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On This Day in Aviation History February 13 th
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1863 - Birth of (Lewis) Rodman Wanamaker, pioneer in sponsoring record-breaking aviation projects and in particular and especially an important early backer of transatlantic flight development.

1893 - Birth of Franz Brandt, German WWI flying ace.

1893 - Birth of Campbell Alexander Hoy, British WWI flying ace, And RAF officer until end of WWII

1893 - Birth of Stearne Tighe Edwards, Canadian WWI fighter ace

1895 - Birth of Arturo Ferrarin, Italian raid pilot.

1895 - Birth of Jaime Gonzáles Grocier, Early cuban aviator.

1898 - Birth of Edward Barfort Drake, British WWI flying ace

1903 - Birth of Georgy Mikhailovich Beriev, founder of Soviet Union's Beriev Design Bureau which concentrated on amphibious aircraft.

1903 - Birth of Charles William Anderson Scott, British aviator.

1912 - Birth of Giovanni Battista Boscutti, WWII italian pilot.

1913 - Birth of Adriano 'Arrighi' Mantelli, Spanish war italian fighter ace, Glider record breaker and aircraft designer.

1913 - At the 2nd British Aero Show in London, the world's 1st airplane specifically designed to carry a gun, 37-mm cannon on biplane, is displayed for the 1st time. Called Destroyer and built by Vickers, Sons & Maxim, it is officially called the Experimental Fighting Biplane No.1 (E.F.B.1).

1917 - USMC pilot Francis Thomas Evans, Sr. becomes the 1st person ever to loop a seaplane, with a Curtiss N-9 over the Gulf of Mexico off Pensacola, Florida.

1918 - Birth of Junichi Sasai, Japanese Navy WWII fighter ace

1923 - Birth of Charles Elwood "Chuck" Yeager, WWII and Korean war pilot, major general in the USAF and noted test pilot. 1st pilot to travel faster than sound.

1928 - The sole Blackburn Turcock, British single-seat single-engine biplane fighter prototype, is destroyed in a crash.

1930 - Death of Karl Odebrett, German WWI fighter ace

1937 - Birth of Sigmund Werner Paul Jähn, German pilot and 1st German to fly in space as part of the Soviet Union's Intercosmos program.

1939 - Birth of Valery Ilyich Rozhdestvensky Soviet Navy Engineer and Cosmonaut.

1942 - Birth of Captain Donald Edward Williams, NASA astronaut and test pilot.

1944 - Death of Nobuo Ogiya, Japanese WWII fighter ace, killed in action

1945 - Beginning of The Bombing of Dresden. In four raids, 1,300 heavy bombers dropped more than 3,900 tons of high-explosive bombs and incendiary devices on the city, the Baroque capital of the German state of Saxony. The resulting firestorm destroyed 15 square miles (39 square kilometres) of the city centre.

1947 - BOAC Douglas C-47A operating a scheduled international flight from London Heathrow to West Africa, crashed whilst attempting to land at Lympne Airport. Poor weather caused the aircraft to attempt to divert. After attempts to land at a number of French airports, the pilot decided to return to the UK as he was running short of fuel.

1950 - 1st flight of production series Douglas F3D Skyknight, (later F-10 Skyknight) US twin-engine, midwing jet fighter aircraft

1955 - Sabena flight 503 Douglas DC-6 crashed into the slope of Monte Terminillo on approach to Ciampino, Italy, after pilots lost orientation, Killing all 29.

1957 - Death of Richard "Ricardo" Wenzl, German WWI flying ace

1961 - 1st flight of the Mirage III O, French supersonic fighter aircraft designed for Australian specifications.

1964 - Birth of Stephen Gerard Bowen, US Navy submariner and a NASA astronaut

1969 - Death of Florence Mary Taylor(born Parsons), 1st qualified female architect, 1st woman to train as an engineer in Australia and 1st woman in Australia to fly in a heavier-than-air craft

1972 - The Soviet Union has started to use Cuba as a base from which to spy on the US. The 1st mission is flown by two Soviet Tu-95, which surveys part of the east coast.

1991 - 1st flight of The Emivest SJ30-1, American business jet.

2002 - SkyEurope Airlines, Slovak low-cost airline, begins operations.

2007 - Death of Air Marshal Sir Richard (Dickie) Gordon Wakeford, officer in the Royal Air Force for 36 years, from 1941 to 1977. Beginning as a pilot of flying boats with Coastal Command, he became a flying instructor, and commanded the Queen's Flight.

2012 - Launch of GOLIAT, 1st artificial satellite developed in Romania, designed to carry out micrometeorite flux measurements, cosmic radiation flux measurements at LEO and Earth surface imaging via a 3 megapixel camera.