother, a realm of beneficent life forces. Or so Steiner has told us: Nature is false, yet nature is true.
The two-faced nature of nature is exemplified, in Steiner’s doctrines, by the female principle that manifests itself as the Earth Goddess. Presiding within the natural world, the Goddess has been known by many names, reflecting humanity’s changing consciousness as we have evolved: She is Demeter, Gaia, Mary, Sophia... She is the feminine side of divinity. Or so Steiner has told us.
Before exploring Steiner’s teachings about this Goddess, we should pause to consider a general feature of Steinerthought. Rudolf Steiner attempted to stitch together a theory of everything.  Drawing heavily from others who have had a similar goal — especially Theosophists — he tried to find a coherent narrative running through all mystical and religious traditions. He claimed that all truly inspired prophets and oracles and seers throughout history had attained spiritual insights that were, at their core, the same.  Thus, he argued that the many references in various cultures to an Earth goddesses all point to the same being. He explained the differences between these goddesses by arguing that human comprehension of the divine has evolved, becoming deeper and truer as we advance. But beyond such differences, he said, each god or goddess perceived by humans is a real being, and all insightful teachings about each god or goddess are fundamentally alike. 
Steiner’s great intellectual achievement was to create a framework that accommodates so many mythologies, religions, and occult traditions. (Again, we need to remember that he took much of this framework from others, but he undeniably made his own contributions to the end product that he referred to as Anthroposophy.) His large assertion was that Christianity — as redefined by himself — is the culmination of all previous spiritual systems; it is the Truth that previous systems were leading us toward. 
The great problem in all this is that Steiner had to reinterpret most of the material he incorporated into his system, in order to make it all fit. Thus, his Christ is the Sun God, who did not save us, precisely, but who provided us with the proper role model for our own spiritual development.  Christ is crucially important to us, Steiner said, but there are many other gods, and we will reincarnate many times on Earth, and our lives are conditioned by destiny or karma as well as by the astrological power of the stars and planets, and the Moon is a fortress harboring reclusive beings, and, and... Most of this is utterly alien to orthodox Christianity and the Bible, but Steiner freely wrenched all manner of traditions into unlikely shapes. Thus, Steiner argued that Buddha was the same being as the ancient Norse god Wotan, and he taught that at the request of the head Rosicrucian, Buddha traveled to Mars where he was crucified, as it were. Buddhists cannot recognize their teachings in this bizarre story any more than Christians can see their Savior in a Sun being who helped us manage our karma and reincarnations more wisely. 
Steiner did this sort of thing constantly, with scores of tales and teachings: He made them all fit together — but he did this by distorting them so severely that their original meanings were often destroyed. If he had provided any evidence or at least rational arguments to support his statements, we might agree that he developed interesting new metaphysical truths, or that he at least revived old, discarded concepts, breathing new life into them. But he gave no evidence and he rarely took the trouble to defend his remarks. He relied primarily on his own, unsupported word — his own self-asserted authority. The only substantiation he generally offered was to cite the myths, traditions, and doctrines that, he claimed, were consistent with his teachings (although they became consistent only after he had “corrected” them). 
Steiner’s teachings about the great Earth Goddess are a case in point. In reality, the goddesses described in various cultures are deeply different from one another; they can be made to seem identical only if we take great liberties in redefining them — which is precisely what Steiner did. The result can seem impressive, if we don’t look too closely. Here is Steiner’s basic pitch: Many, many cultures have honored Earth goddesses; indeed, the worship of such goddesses seems to be almost universal. Surely this means that such goddesses exist. Indeed, even more exciting, all these real goddesses are, in truth, a single, real goddess, perceived by different peoples from different angles. The universe is thronged by real gods and goddesses, as the ancients knew, however dimly. Today, thanks to Anthroposophy, we can know these divine beings clearly and accurately. And who can we thank for this? Golly. (At this point, Steiner modestly takes a bow.)
