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APRIL09

Today in Aviation History APRIL 9 th
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1828 - Birth of Samuel Archer King, ballooning pioneer in the United States.

1888 - Birth of Byron Quinby Jones, American pionneer aviator, 1st army pilot to stall and loop an aircraft without crashing

1893 - Birth of Clive Beverley Glynn, British WWI flying ace 

1898 - Birth of Wilfred Barrat Green, British WWI flying ace

1899 - Birth of Hans Jeschonnek, German WWI fighter pilot,  Generaloberst and a Chief of the General Staff of Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe during WWII.

1899 - Birth of Lawrence Percival Coombes, British WWI fighter ace and aero engineer

1899 - Birth of James Smith "Mac" McDonnell, American aviation pioneer and founder of McDonnell Aircraft Corporation, later McDonnell Douglas.

1899 - Birth of Harry Neville Compton, Canadian WWI flying ace

1903 - Birth of Stanislaw Wigura, Polish aircraft designer and aviator, co-founder of the RWD aircraft construction team.

1911 - The Avro Type D, british biplane, becomes the 1st seaplane to take off from British sea water. 

1914 - 1st naval/air skirmishes, an important turning point in naval and aviation history. A Constitutionalist Glenn L. Martin Company biplane flown by Captain Camina dropped bombs on two Huertista gunboats off the coast of western Mexico during the Mexican Revolution.; they all missed.

1915 - 1st meeting of the Australian Aero Club is held at the Café Francais in Melbourne.

1917 - Death of Robert Martinet, Early French Aviator, in  a flying accident at Micra airfield on Salonica Front

1917 - British WWI fighter ace Alan Machin Wilkinson, scored 4 victories with his Bristol F.2a on that single day.

1920 - 1st flight of the Potez VIII, French two-seat tourer/ elementary trainer .

1924 - Birth of Milburn G. "Mel" Apt, US test pilot, 1st man to exceed Mach 3

1928 - Birth of Iris Wittig, 1st military woman pilot of GDR.

1929 - The French airline Air Union starts to operate a nightly service from Paris to London.

1931 - Charles William Anderson Scott lands his DH.60 Moth in Darwin in Australia , breaking the England–Australia solo flight record, coming from Lympne.

1937 - Masaaki Iinuma, Japanese Navy aviator, lands his 'Kamikaze', a Mitsubishi Ki-15 Karigane aircraft, in Croydon after a 51 hours, 19 minutes and 23 seconds flight (average speed: 162,8 km/h or 101 miles/h) from Tokyo, 1st Japanese-built aircraft to fly from Japan to Europe

1939 - Eugène Przysiecki takes off with a RWD-13,  Polish touring three-seater high-wing monoplane,  from Warsaw, Poland, bringing it as a gift of the governement for the Iranian king in Teheran.

1942 – World War II: The Japanese Navy launches an air raid on Trincomalee in Ceylon (Sri Lanka); Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Hermes (1st aircraft carrier ever to be sunk by aircraft) and Royal Australian Navy Destroyer HMAS Vampire are sunk off the island's east coast.

1944 - Death of Evgeniya Maksimovna Rudneva, Soviet military air navigator. She perished valiantly while flying her 645th night combat mission on the old and slow Polikarpov Po-2, shot down by Flak along with her pilot Panna Prokofyeva.

1945 - During a general RAF bombing raid on the dockyard by over 300 aircraft, German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer was struck, and capsized at her berth.

1945 – The United Kingdom transfers the escort aircraft carrier HMS Biter to France, which immediately commissions her into the French Navy as Dixmude. Dixmude is France’s 1st aircraft carrier since the demilitarization of Béarn in 1942.

1947 - 1st flight of the Avro 688 Tudor IV, British piston-engined airliner based on the 4-engine Lincoln bomber, lengthened Evolution of the Tudor Series

1949 - 2nd prototype of the SNCAC NC 211 'Cormoran', french large four-engined aircraft for passengers and cargo, makes it's 1st flight.

1950 - Birth of Kenneth Dale "Taco" Cockrell, American astronaut and a veteran of five space shuttle missions.

1953 - 1st official flight of the Convair F2Y Sea Dart, unique American seaplane fighter aircraft that rode on twin hydro-skis for takeoff. It only flew as a prototype, and never entered production, but it is still the only seaplane to exceed the speed of sound.

1957 - 1st flight of The Let L-200 Morava,  two-engine touring and light passenger aircraft , designed and produced in Czechoslovakia

1958 - Two-man crew of a Canberra bomber which explodes over Derbyshire make the highest recorded, emergency escape from an aircraft at 17,070 metres (56,000 feet)

1959 – Project Mercury: NASA announces the selection of the United States' 1st seven astronauts, whom the news media quickly dub the "Mercury Seven".

1960 - The giant Tupolev Tu-114 Rossiya (turboprop powered long-range airliner) sets a new world speed record for propeller-driven airplanes of 545.07 mph. It was carrying a 55,116-pound payload at the time and flew around an official 3,107-mile closed circuit in the USSR.

1963 - Birth of Timothy Lennart Kopra, colonel in the United States Army and NASA astronaut.

1964 - 1st flight of The de Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo, short takeoff and landing (STOL) utility transport, a turboprop aircraft developed from the earlier piston-powered DHC-4 Caribou.

1964 - Official retirement of the RCAF Lancaster at Downsview, Ontario. 

1966 - Death of Herbert Victor Rowley, British WWI flying ace, who remained in the RAF postwar, rising to the position of Air Commodore during WWII

1967 - 1st flight of The Boeing 737, short- to medium-range, twin-engine narrow-body jet airliner.

1968 - 1st launch of a Rocket (Veronique, French sounding rocket) from Kuru, French Guyana.

1969 - 1st U.K.-assembled supersonic transport, Concorde 002, makes a successful 1st flight from Filton to RAF Fairford in England.

1974 - Death of James Geoffrey Coombe, British WWI flying ace

1976 - Birth of Serena Maria Auñón, American physician, engineer, and NASA astronaut.

1980 - Launch of Soyuz 35, Soviet manned space flight to the Salyut 6 space station

1983 - Death of Robert H. McIntosh 'All-Weather Mac', British aviator, WWII fighter pilot, Test pilot which  flying career spanned 54 years between 1917 and 1971.

1983 - Challenger (STS-6 NASA Space Shuttle mission)  lands at Edwards AFB.

1994 - Launch of STS-59, Space Shuttle Endeavour mission

1997 - Production Lockheed F-22 Raptor model (single-seat, twin-engine fifth-generation supermaneuverable fighter aircraft that uses stealth technology) is unveiled at Lockheed Georgia Co., Marietta, Georgia.

2008 - Oasis Hong Kong Airlines, long-haul low-cost airline based in Hong Kong, Cease operations.