The Science

Thousands of peer-reviewed, published studies indicate great biological harm from radiofrequency (RF) radiation and electromagnetic fields (EMFs). The following describes identified mechanisms of harm as well as the biological effects.

  • Peroxynitrite creates particularly harmful free radicals that attack many our bodies' systems. Electromagnetic fields and radiofrequency radiation have been shown to cause the development of peroxynitrite (ONOO), a reaction of nitrogen monoxide (No) with superoxide (o2). As the Austrian Medical Association reports, due to its relatively long half-life, peroxynitrite damages a large number of essential metabolic processes and cell components:
  • In this 16-minute lecture, Dr. Martin Pall explains how this damages our cells:

  • Much of the earlier science focused on cell phones as that was the first wide-scale consumer product emitting wireless radiation. Dr. Martin Pall's 2018 paper, "Wi-Fi is an important threat to human health,"  summarizes studies of the biological harm from wi-fi:
  • With gratitude to the Environmental Health Trust, the following provides wi-fi research abstracts indicating evidence of harm:

NIH Studies
  • A search on the National Institutes of Health PubMed database returns more than 3,000 world-wide studies on "Electromagnetic Fields/adverse effects" over the last 50 years.  The most recent studies appear first: 

Prevalence of Harm

A common question by legislators and others joining the EMF/RF conversation is, "How prevalent is the harm?"

Autism, Alzheimer's, Diabetes, Depression, Anxiety and More
  • Root Cause in the Dramatic Rise of Chronic Disease, by Rich Lear shows the national cost of the 40 fastest-growing chronic illnesses in the U.S. The report links chronic illness to the free-radical peroxynitrite from environmental toxins, at a conservatively estimated cost of $2.5 trillion per year in the U.S. 
  • Dr. Martin Pall's work shows wireless radiation causes peroxynitrite. In this 16-minute lecture, Dr. Martin Pall explains what electromagnetic radiation is doing to our bodies and why it is causing illness:
  • Cancer registries are typically five years behind, and while overall cancer cases aren't rising as they once did, the following show dramatic growth in cancers where cell phones and wireless devices are used/stored on the body or where there are heavy cell tower emissions:
  • India is reporting an increase in brain tumors, including among children:
  • The incidence of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the deadliest type of brain tumor, more than doubled in England between 1995 and 2015:
  • In the U.S. the American Cancer Society reports a sharp rise in colon cancer and rectal cancer among young adults

  • The Environmental Health Trust also indicates Cell Phone Radiation Associated Brain Tumor Rates Are Rising: Scientific Documentation:

  • Sperm counts are dropping rapidly in countries that have heavily adopted wireless technology. Sperm counts are down 50% in the U.S. and infertility rates are skyrocketing. The studies show wireless radiation causes sperm DNA damage, slower motility and fewer viable sperm -- in just four hours of laptop radiation exposure.
This is a clear threat to survival of the human species:

Urgency for Action

Dr. Pall's current paper, "5G: Great risk for EU, U.S. and International Health! Compelling Evidence for
Eight Distinct Types of Great Harm Caused by Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Exposures and the Mechanism that Causes Them" indicates much of the damage we are unwittingly doing to ourselves with wireless radiation is cumulative so it is urgent that we educate the public on safer ways to use current technology now and stop the industry from exposing us further.

The scientific review in Dr. Pall's paper indicates some of the damage may already be irreversible so it is imperative that we act now to stop 5G and the Internet of Things, and immediately put safety guidelines in place for existing wireless technology (cell towers, utility "smart" meters, cell phones, routers, baby monitors, gaming devices and other personal devices).

The European Academy of Environmental Medicine provides Dr. Pall's paper here:

German Hospital Database

The EMF-Portal is a project of the femu working group of the Institute and Out-patient Clinic of Occupational Medicine of the University Hospital RWTH Aachen.  It systematically summarizes scientific research data on the effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) of radiationboth low-frequency (house electricity) and Radio-Frequencies (wireless).

The database now includes more than 26,000 studies; when we finally took action to protect the populace from lead, we had @ 10,000 studies:

The BioInitiative Report: 2007

In 2007, world experts convened to assess data available to date and published a report of findings and recommendations for public health.  Here's the Purpose of the 2007 BioInitiative Report:

This report has been written by 14 (fourteen) scientists, public health and public policy
experts to document the scientific evidence on electromagnetic fields. Another dozen
outside reviewers have looked at and refined the Report.