But just a moment. Is there a simpler, more rational explanation for the existence of Earth-goddess myths in many cultures all around the world? Of course there is.
There should be no surprise that ancient people found something deeply female in the nature of Earthly life. And because they so often tried to figure out their lives in our mysterious universe by imagining various gods working behind the scenes, it was perfectly natural for them to image a Goddess working behind or within the Earth. So we don’t need mystical theories to understand why many peoples have had Earth goddess myths, and we shouldn’t conclude from the existence of such myths that any such goddesses actually exist. The myths prove nothing. Steiner, however, almost always accepted myths as truth (after he revised them). Given the choice between the real knowledge produced by science and the fantasies spun by ancient, unschooled peoples, he almost always chose the latter — he opted for fantasy rather than fact, ignorance rather than knowledge. And that is what he offered his adherents.
Demeter & Persephone
Let’s zero in. In many cultures, the Earth Goddess is naturally associated with the bounty of the Earth. Demeter, for instance, was the ancient Greek goddess of cereals or grains. Here is Steiner’s description:
Demeter’s deeper nature is her procreative power, borne of the spiritual world. Demeter would have us all attain immortality in that world, if she could. But as creatures of the Earth, our fate is more complicated. Steiner says we can see this in the myth of Demeter and her daughter:
Steiner interprets this as a confirmation of the doctrine of reincarnation:
This interpretation is plausible; the concept of reincarnation was known among the Greeks. However, the myth speaks of alternating periods spent in Hades and on Earth, not alternating periods spent on Earth and in “divine heights.” Steiner is reaching.
But Steiner goes much further, twisting the Demeter-Persephone myth to reflect some of his other doctrines in addition to reincarnation. You may not have noticed (I surely didn’t) that the myth tells us that human beings have multiple souls, and that we used to possess natural clairvoyance, and that modern science has raped us, and that... You may not have noticed, in other words, that the ancient Greek myth wholly supports all of Steiner's occult doctrines. But I’ll quote from the introduction to ISIS MARY SOPHIA , written by a devout Anthroposophist, about clairvoyance and the multifaceted spiritual nature of mankind:
The devout Anthroposophist is reaching.
Gaia & Isis
While we all try to let that sink in, I’ll make a relatively simple point. Properly speaking, the Earth Goddess is Gaia, the personification of the Earth. Gaia is the counterpart to Uranus, the personification of the heavens. As Steiner put the matter,
Uranus is high and Gaia is low, but they are united in the totality of our being.
Steiner said that his insights into such myths is reflected in the souls and bodies of real humans — a point having significance for Waldorf education.
Waldorf teachers, therefore, look on their students as having Uranus heads and Gaia bodies. Whether these fantasies affect the way students are treated and taught is an interesting subject, but I will defer it to other pages on this website. For the moment, we should simply note that despite denials, Steiner elevated Uranus and disparaged Gaia. The Earth is lowly. If we take Earthly life to be reality, then reality is lowly. This concept reverberates through Steiner’s doctrines.
Gaia is an ancient goddess, an early human vision of the female principle in the cosmos. According to Steiner, other visions of the female principle reflect other insights into this principle, appropriate to various stages of human development. Steiner placed special emphasis on Isis, the Egyptian goddess of fertility. Like Gaia, Isis dwells in the physical realm while her husband, like Gaia’s, dwells in the spirit realm. Isis is our soul while we live here on Earth. We descended from the spirit realm to the Earth, and as our Earth Mother, Isis lovingly wants to return us to that that realm.
Isis/Gaia/Demeter are the female principle, infusing the lowly Earth while the male principle hovers above, in the spirit realm. Isis is married to Osiris.
The initiate is a student of occult mysteries who has penetrated far into the secrets of the universe. Initiates are attuned to Osiris. But ordinary people (lowly, earthly, unenlightened) are more attuned to Isis.
