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On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 27 th
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1862 - Edward Porter Alexander, 1st Confederate balloonist, in the "Silk Dress" balloon observed Battle of Gaines Mill, ascending several times and returning with valuable intelligence regarding the position of the Union Army, the only successful Confederate observation of the Civil War.

1892 - Birth of André Julien Chainat, French WWI flying ace.

1894 - Birth of Percival Ewart Appleby, Canadian WWI flying ace

1896 - Birth of Leslie Archibald Powell, British WWI fighter ace

1897 - Birth of Philip Fletcher Fullard, British WWI fighter ace who served until the end of WWII

1899 - Birth of Juan Terry Trippe, American airline entrepreneur and pioneer, and the founder of Pan American World Airways

1903 - Aida de Acosta Root Breckinridge, at the age of 19, charmed Brazilian pioneer aviator Alberto Santos-Dumont into showing her how to operate his personal dirigible, “No. 9”.  flew Santos-Dumont’s aircraft solo from Paris to Château de Bagatelle while Santos-Dumont rode his bicycle along below, waving his arms and shouting advice. 1st woman to pilot any kind of motorized aircraft.

1911 - Lincoln J. Beachey flies his Curtiss pusher biplane over Horseshoe Falls, the most spectacular of the Niagara Falls.

1912 - Following successes using aircraft against the Turks in North Africa, Italy forms a specialised Air Battalion (Battagliore Aviatori).

1914 - Lincoln Beachey completes the 1st loop-the-loop and inverted flying in Canada during an exhibition at Maisonneuve Park in Montréal.

1916 – Fokker's chief designer and test pilot Martin Kreutzer takes a Fokker D.I for test flight, but when he kicks rudder hard over, it jams and he is severely injured in subsequent crash, dying in hospital the next day.

1917 - Death of Karl Allmenröder,German WWI flying ace, killed in action.

1918 - 1st pilot to successfully deploy a parachute in combat : Helmut Steinbrecher, German WWI flying ace is shot down in his Pfalz D.III by british Edward Barfoot Drake and safely bails out.

1923 - 1st mid-air refueling between two planes occurred between two Airco DH-4B biplanes of the United States Army Air Service.

1926 - Brothers Ludovic and Paul Arrachart land back at le Bourget from Bassorah in the Potez 28/2 (french Biplane twin seat raid aircraft), setting a world straight distance record of over 4300 km.

1927 - 1st flight of the Vickers Vivid, british Prototype Biplane single-engined.aircraft

1930 - 1st flight of the SAB DB-80, French high wing monoplane Single engined 2 seat mailplane prototype.

1930 - Canadian Airways Ltd., formerly Western Canada Airways, is incorporated.

1935 - US Coast Guard Lieutenant Richard L. Burke sets a world seaplane altitude record of 5,449.050 metres (17,877.46 ft) carrying a 500-kg (1,102-lb) load, flying a Grumman JF-2 Duck.

1936 - Death of Vincenzo Magliocco, Italian WWI and Italo-Abyssinian War pilot, Brigadier General of the Regia Aeronautica, along with Antonio Locatelli, Italian WWI and Italo-Abyssinian War pilot, both killed during a reconnaissance mission.

1936 - 1st flight of The Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior, more commonly known as the Lockheed 12 or L-12, eight-seat, six-passenger all-metal twin-engine transport aircraft

1937 - Birth of Joseph Percival Allen, NASA astronaut

1939 - Hiromichi Shinohara, (the Richtofen of the Orient) highest-scoring fighter ace of the Imperial Japanese Army Air Service, downs 11 planes on a single day while flying a Nakajima Ki-27 during an air battle over Tamsak-Bulak.

1939 - 1st flight of the Dewoitine D.770, prototype French twin-engined attack aircraft.

1940 - Death of James William Elias "Jimmy" Davies, 1st American-born airman to die in WWII. Shot down in his Hurricane over the English channel by a BF-109.

1941 - Death of Leonid Illarionovich Ivanov, Soviet WWII flying ace who also served during the Russian-Finnish war, ramming his Polikarpov I-153 in a Bf-109.

1941 - 1st flight of The Douglas XB-19 , US prototype bomber aircraft designed to test the flight characteristics and design techniques associated with giant bombers. 

1947 - 1st flight of The Tupolev Tu-12 (development designation Tu-77), Soviet jet-powered medium bomber.

1948 - Birth of Julie E. Clark, American aerobatic air show pilot and former commercial airline pilot,  one of the 1st female pilots to work for a major airline (Golden West Airlines).

1950 - USAF B-29 Superfortresses of the 19th Bombardment Group attack Seoul railway station and the bridge over the Han River in the 1st strategic bombing mission of the war.

