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JUNE21

On This Day in Aviation History JUNE 21 st
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1883 - Birth of Giuseppe Miraglia, Italian Navy officer and WWI pilot.

1890 - Birth of Lewis Hyde Brereton, American military aviation pioneer and lieutenant general in the USAF. WWI pilot, he  was one of the few senior U.S. commanders in WWII who served in combat theaters continuously from the attack on Pearl Harbor to the German surrender, and he saw action in more theaters than any other senior officer

1894 - Birth of Pierre Pendaries, French WWI flying ace

1907 - Romanian Trajan Vuia makes a flight in Paris of almost 66 feet, at a height of 16 feet, in his 2nd machine which has a 24-hp Antoinette engine running on carbonic acid and has its wheels fitted with shock absorbers

1908 - A suffragette uses a dirigible (steerable airship) to drop leaflets on the House of Commons in London.

1908 - 1st flight of the Aerial Experiment Association's (AEA) promising June Bug biplane, their 3rd machine, takes place in New York State. It has a 40-hp air-cooled Curtiss engine. 

1910 - Birth of Chow Ting-Fong, Chinese Sino-Japanese War flying ace.

1912 - Birth of Kazimierz Leski, nom de guerre Bradl, Polish engineer, co-designer of Polish submarines ORP Sep and ORP Orzel, a fighter pilot, and an officer of the World War II Home Army's intelligence and counter-intelligence. He is credited, during WWII, with at least 25 journeys across German-held Europe, usually in the uniform of a Wehrmacht Major General.

1913 - Georgia 'Tiny' Broadwick becomes the 1st woman to parachute from an airplane and the 1st woman to parachute into water, jumping from a plane built and piloted by Glenn L. Martin, 1,000 feet over Griffith Park in Los Angeles.

1915 - 1st flight of the Zeppelin LZ43 (L 12), German Military airship.

1915 - Birth of Francisco Tarazona Toran, Mexican Spanish-born Republican flying ace of the civil war and Mexican commercial pilot postwar

1918 - Death of Harold Bolton Redler, South african WWI flying ace, and Ian Henry David Henderson, Scottish WWI flying ace, Killed in flying accident in their De Havilland D.H.9

1919 - Swiss Oskar Bider accomplished another great aviation performance in benefit of the civil aviation: he started with two passengers in St. Jakob, Basel, for a flight around Switzerland, landing successfully after 7½ hours at the starting point.

1921 - Death of Captain Andrew (Anthony) Frederick Weatherby Beauchamp-Proctor, South African WWI fighter ace. In preparation for an air show at the RAF Hendon, his Sopwith Snipe went into a vicious spin after performing a slow loop, and he was killed in the ensuing crash.

1921 - 1st flight of The Bristol Ten-seater (Bristol Type 62), British single-engine biplane transport aircraft.

1926 - 4 Royal Air Force Fairey IIIDs commanded by Wing Commander Conway Walter Heath Pulford complete their long-distance flight, taking them from Cairo to Cape Town and then on to Lee-on-Solent, England

1929 - 1st flight of the Shavrov Sh-1, Soviet prototype light general-purpose amphibian flying-boat sesquiplane.

1929 - 1st flight of The Vought XF2U, American prototype biplane fighter aircraft.

1932 - 1st flight of The Handley Page H.P.43, British three-engined biplane bomber-transport.

1933 - 1st flight of The Supermarine Walrus, British single-engine amphibious biplane reconnaissance aircraft.

1936 - 1st flight of The Handley Page HP.52 Hampden, known as the "Flying Suitcase", British twin-engine medium bomber.

1940 – 6 Fleet Air Arm Swordfish torpedo bombers of No. 821 and No. 823 squadrons and 9 Beauforts of N° 42 Squadron attempt to attack Scharnhorst as she steams from Trondheimsfjord, Norway, to Kiel, Germany.

1940 - The No.1 Parachute Training School RAF is formed at Ringway (Manchester Airport).

1942 - Death of Jean Seraphin Benjamin Emmanuel Bozon-Verduraz, French WWI flying ace

1943 - 1st flight of the Tempest Mark V 1st production.

1946 - 1st airmail flown by jet is made by A USAF P-80 Shooting Star.

1946 - Last flight of the Platt-LePage XR-1, early American twin-rotor helicopter.