Here is Steiner’s version of the Isis-Osiris myth:
The incest in this tale is unpleasant for modern readers, but don’t let that deter you. Our attention should be elsewhere, anyway. Most gods cannot bear to descend to physical reality. Steiner interprets Osiris’s murder in this way: The chest Osiris lies in is the physical body, which is so alien to him that he dies when he enters it. Few gods who can tolerate living in the lowly, physical realm. The exceptions are the Earth Goddesses and a few avatars, the highest of whom is Christ, the self-sactificing Sun God. [See "Avatars".] Steiner saw a prefiguring of Christ in Isis’s son, Horus. To bear this wonderful son, Isis had to purify herself — she had to become virginal, like Mary.
Horus will rule the Earth, and he will be victorious over humanity’s lower nature. In this sense, he saves us. And he is borne by a goddess who, being pure, is impregnated from on high.
Isis & Mary
This brings us to Mary and her son. According to Steiner, the Bible is not literally true. Mary, the mother of God, is not in fact a woman — she is the Earth Goddess, seen in a new visage by more evolved humans. Mary is the further development of Isis, and her son is the realized god prefigured by Horus.
Mary, the Madonna, is Isis as perceived by humans who were more advanced than the ancient Egyptians.
Looking for other mothering gods who produced Christ-like sons, Steiner lighted on Persephone, whom we met earlier as Demeter’s daughter. Steiner now promotes her to the line of Earth Goddesses, supplanting her mother, because Persephone gave birth to a god, Iacchos, who died and was resurrected.  So, if we are willing to interpret these myths as Steiner wants us to do, we can conclude that the Mary-Jesus story was told incorrectly in the Egyptian myths (as the Isis-Horus story) and in the Greek myths (as the Persephone-Iacchos story), but it is told truly in the Gnostic Christian version (as told by Steiner, according to Steiner).
Let’s recapitulate. (We'll have more to say about Mary presently.) Many peoples have had Earth Goddess myths, and if we try hard enough, we can make these myths seem to seem consistent with one another. But even if we accompany Steiner this far, we do not need to find supernatural reasons to account for the Earth Goddess myths. It is perfectly easy to see why ancient or primitive peoples would come up with the idea of a goddess dwelling within nature.
We can take this a step further. Some peoples have had myths about gods who died and then were resurrected. In various cases, these myths are associated with Earth Goddess myths. How impressed should we be? Is the existence of resurrection myths strong evidence that a god once died on Earth and was then resurrected? No. The Bible may be true, and Jesus may have risen from the dead. But the myths of Iacchos and other resurrected gods do not provide any evidence for this. Any people who have an Earth Goddess myth are quite likely to have a resurrection myth because, clearly, life on Earth goes through cycles of death and rebirth. Nature comes to life and flourishes in spring and summer, and then it declines and “dies” in autumn and winter, only to be reborn in the following spring. The cycle of natural resurrection is deep in human experience — it is what we see all around us every year. Naturally, then, we incorporate the idea (the promise, the hope) of resurrection in the explanatory stories we tell ourselves. Indeed, in our mythologies some gods who might be called Christ figures are explicitly worshipped as gods of the spring, who die in autumn, to be reborn in the spring. In Norse mythology, for instance, Baldur is a god of spring who dies but whose promise is undying. [See "The Gods".]
Perhaps the Biblical account of Christ’s resurrection is literally true; I am not arguing against that. But any literally true passages in the Bible are quite distinct from myths dreamt up by peoples in lands and times far removed from the Holy Land. Various myths may reflect the same natural rhythms of life and death, and they may arise from the same human psychological needs, but they do not constitute miraculous proof of occult doctrines such as Steiner's.
Mary & Wisdom
Among the many oddities and surprises in Steiner’s version of things we find this: Christ came to Earth, but He did not bring us divine wisdom, according to Steiner. The true bearer of divine wisdom was his mother, the Goddess.
The expression “a Christ" may seem surprising. It suggests that there have been other Christs, and in a sense this is what Steiner means — at least, he means that figures such as Horus and Iacchos are Christ figures, presaging the arrive of the true Christ. But ultimately there is only one true Christ figure: Christ Himself. Just as the many Earth Goddesses are all really one goddess, so all the Christ figures are really one Christ.