1950 - A USAF F-82 Twin Mustang from 68th Fighter Squadron shoots down a North Korean Air Force Yak-11, the 1st air-to-air kill of the Korean War.

1950 - 1st flight of the FMA I.A.33 Pulqui II, argentinian prototype swept wing jet fighter designed by Kurt tank (Designer of the famous FW-190).

1951 - Birth of Sidney McNeill "Sid" Gutierrez , USAF test pilot and NASA astronaut.

1952 - 1st flight of the Bell X-2, American research aircraft built to investigate flight characteristics in the Mach 2-3 range, launched from a B-50 Bomber for a Glide test.

1956 - Birth of Sultan bin Salman bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, Royal Saudi Air Force pilot, grandson of King Ibn Saud and the only Saudi citizen to travel in space. Also the 1st Arab, the 1st Muslim, and the 1st member of royalty in space.

1959 - 1st flight of the de Havilland DH 106 Comet version 4B, british commercial jet airliner.

1963 - 1st flight of The Bell 207 Sioux Scout , experimental helicopter gunship design. The Sioux Scout featured a tandem cockpit, stub wings, and a chin-mounted gun turret.

1967 - Death of Jerzy Bajan, prominent Polish sports and military aviator, winner of the Challenge 1934 contest.

1968 - 1st flight of the Aerospatiale SA.316B "Alouette III", principal production version of the french single-engine, light utility helicopter.

1969 - 1st flight of The Interceptor 400, turboprop-powered single-engined light aircraft developed from the Aero Commander 200.

1976 - Death of Rear Admiral Clarence Wade McClusky, Jr., US Navy aviator during WWII. He is credited with playing a major part in the Battle of Midway

1976 – Air France Flight 139 Airbus A300B4-203 (Tel Aviv-Athens-Paris) is hijacked en route to Paris by the PLO and redirected to Entebbe, Uganda.

1977 - 1st flight of The CASA C-101 Aviojet, Spanish low-wing single engine jet-powered advanced trainer and light attack aircraft.

1978 - Launch of Soyuz 30, manned Soviet space flight to the Salyut 6 space station. On board was Miroslaw Hermaszewski, 1st Polish cosmonaut,

1978 - Launch of SEASAT, 1st Earth-orbiting satellite designed by NASA for remote sensing of the Earth's oceans with on board the 1st spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR). 

1979 - Israeli Air Force F-15 Eagles shoot down 4 Syrian Air Force Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21s

1980 - Death of  Walter Robert Dornberger, German Army artillery officer whose career spanned WWI and WWII, leader of Germany's V-2 rocket program and other projects at the Peenemünde Army Research Center.

1980 - Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870 McDonnell Douglas DC-9-15, suffered an in-flight explosion and  crashed into the Tyrrhenian Sea near the island of Ustica . All 81 people on board were killed 

1982 - A de Havilland Canada Dash 7 aircraft lands on Heron Quays, in the nearby West India Docks, in order to demonstrate the feasibility of the STOLport project for the London City Airport.

1982 - Launch of STS-4, NASA Space Shuttle mission, using the Space Shuttle Columbia.

1983 - Launch of Soyuz T-9,Soviet space mission to Salyut 7 station.

1983 - Death of Max Leroy Anderson, American hot air balloonist and businessman. In fear of straying across the border of East Germany or Czechoslovakia in his balloon, he attempted to release the gondola from the envelope at touchdown but a gust re-lofted the vehicle at the same time. He was killed in the fall.

1985 - Death of Frederick Stanley "Freddie" Gordon, New Zealand WWI flying ace

1987 - Philippine Airlines Flight 206 Hawker Siddeley HS 748 crashed onto a mountain in poor weather (monsoon was also reported in the area) en route to Baguio City, killing all 50 persons on board.

1995 - Launch of STS-71 with space shuttle Atlantis towards russian station MIR.

2000 - Death of Rudolf Božík, Slovak WWII flying ace who served on the Eastern front with the Axis Forces until The Slovak National Uprising (armed insurrection organized by the Slovak resistance movement during WWII).

2000 - 1st flight of the Embraer ERJ 140, brazilian business jet, derivated from the ERJ 145 with a shortened fuselage.

2003 - Air France's final Concorde flight took place to Toulouse.

2005 - Death of John Thomas Walton , decorated US war veteran and a son of Walmart founder Sam Walton. His CGS Hawk Arrow homebuilt aircraft (registered as an "experimental aircraft" under FAA regulations) that he was piloting crashed in Jackson, Wyoming. 

2005 - Death of Raymond Towers "Ray" Holmes, British fighter pilot who was feted by the press as a war hero who saved Buckingham Palace from being severely damaged by German bombing during the Battle of Britain.