Introduction of IMSOC Notation System

The author has formed a new modified notation system, which is applied in presenting the notations of bandishes and swara phrases in this website. This notation system is a modification to prevalent notation system in North Indian classical music to make it suitable for international readers and also to make it compatible for generally used Microsoft Office Program with normally available fonts and formatting tools. So, this innovation can be called IMSOC Notation System [Ibrahim’s Microsoft Office compatible Notation System]. The following detail of IMSOC Notation System will be helpful to introduce its rules and to make the presented Notations easily understandable.





shudha swaras of madhya saptak

small letters [single character]

for sa, re, ga, ma, pa, dha and ni, respectively s, r, g, m, p, d and n

vikrit swara

for komal re, ga, dha, ni and also for tivra ma, initial letters with underline

komal: r, g, d, n

tivra: m

kan swara

super script kan swara on the left side of main swara

sr rg gm mp

mandra saptak

bold letters

n, d, p, m, g, r, s

taar saptak

capital letters

S, R, G, M, P, D, N

vikrit swara in mandra or taar saptaks

underlined bold letters or underlined capital letters respectively

komal mandra ni: n

komal re of tar saptak: R

khatka [stress by touching the upper and lower swaras]

the swara Inside []



included Swaras inside ()

(d m)

insertion of more than 1 swara or syllable of words, in a matra

In side ‘ ’

swara: ‘gm’

word: ‘rama’

extending duration of swara or syllable to next matra or unit

‘-’ in the cell of swara or word

swara: p - g m

words: jaa - vo re

vibhag or tal-division

visible vertical border of the column


sama, tali and khali

X, number of tali and 0 respectively

tritals X   2   0   3