The “Mystery-divinity” or Mother of God found in the Bible is, of course, Mary. Steiner gives this description of a painting of the Madonna:
Steiner emphasizes Mary’s head, just as he did with Isis. And we can find connections to other Earth Goddess myths. Like Demeter, like Gaia, Mary is “married” to a celestial power, or at least she is impregnated by such a power. She takes the Sun into herself — she receives Christ, who comes from the Sun.
Christ came to Earth, through Mary, from the celestial realm beyond the Moon. Notice that “we can see in the form of Mary the moon-earthly element.” The Earth Goddess is not the spiritual essence of the Earth only — her sphere is the entire space extending from the Earth to the Moon. This is the realm humans now occupy. We are rightfully, originally, sky beings, but for now we are Earth beings, dwelling under the ever-changing Moon. Christ comes to us from the Sun, bringing true light (unlike the Moon with its false, reflected light). The light enters Mary, and she bestows it on us. She is our wonderful mother, the mother of mankind as well as the Mother of God. She is wisdom. But she is also separated from the true universe, the sky universe, just as we are. She dwells with us under the changeable Moon.
None of this is exactly clear-cut, I know, and I apologize. This is how Steiner worked things out; don’t blame me. The going will soon get even rougher for a while, for we are approaching one center of Steiner’s doctrines, which inevitably means we are entering occult, mysterious territory. Hang in there.
To fulfill our evolutionary destiny, we must follow Christ — that is, we must emulate Him. But, equally, we need to emulate the Mother of God. Ultimately, She is not really our mother, standing apart from us. She is our own purified soul, prepared to receive — and produce — the divine. You see, we have divinity within us, just as we potentially have divine wisdom within us. The female principle in the universe is the nurturing power within our own souls that enables us to give birth to our true selves, the god and wisdom within. We “divine” or develop the divine wisdom within us by following the mothering instinct within ourselves. We are, in a sense, the female. We yearn for union with the celestial, male powers. Mary, the Mother of God, is ourselves, as it were.
To make sense of this, we need to understand what Steiner meant by “wisdom.” It is what we find through cosmic, clairvoyant vision; it is what we find when we stop thinking with our conscious brains and surrender to the unconscious knowledge we have within ourselves. Finding this wisdom can be complex, requiring the mystical disciplining our of minds and souls, but it is imminent, ready for our discovery. And the Mother can lead us there.
The true name of the Mother of God, within our souls, is not Mary or Isis or Demeter. The true name of the Goddess is “the Virgin Sophia”:
This Goddess is, in essence, the Holy Spirit — the feminine element of the Trinity that has been overlooked and misunderstood by orthodox Christians, said Steiner.
Sometimes it is useful to get a full dose of Steiner straight on. This is how he spoke and wrote. If what you've just read seems like mud, all you really need to know is that, according to Steiner, there is a divine male principle and a divine female principle. The male is epitomized by Christ. The female is epitomized by the Earth Goddess, aka Isis, aka Mary, aka Sophia, aka the Holy Ghost. “Sophia” is thus just another name for the divine wisdom brought to us by the Holy Ghost, and Steiner’s doctrines are the true embodiment of this wisdom: Anthropo-Sophy, the wisdom of the human being. According to Steiner, that is. (And we should remember that, as we have just seen, Steiner had to change everything in order to affirm everything, He changed Christian teachings, for example, in order to make them fit his system, Anthropo-sophy. The goddess within his system is, then, Anthropo-Sophia. We'll get to this, below.)
Steiner deserves credit for emphasizing the distaff side of divinity, especially because he wrote and spoke in a period that was overwhelmingly patriarchal. According to his teachings, the male “principle” is undeniably paramount — most gods he discussed are male, including God the Father and God the Son — but he elevated the female “principle” far more than many other gurus of his time did, and he credited the female principle with wonderful attributes: love, nurturing, selflessness, wisdom. This principle is, he said, our connection with divine truth in the form of the Holy Spirit, and thus in some sense it is our very soul.
