The Aqua Insight Team provides the following solutions that are applicable to many sectors.

  • Conceptual Site Model (CSM) development including aquifer and aquitard characterization (hydrostratigraphy) and three dimensional interconnections, mass distribution and trends, response to stresses, groundwater-surface water interactions, unsaturated zone characterization, recharge characterization, etc.

  • Testing of Conceptual Site Model validity

  • Groundwater flow pathway assessments (e.g., receptor likelihood, volumetric assessments)

  • Contaminant risk exposure evaluations (e.g., predictive transport analysis)

  • Groundwater sustainability including water quantity risks considering drought and climate change; water quality risks considering vulnerability to surficial sources of contamination.

  • Groundwater and surface water interaction including integrated modelling, and thermal signal analysis.

  • Groundwater flow and contaminant transport evolutions over decades or centuries

Municipal Water Supply and Source Water Protection

Experience assisting municipalities with assessing and managing their groundwater resources, including:

  • Quantifying the volume of water that can be sustained at individual wells and cumulatively. Assess the balance between municipal water taking and ecosystem needs to ensure responsible water management.

  • Evaluate the vulnerability to surficial sources of contamination, and potential impact at wells from existing industrial contamination.

    • Intrinsic Susceptibility Index & Aquifer Vulnerability Index assessments and mapping,

    • Water Quality Threats Assessments

    • Issues Contributing Area delineations

  • Design Source Protection initiatives to help safeguard water supplies for future generations

  • Source Protection: water budgets, capture zone delineation, Wellhead Protection Area delineation

  • Enact measures to maintain and protect drinking water supplies

    • Point (industrial) and non-point (road salt, nitrate) management measures to reduce contamination risks

Industrial Contamination

Experience assisting industrial site managers through characterization of existing contamination extent and evaluating fate and transport of contaminants of concern toward potential receptors using numerical modelling tools.

Site investigation experience has ranged from small industrial facilities where local surface water or groundwater users may be subject to risk, to major Superfund & RCRA sites where off-site contamination has the potential to degrade public water supply. Technical skills are primarily focused on developing a sound understanding of site-specific groundwater flow that leads to contaminant migration and fate.

  • Simulation of fate and transport for mapped plumes / sources.

  • Evaluation of maximum concentrations reaching potential receptors into the future (deterministic and stochastic approaches).

  • Quantifying flow velocities to evaluate residence time for design of treatment cells.

  • Cost-benefit analysis of potential remediation approaches.


Experience assisting mining companies with:

  • Development of process water supply and evaluation of potential impacts to sustain that supply.

  • Quantifying dewatering / depressurization requirements and timing.

  • Quantifying the volume and concentration of brine that can be extracted from resource areas (Resource and Reserves for Lithium and Potash).

  • Evaluation of leachate or excursion impact risks due to migration with groundwater flow.

Oil and Gas

Experience working with major oil and gas producers to evaluate water supply options, and to evaluate potential risks associated with spills or waste discharge:

  • Quantify available make-up water supply from identified aquifers.

  • Evaluate process water discharge (brine) capacity and potential impacts.

  • Evaluate mobility and fate of injected mobility agents.

  • Evaluate inflow volumes and brine concentrations to open-pit mines.

  • Evaluate transport and risk from spill and wellhead sites (petroleum compounds and process water impacts).

Watershed Management

Experienced working with various stakeholders to characterize and assess integrated groundwater and surface water flow systems to:

  • Quantify the volume of water flowing through an area and the natural range of variability under historic climate conditions.

  • Establish water budgets for subwatersheds to maintain a healthy ecosystem, including flow variability.

  • Assessment of potential impacts of urban development on the groundwater flow system including groundwater discharge to surface water features and wetlands.

  • Evaluate potential future changes in groundwater discharge due to climate change.