1951 - 1st flight of The Handley Page HP.88, British research aircraft, built to test the aerodynamics of the Victor design, and was essentially a scaled-down version of that aircraft.

1952 - Death of Wilfrid Reid "Wop" May, Canadian aviator. WWI flying ace and a pioneering aviator who created the role of the bush pilot while working the Canadian west

1958 - Birth of Gennady Ivanovich Padalka, Russian Air Force officer and RSA cosmonaut.

1961 - 1st non-stop flight between the United Kingdom and Australia is made by an Avro Vulcan of No.617 Squadron, captained by Squadron Leader M.G. Beavis. The aircraft covered a distance of 11,500 miles in 20 hours 3 minutes, achieving an average speed of 573mph. It was refuelled in the air over Cyprus, Karachi and Singapore.

1961 - Death of Thomas Archibald Mitford Stuart Lewis, British WWI flying ace.

1961 - 1st flight of The Aviation Traders ATL-98 Carvair,large piston-engine transport aircraft, Douglas DC-4-based air ferry developed by Freddie Laker's Aviation Traders (Engineering) Limited (ATL), with a capacity of 25 passengers and five cars, loaded at the front.

1964 - Birth of Oleg Dmitriyevich Kononenko, Russian cosmonaut

1965 - Birth of Yáng Lìwei, Chinese major general, military pilot and CNSA astronaut. 1st man sent into space by the Chinese space program.

1971 - Death of Oren John Rose, American WWI fighter ace, businessman who served in WWII in USAAF

1972 - An Aérospatiale SA 315B Lama (French single-engined helicopter) with a single pilot (Jean Boulet) aboard established a helicopter absolute altitude record of 12,442 m (40,814 ft), immediately followed by an inadvertent record for the longest ever autorotation when the engine flamed out at the peak altitude of the flight.

1975 - Death of Albert Aubrey 'Aub' Koch, pioneering Australian military and civil pilot, captain of the only Qantas aircraft known to be shot down during WWII.

1982 - Air India Flight 403 Boeing 707-437 "Gouri Shankar" crashed at Sahar International Airport in Bombay, India after a heavy landing during a rainstorm. The fuselage exploded after starting a late go-around killing 17 over 111.

1987 - Last air-worthy Bristol Fairchild Bolingbroke MK.IV T (Blenheim), WWII bomber, is damaged beyond repair when attempting a touch-and-go landing at the Denham Air Show.

1987 - Air France pilot Partick Fourticq and friend Racing Driver Henri Pescarolo once again walk into the record books, completing an around the world flight aboard a Lockheed 18 Lodestar, in 88 hours and 19 minutes.

1993 - Launch of STS-57, Shuttle-Spacelab mission of Space Shuttle Endeavour.

1993 - Death of Ernest Graham Joy, Canadian WWI flying ace who served the RCAF in WWII

2001 - 1st flight of the CAP Aviation CAP-10C, French two-seat training aerobatic aircraft, Evolution of the Mudry Cap-10B.

2003 - Death of Magnus 'Mac' Hans Alexander Maximilian Freiherr von Braun, brother of Wernher von Braun, German chemical engineer, Luftwaffe aviator, and rocket scientist at Peenemünde, 

2003 - Death of James Denis, French WWII flying ace.

2004 - SpaceShipOne is the 1st non-government built spacecraft to transport a person into space and return safely to earth with Michael Winston "Mike" Melvill at controls.

2005 - The Boeing X-37 (also known as the X-37 Orbital Test Vehicle), American reusable unmanned spacecraft, complete a captive-carry flight underneath the Scaled Composites Model 318 White Knight.

2010 - Launch of TanDEM-X (TerraSAR-X add-on for Digital Elevation Measurement), German Earth observation satellite using SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) - a modern radar imaging technology.

2011 - Launch of Progress M-11M (Progress 43 or 43P), Russian resupply mission to the ISS

2012 - Indonesian Air Force Fokker F27 on a training mission at Halim Perdanakusuma Air Force Base crashed into a housing complex in the capital Jakarta, setting houses on fire and killing at least 6 people.

2012 - Kyle Gluesenkamp flew the Gamera II, human powered helicopter, at the Reckord Armory on the University of Maryland Campus for an unofficial record duration of 50 seconds.