Yet, despite asserting the essential equality of the female and the male, Steiner placed the Earth Goddess in a subservient position, occupying a lower realm. The Goddess aspires to union with the divine, which is above her, but she is held distant from it, removed from the upper pantheon. The thrust of Steiner’s work is summarized in the title of one of his central books: HOW TO KNOW HIGHER WORLDS.  We humans long for the higher worlds, and our Mother shares this longing.
The Earth is a subordinate realm, Steiner taught. It is a place of mere material existence, illusion (maya), and inferior beings, the nature spirits, which have no true spiritual essence.  Some nature spirits, such as phantoms and demons, are distinctly evil. Others, such as gnomes (goblins), are equivocal at best. And even those that seem at least tentatively friendly to humankind are potentially harmful if they draw us too deeply into their sublunar, physical sphere. The only real benefit nature spirits can offer us is to assist us in leaving their realm. This is the same goal that the Goddess has for us: She wants us, her children, to rise to higher worlds and, having arrived there, to find immortality.
The association of the Goddess with the Moon is telling. Steiner placed Christ on the Sun and Jehovah on the Moon.  Jehovah is not God, Steiner said — he is a subordinate god, in a sense a demiurge: He is the god of the Jews, who practice what Steiner called the Moon religion.  Thus, the Goddess is associated with a parasitical sphere (the Moon, which produces no light of its own), and an inferior god (Jehovah) presiding over an outmoded, false religion (Judaism).  At least in Western tradition, the Moon embodies inconstancy, fickle change, unreliable alternation. Western misogynists have long tagged women with the accusation of inconstancy and faithlessness. This is their “Moon” nature. And to the degree that women or the Moon preside over Earthly life, then all of us on the Earth are affected by these characteristics. 
Steiner meant his teachings to be free of misogyny. Male and female human beings are, at core, the same, he said.
In our essential nature, all real humans beings, male and female, are equal. Taking this further, we can say that the male and female principles are both divine and thus, in a manner of speaking, both are true. And yet, according to Steiner, a fundamental difference between male and female can be found in the very structure of the universe. Surprisingly, this is not the polarity between Sun (male) and Moon (female), or at least it is not always this. It is, or can be, the polarity between Comet and Moon:
Whether we associate the female principle with the Moon or with comets, we are associating it with inconstancy and backwardness. Comets wander, not obeying the laws that affect the rest of the solar system. They embody the effects of an ancient period, which Steiner called Old Moon (and in this sense comets and Moon become one and the same).  The realm of the female principle is thus fickle, unreliable, and backward — or, as a misogynist would say, just like a woman.
And yet Steiner credits the Earth Goddess with bringing us wisdom. How can this be? How can inconstancy go hand-in-hand with wisdom? Bear in mind that Steiner’s idea of wisdom entails clairvoyance, which can be considered a form of intuition. And we all know about women’s intuition. I’m being flippant, but in fact this concept is deeply embedded in Anthroposophy. According to Steiner, the female principle — associated with violating the laws of men and gods — is essential for the pursuit of wisdom. Eve broke the rules and we thus gained the knowledge of good and evil. Steiner’s version of this is the following:
So the female principle is intuitive, inconstant, emotional, and wise. The Woman may not think, but she feels, and thereby she comes to insight. We can summarize this in a sort of equation, which isn’t fully accurate but nonetheless suggestive: Woman = inconstant = backward = emotion = inwardness = soul = clairvoyance = wisdom = Sophia = Anthropo-Sophia. Indeed, Steiner taught that Anthroposophy is the embodiment of a spiritual being, a "person" (a goddess) who provides the wisdom of the Steiner movement.
