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AUG24

On This Day in Aviation History AUGUST 24 th
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1875 - Birth of Édouard de Nié Port, French aircraft designer and pilot, co-founder with his brother Charles of the eponymous Nieuport aircraft manufacturing company, Société Anonyme Des Établissements Nieuport.

1888 - Birth of  Valentine Henry Baker, British officer who served in all 3 British Armed Forces during WWI. He later became a civilian flight instructor, and co-founded of Martin-Baker Aircraft Company.

1890 - Birth of Albert Louis Deullin, French WWI fighter ace and test pilot.

1891 - Birth of Ludwik Idzikowski, Polish WWI military aviator and raid aviator.

1893 - Birth of Günther Schuster, German WWI flying ace, test pilot, airliner pilot, instructor and WWII fighter pilot.

1893 - Birth of Reginald Rhys Soar, British WWI flying ace

1894 - Birth of Hugh William Lumsden "Dingbat" Saunders, South African WWI fighter ace, RAF high ranking officer during and post WWII.

1895 - Birth of Guido Masiero, Italian WWI flying ace who served during the Ethiopian Campaign and the SPanish civil war (as "Guido Magoni"), raid pilot, and WWII test pilot.

1899 - Birth of Max Näther, German WWI fighter ace, probably the youngest German Ace in WWI.

1900 - Birth of John Charles Waldron, WWII US Navy aviator. 

1910 - Birth of Wladyslaw Gnys, Polish WWII flying ace and probably the 1st Allied victor in aerial combat in WWII.

1913 - Birth of William Louis Buchanan Walker, British WWII fighter pilot and poet (Our Wall) who was the oldest surviving pilot from the Battle of Britain.

1914 - Captain H.C. Jackson and Lieutenant E.L. Conran of No.3 Squadron made the 1st British bombing attack while flying over Lessines at 1130hrs. They aimed a single bomb at three German aircraft on the ground. It exploded wide of the mark.

1917 - Death of Ernesto Fogola, Italian WWI pilot, during a bombing mission over Hudajuzna.

1918 - Death of Konrad Schwartz, German WWI flying ace, from wounds in a POW camp.

1918 - Death of Louis Bennett, Jr., American WWI flying ace and balloon buster, hit by ground fire in his S.E.5a.

1918 - Death of Lloyd Andrews Hamilton, American WWI flying ace, killed in his Sopwith Camel by defensive fire from ground forces just after having shot down an observation balloon.

1918 - Death of Edgar Taylor, American WWI flying ace, killed by ground fire in his Sopwith Dolphin.

1918 - U.S Army Maj. William R. Ream becomes the 1st flight surgeon to die in an aircraft accident, at the Effingham, Illinois airport, out of Chanute Field, Illinois, when his aircraft stalls/spins and crashes

1922 – Captain Norman MacMillan and cine-photographer Geoffrey Malins are rescued from the Bay of Bengal when their round-the-world attempt in a civilianised Fairey IIIC is thwarted by engine failure.

1924 - 1st flight of the FBA 19, French 3 seat conventional biplane flying boat bomber with open cockpits.

1924 - Birth of Walter P. Jones, American Test pilot.

1925 - 1st flight of The Supermarine S.4, British single-engined single-seat monoplane racing seaplane prototype built to compete in the Schneider Trophy.

1930 - 1st flight of the Latécoère 38.0, French Mail plane twin engine in tandem parasol-wing flying-boat

1932 – Amelia Earhart takes off with her Lockheed Vega 5B from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey for a non-stop flight across the US.

1933 - 1st flight of The Blackburn Shark, British carrier-borne torpedo-spotter-reconnaissance biplane aircraft. 

1935 - Death of Sebastiano Bedendo, Italian WWI flying ace, Engineer and record setter, Killed in a crash when his Nuvoli N.5-Cab light aircraft lost a wing in flight.

1939 - The RAF Advanced Air Striking Force (AASF) is formed. Initially consisting of 10 squadrons of Fairey Battle bombers, its mission is to deploy to France in the event of war with Germany and strike targets in Germany from French bases.

1939 - RAF Coastal Command squadrons begin to fly regular North Sea reconnaissance patrols.

1940 - Death of Karl Waldemar Ritscherle, German WWI flying ace, Killed in action in his Heinkel He-111 during WWII.

1940 - During the night Luftwaffe aircraft of Kampfgeschwader 1 (KG1) erroneously makes the 1st bombing attack on London due to a navigational error.

1940 - 1st RAF bombing over Berlin. 

1942 - Beginning of the Battle of the Eastern Solomons (also known as the Battle of the Stewart Islands), 3rd carrier battle of the Pacific campaign of WWII and the second major engagement fought between the US Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy during the Guadalcanal Campaign.

1942 - A specially converted Supermarine Spitfire Vc operating from Alexandria in Egypt manages to successfully intercept a Junkers Ju86P-2 high altitude reconnaissance aircraft. This is the 1st success against these very high flying aircraft. The combat takes place at 12,800 metres (42,000 feet), even though the British fighter pilot has no pressurised protection against operating at that extreme height.

1943 - P/O DF McRae and crew, flying a Vickers Wellington of No. 179 (RAF) Squadron, sank the German submarine U-134. 

1943 - Death of Ettore Muti, Italian aviator and Fascist politician.

1944 - Birth of Gregory Bruce Jarvis, American engineer and NASA astronaut.

1944 - Death of Carlo Emanuele Buscaglia, Famous Italian WWII pilot. Died from injuries after having crashed his Martin Baltimore the day before.

1944 – Goodwood III, 3rd airstrike of Operation Goodwood and most successful Goodwood raid: Fairey Barracudas attack Tirpitz, hitting her with a 500-lb (227-kg) bomb and a 1,600-lb (726-kg) bomb. The latter penetrates the armored deck and could have caused extensive damage or sunk the ship, but fails to explode.