The purpose of this report is to assess scientific evidence on health impacts from
electromagnetic radiation below current public exposure limits and evaluate what changes
in these limits are warranted now to reduce possible public health risks in the future.
Not everything is known yet about this subject; but what is clear is that the existing public
safety standards limiting these radiation levels in nearly every country of the world look to
be thousands of times too lenient. Changes are needed.

New approaches are needed to educate decision-makers and the public about sources of
exposure and to find alternatives that do not pose the same level of possible health risks,
while there is still time to make changes.

Their findings back then included:

The effects of long-term exposure to wireless technologies including emissions from cell phones and other personal devices, and from whole-body exposure to RF transmissions from cell towers and antennas is simply not known yet with certainty. However, the body of evidence at hand suggests that bioeffects and health impacts can and do occur at exquisitely low exposure levels: levels that can be thousands of times below public safety limits.

The report goes on to implicate wi-fi radiation in brain tumors, childhood leukemia, and possibly other cancers and neurological diseases.  Children were noted to be particularly vulnerable:

These effects can reasonably be presumed to result in adverse health effects and disease with chronic and uncontrolled exposures, and children may be particularly vulnerable. The young are also largely unable to remove themselves from such environments. Second-hand radiation, like second-hand smoke is an issue of public health concern based on the evidence at hand.

This was enough for some governments to revise their public safety standards, but not the U.S.  We took a wait-and-see approach and kept our 1996 standards. See the World Response page to understand how other countries have responded. The BioInitiative Report was published in 2009 in a special issue of Pathophysiology.

The BioInitiative Report: 2012

Much more research was then done to clear up the suspicions reported in 2007, and a new world-wide 2012 BioInitiative Report was issued concluding:

Overall, these 1800 or so new studies report abnormal gene transcription (Section 5); genotoxicity and single-and double-strand DNA damage (Section 6); stress proteins because of the fractal RF-antenna like nature of DNA (Section 7); chromatin condensation and loss of DNA repair capacity in human stem cells (Sections 6 and 15); reduction in free-radical scavengers - particularly melatonin (Sections 5, 9, 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17); neurotoxicity in humans and animals (Section 9), carcinogenicity in humans (Sections 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17); serious impacts on human and animal sperm morphology and function (Section 18); effects on offspring behavior (Section 18, 19 and 20); and effects on brain and cranial bone development in the offspring of animals that are exposed to cell phone radiation during pregnancy (Sections 5 and 18).


Bioeffects are clearly established and occur at very low levels of exposure to electromagnetic fields and radiofrequency radiation. Bioeffects can occur in the first few minutes at levels associated with cell and cordless phone use.  Bioeffects can also occur from just minutes of exposure to mobile phone masts (cell towers), WI-FI, and wireless utility ‘smart’ meters that produce whole-body exposure. Chronic base station level exposures can result in illness.

Additional Information
  • This document shows where cellular and wireless technologies fall on the electromagnetic spectrum as non-ionizing microwaves:

  • Environment and Human Health, Inc. (EHHI) released a 2012 report calling for tougher standards to regulate cellular technologies—especially for children and pregnant women. John Wargo, Ph.D., professor of Environmental Risk and Policy at Yale University is the lead author of the report based on peer reviewed studies:
  • The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) also provides information to help understand the health effects of radiation:
  • This link summarizes 34 scientific studies indicating adverse health effects from wi-fi:
  • Dr. Mikko Ahonen, research scientist from Finland, shares a presentation on the need to change current FCC and ICNIRP standards to protect the public:

  • In this article, Dr. Andrew Goldsworthy explains the links between electromagnetic radiation, obesity and chronic fatigue, and, the effect of electromagnetic radiation on the body's brain, respiratory and skin barriers:

  • Feel free to do your own research.  To screen out older information and identify latest findings, include the current year in web searches.  For example, "EMF dangers study 2013" returned 2,540,000 results.  Many of these sources will be journalists and concerned citizens reporting on scientific findings, but research papers and government websites will be included too.  Be mindful of who is presenting the information you read, and who the financiers are of certain studies.  There will be industry detractors aiming to discredit the science or persuade you to believe this radiation is safe to use to continue to make a profit.  See the Doubts page for additional information.
  • See the Solutions page for suggestions on risk reduction.

Note: The information provided here is publicly available on the Internet. 
It is intended to provide a starting point to inform you of EMF dangers. 
Please do your own research, draw your own conclusions, and act accordingly to protect those you love.