Just as a growing child must eventually leave its mother, so Anthroposophy may grow to sever its ties with its mother (the bond will become "less and less as anthroposophy spreads"). The wisdom of Anthropo-Sophia will then exist within the hearts of multitudinous Anthroposophists, and thus spiritual maturity will be attained. Spiritual wisdom will become nearly universal.
So we wind up reconsidering wisdom, specifically the clairvoyant, womanish “wisdom” that Steiner offers us. Just how wise is this “wisdom”? How much knowledge does Steiner (or Anthropo-Sophia) actually extend to us? Consider the quotations we’ve been reading. How persuasive are they? How much evidence can you find in them? How many logical arguments do they lay out?  Look again at the quotation about the Moon, comets, and women. Steiner’s words make sense only if we accept the proposition that we and the Earth once evolved through an “Old Moon” phase. The concept is fascinating, perhaps, but what evidence does Steiner offer to support it? None — neither here nor anywhere else. He makes an assertion and then gallops ahead, leaving us breathless with admiration or confusion or skeptical revolt. We can take his word for things or not, but Steiner offers us nothing much except his own word. The closest he comes to buttressing his claims is by alluding to various occult teachings and myths and works of art, which he interprets as he pleases. According to him, everything that has ever been true can be found, properly explained, in his own ideas. The ancients were wise, and he is wiser; the ancients were right, and he is righter.
But there is another way to see this. Steiner gives us no real evidence, no real reasoning — and on this extremely flimsy basis he makes a vast number of extremely weird statements. This is not wisdom; it is ignorance. By piling his own teachings on top of the myths and delusions of ancient peoples, he merely piles ignorance on top of ignorance.
Is “ignorance” too strong a word to throw at Steiner?  Sadly, no. Steiner blundered over and over; his teachings contain any astonishing array of factual errors.  Steiner was quite knowledgeable about myths, legends, esotericism, occultism, and so on. He knew a lot about those bodies of misinformation — and he accepted them as the truth. But he knew very little about the real world; he generally rejected real knowledge out of hand. Science is wrong, he said over and over. It is “scientific trash” forked up by “scientific simpletons” with their and their “logical, pedantic, narrow-minded proof of things.” He deplored “primitive concepts like those...of contemporary science.”  But, quite clearly, science does not consist of "primitive concepts" — it offers us the most reliable, up-to-the-moment information available in our time. Primitive concepts — ancient, mystical, woolly, subjective, fantastical — reside in Steiner's own doctrines. 
The “wisdom” and “truth” of Anthropo-Sophia is an elaborately reworked farrago of fantasy and falsehood. It is what every sane person should walk away from — or run from, laughing or weeping, gladly or sorrowfully. Myths and mysticism have their charms, but they offer us no real knowledge. If we human beings are to evolve — as Steiner constantly said we must — then, surely, we must reject Steiner’s doctrines and those of every other false prophet. This is what our Earth Mother — if she existed — would want for us: true wisdom.
— Roger Rawlings
Representative Waldorf wet-on-wet paintings,
which — although the students are rarely told this —
are meant to evoke the spirit realm.
Waldorf art is usually "feminine,"
as Anthroposophists conceive things.
Intuitive, emotive "cognition" is basic to Anthroposophy.
[Waldorf student artwork
courtesy of People for Legal and Nonsectarian Schools.]
Steiner taught that girls are oriented to the cosmos
and boys are oriented to the Earth. Contrariwise, however,
he associated the male principle with the sky
and the female principle with the Earth.
[Drawing by a Waldorf student.]
A traditional image of the sky goddess.
[J. C. Cooper,
AN ILLUSTRATED ENCYCLOPEDIA OF TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS,
(Thames and Hudson, 1978), p. 155.
For more on Anthroposophical beliefs about gender differences,
Led by their teachers, students in the lower grades at Waldorf schools often recite graces before snacks and meals. Here's a grace that is widely used in Waldorf schools today:
Earth who gave to us this food:
Sun who made it ripe and good:
By you we live,
To you our loving thanks we give.*
— Prayer by Christian Morgenstern,
p. 38 of PRAYERS AND GRACES
(Floris Books, 1996), compiled by Michael Jones.