1945 - 1st flight of The Loire-Nieuport LN.42, French-built dive bomber aircraft, evolution of the LN.401 and 402.

1946 - Birth of Richard Noel "Dick" Richards, USN pilot and NASA astronaut.

1949 - Death of John William Dunne, Anglo-Irish aeronautical engineer and author who worked on many early military aircraft, concentrating on tailless designs.

1949 - Woody Jongeward and Bob Woodhouse take off in an Aeronca 15AC Sedan 'City of Yuma' for a new endurance record around Yuma.

1949 - Birth of Anna Lee Tingle Fisher (née Sims), American chemist and NASA astronaut.

1950 - Alfred William "Bill" Bedford broke the British distance record by flying 310 km in 3:50 hr flying an Eon Olympia glider.

1951 - 1st flight of the Fouga CM-88R 'Gémeaux' III, French experimental unusual engine test-bed aircraft, (2 aircrafts joined by a common wing).

1951 - United Airlines Flight 615 Douglas DC-6B  crashed on approach into mountainous terrain 15 miles (24 km) southeast of Oakland, careening into Tolman Peak and over its knoll, scattering on the downslope and into Dry Gulch Canyon below in a fiery explosion. All 50 persons on board perished.

1954 - A Piasecki H-21C known as Amblin' Annie became the 1st helicopter to cross the US nonstop with the assistance of in-flight refueling provided by a U.S. Army U-1A Otter.

1960 - Birth of Franz Artur Viehböck, Austrian electrical engineer, Austria's 1st Cosmonaut.

1960 - Birth of Steven Wayne Lindsey, USAF test pilot and NASA astronaut.

1962 - Birth of Mary Ellen Weber, American engineer and NASA astronaut.

1964 - Birth of Salizhan Shakirovich Sharipov, Russian air force pilot and 1st Kyrgyz cosmonaut.

1965 - USMC Lockheed KC-130F Hercules veered off runway on take-off from Kai Tak Airport, Hong Kong and hit a seawall, crashing into the sea, killing 59 over 71.

1965 - Death of Orvil Arson Anderson, American pioneer balloonist.

1970 - After a start from Eglin Air Force Base in Ft. Walton Beach, FLA, the 1st Trans-Pacific Helicopter Flight is completed by 2 Sikorsky HH-53C refueled in the air during the 14-hour,1,500 mile transpacific leg from Shemya Air Force Station in Alaska’s Aleutian Islands to Misawa Air Base, Japan., before being delivered to Da Nang Air Force Base, Vietnam.

1970 - 1st flight of the Aero-Spacelines B-377-SGT Super Guppy Turbine, evolution of the wide-bodied cargo aircraft.

1971 - 1st flight of The Lockspeiser LDA-01 (Land Development Aircraft), British seven-tenths scale research and development aircraft, which was designed and built to prove a concept for a low-cost utility transport.

1972 - 1st flight of the  2nd prototype Aero-Spacelines B-377-SGT Super Guppy Turbine.

1974 - Death of Alexander Nikolaievich Prokofiev de Seversky, Russian-American aviation pioneer, WWI Flying ace, inventor, and influential advocate of strategic air power.

1976 - Soyuz 21,  Soviet manned mission to the Salyut 5 space station, is back on earth.

1977 - Death of François Marie Noel Battesti, French WWI flying ace

1977 - 1st flight of The Learjet 28 , American 8 to 10 seat (2 crew and 6 to 8 passengers), twin-engined, high speed business jet.

1979 - Death of Hanna Reitsch, German aviator and the only woman awarded the Iron Cross 1st Class and the Luftwaffe Combined Pilots-Observation Badge in Gold with Diamonds during WWII. 1st woman to fly a helicopter, a rocket plane, and a jet fighter. She held many records aviation altitude and endurance and several gliding records.

1980 - Death of Jean Andre Pezon, French WWI flying ace who served in WWII.

1983 - A Canadair Challenger 601 business jet arrives at London from Calgary, setting a world distance record for a business jet, at 4,364.2 miles (6,982 km).

1992 - Death of George Jones, Australian WWI flying ace and RAAF high ranking officer during and post WWII.

1998 – Myanma Airways Flight 635 Fokker F-27 Friendship crashed into a 500-foot (152-m) hill two miles (3.2 km) on approach to Tachilek Airport, killing all 36.

2001 – Air Transat Flight 236 Airbus A330-243 runs out of fuel over the Atlantic Ocean (en route to Lisbon from Toronto) and makes an emergency landing in the Azores after a nearly 20 minutes glide.

2004 - Volga-Avia Express Flight 1303 Tupolev TU-134A-3 and Siberia Airlines Flight 1047 Tupolev TU-154B2 explode south of Domodedovo International Airport in Moscow. The Russian government declares the explosions to have been caused by Chechen terrorists.

2006 - Death of Manuel Aguirre López, Spanish republican flying ace during the Spanish war.

2008 - Iran Aseman Airlines Flight 6895 Boeing 737-219 Advanced crashed approximately 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from while returning to  Manas International Airport (Kyrgyzstan) after experiencing technical difficulties, killing 68 over 90.

2010 - Henan Airlines Flight 8387 Embraer E-190 crashed on approach to Yichun Lindu China, with 91 passengers and 5 crew members on board, killing 42.

2010 - Agni Air Flight 101 ornier Do 228-101 crashes near Shikharpur, Nepal, due to a combination of severe weather and mechanical problems, killing all 14 people on board.

2010 - Sama LelTayaran Company Limited, operating as Sama, Saudi low-cost airline, ceases operations.