The term 'Bedouin the Arabic language refers to one who lives out in the open, in the desert. The Arabic word 'Badawi',is a generic name for a desert-dweller and the English word ‘Bedouin’ is the derived from this,in ancient times, most people settled near rivers but the Bedouin people preferred to live in the open desert. Bedouins mainly live in the Arab Peninsula and there are Bedouin communities in many countries, including south Israel, Jordan, Egypt ,syria Yemen and Iraq in the Middle East and Morocco, Sudan, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya in North Africa. Altogether, the Bedouin population numbers about 100 million.
The Bedouins are seen as Arab culture’s purest representatives and the Bedouins continue to be hailed by other Arabs as “ideal” Arabs, especially because of their rich oral poetic tradition, their herding lifestyle and their traditional code of honour.
and Bedouins are distinct from other Arab the in city, because of their extensive kinship networks, which provide them with community support and the basic necessities for survival,lifestyles for them, language, social structures and culture and Bedouins live as their forefathers did with camel , and from goat hair they made tents, and raising livestock, hunting, the Bedouins have different facial features by which they can be distinguished from other Arab's in a city ,and also they generally dress differently, and Bedouins have a rich culture and their own Arabic ‘Bedawi’ language, which has different dialects depending on the area where the live,becouse the purity of blood of them, and way of life above all noble ancestry. They often trace their lineage back to the times of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)