It's a sweet little prayer — a bit pagan, but sweet.
* Here's a variation that is sometimes substituted:
Mother Earth who gives to us this food,
Father Sun who makes it ripe and good,
Blessed Earth, Blessed Sun,
We’ll not forget what you have done.
In Anthroposophical lore, Father Sun is, in effect, the Sun God while Mother Earth is the Earth Goddess.
Here we see a Hindu image of androgyny: Ardanari-Iswara, standing on a lotus blossom. Steiner said the female principle has benefited mankind — the division into sexes was an advance. But our evolution requires moving beyond the backward female principle. Reconciling Steiner's various statements can be taxing. In general, Steiner taught, we evolve from uniformity to diversity and, ultimately, to a deeper uniformity. "Female" and "male" are stages, having a complex relationship.
Traditional images of Demeter, Persephone,
and the Virgin Mary from http://karenswhimsy.com/
Demeter farms — named for the ancient Greek goddess of grains and fertility — operate in accordance with Rudolf Steiner's biodynamic teachings. Demeter International is a certifying authority that verifies the bona fides of agricultural operations that claim to be biodynamic. See http://www.demeter.net/.
The Virgin Mary, as vaguely represented
in Walther Roggenkamp's
"And He Was Made Man".
ART INSPIRED BY RUDOLF STEINER
(Mercury Arts Publications, 1987), p. 112.
R.R. copy, 2010.]
Most Anthroposophical art is representational — it depicts various spiritual beings, conditions, or "truths." But even images that seem abstract may be considered representational, depicting the spirit realm as described by Steiner:
To visit other pages in this section of Waldorf Watch,
use the underlined links, below.
◊◊◊ 9. WALDORF AND RELIGION ◊◊◊
 For Steiner’s overview, see “Everything”.
 One particularly relevant example of universal esoteric agreement:
 E.g., “Zeus, Apollo, Mars, Wotan, Odin, Thor, who are all real beings....” — Rudolf Steiner, THE EAST IN THE LIGHT OF THE WEST (Kessinger, facsimile of 1942 edition), pp . 108-109. (Also published by Temple Lodge, 1993.)
“True” Christianity, according to Steiner, can be found in his own gnostic teachings, Anthroposophy.
 See “Gnosis”.
 He “corrected” almost everything he drew from, including the work of his Theosophical mentors such as Helena Blavatsky.
The primary accurate investigator he had in mind was, of course, himself.
 Rudolf Steiner, CHRISTIANITY AS MYSTICAL FACT (Rudolf Steiner Publications, 1961), chapter 5, GA 8.
By examining specific myths, we can see how Steiner interpreted ancient teachings. Much of his occult system hinges on such interpretations, so the effort is worthwhile. But it is an effort — the going can be rough. At any point, if you find Steiner’s language or thought processes turgid, feel free to skip ahead. I try to summarize frequently, so you won’t miss much if you bypass specific passages.
 Rudolf Steiner, ISIS MARY SOPHIA (SteinerBooks, 2003).
 ISIS MARY SOPHIA, p. 29 — Introduction by Christopher Bamford.
 Rudolf Steiner, THE RIDDLE OF HUMANITY (Rudolf Steiner Press, 1990), p. 29.
 Ibid., lecture 3.
 Rudolf Steiner, ISIS AND MADONNA (Mercury Press, 1987), a lecture, GA 57.
 Iacchos is the son of Jupiter and Persephone. He may be equivalent to Bacchus or Dionysus. See THE ENCYCLOPEDIC THEOSOPHICAL GLOSSARY http://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/etgloss/ia-iz.htm
In passing, it’s worth noticing that the parallels between various mother-of-god myths break down. Horus, for instance, did not die and then rise from the dead.
 Rudolf Steiner, MYSTERY KNOWLEDGE AND MYSTERY CENTRES (Rudolf Steiner Press, 1997), pp. 11-12.
 Rudolf Steiner, THE FOUR SEASONS AND THE ARCHANGELS (Rudolf Steiner Press, 1996), p. 26.
 Rudolf Steiner, THE FESTIVALS AND THEIR MEANING, Vol. 3 (Anthroposophical Publishing Co., 1958), lecture 3, GA 226.
 Rudolf Steiner, THE MYSTERIES: Rudolf Steiner's Writings of Spiritual Initiation (Floris Books, 1997), ed. Andrew Welburn, p. 86.
 Rudolf Steiner, THE GODDESS (Rudolf Steiner Press, 1996), p. 40.
We develop or come to know Sophia through the process of occult initiation, Steiner indicated. It is a matter of making one’s astral body (the second of our three nonphysical bodies) virginally pure.
 ISIS MARY SOPHIA, p. 49.
 Rudolf Steiner, HOW TO KNOW HIGHER WORLDS (Anthroposophic Press, 1994). This book is also available in an earlier translation as KNOWLEDGE OF THE HIGHER WORLDS AND ITS ATTAINMENT (Anthroposophic Press, 1944).
 See “Neutered Nature”.
 “As you know, we distinguish the Jews from the rest of the earth's population. The difference has arisen because the Jews have been brought up in the moon religion for centuries ... The Jews have a great gift for materialism, but little for recognition of the spiritual world.” — Rudolf Steiner, FROM BEETROOT TO BUDDHISM (Rudolf Steiner Press, 1999), p. 59.
 See “Steiner’s Racism”.
 The concept of an inconstant realm controlled by the inconstant Moon runs deep in our history. Here are two references focusing on the concept in our relatively recent past.
 Rudolf Steiner, CHRIST IMPULSE AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF EGO CONSCIOUSNESS (Anthroposophical Publishing Co., 1925; facsimile edition by Kessigner Publishing), p. 55.
 Ibid., p. 58.
 For information on the Old Moon, see “Steiner Static” here at Waldorf Watch.
 Rudolf Steiner, COSMIC MEMORY (Rudolf Steiner Publications, 1959), III, "Our Atlantean Ancestors".
 Rudolf Steiner, THE ANTHROPOSOPHIC MOVEMENT (Rudolf Steiner Press, 1993), lecture 7, GA 258.
Another notable passage:
 In chopping words out of various passages I have quoted, my goal is to make Steiner as comprehensible as possible. I have not suppressed any evidence or logic Steiner might have offered. You can check me easily by using the references I have given and reading the passages in full.
 We can attempt to develop clairvoyance to check out Steiner, but this would be a fool’s errand, in that clairvoyance does not exist. Can I prove that it doesn’t exist? No, one cannot prove a negative. But the onus is on Steiner and the other advocates of clairvoyance: Prove that it does exist. They haven’t, and almost certainly they never will. See "Clairvoyance" and “Inside Scoop”.
 See "Steiner's Blunders".
One tiny example. (I'm beating a dead horse, here. But we really need to examine Steiner's teachings closely, if we are to evaluate them rationally.) Think about those comets, which “wander” through space “regardless of the other laws of the Solar System.” Steiner’s statement bears no relation to reality. Comets do not wander; they orbit the Sun in regular, knowable, elongated elliptical orbits. Nor do comets defy the laws that control the other bodies in the solar system. They orbit the Sun in accordance with precisely the same laws of orbital mechanics that apply to everything else that orbits the Sun (and, probably, everything that orbits anything anywhere in the universe).
 See “Steiner’s 'Science'”. Steiner called his own teachings "spiritual science" — he claimed that he objectively, "scientifically" described the spirit realm. He also claimed, sometimes, that ordinary science (i.e., real science) would eventually confirm his teachings. This has not happened, however. Indeed, as we gain more and more scientific knowledge, Steiner's teachings become less and less credible. [See, e.g., "Millennium".]
 See, e.g., "The Ancients".