Research projects at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem


6: Classifying the other: The classification of Semitic loanwords in the Egyptian script

sponsored by ISF (Israel Science Foundation). 2017-2020.


  • Harel, Halely. 2017. Tracking Variation in Orthography: The Case of Loanwords in Ancient Egyptian (Poster), in: manuSciences‘17 French German Summer School organized by the BAM, CSMC and EPHE/PSL.
  • Harel, Halely. 2018. "How Does Language Portray Culture Contact? Semitic Loanwords in Second Intermediate Period and New Kingdom Egypt",(Poster), in: 'Crossroads III – A Stranger in the House', Prague, September 10-13, 2018.
  • Orly Goldwasser, Halely Harel and Dmitry Nikolaev. March 2019. ‘Mapping the ancient Egyptian mind: Introducing iClassifier, a new platform for systematic analysis of classifiers in Egyptian and beyond’, at: Ancient Egypt and New Technology: The Present and Future of Computer Visualization, Virtual Reality and other Digital Humanities in Egyptology. An international conference to be held 29–30 March 2019 at Indiana University – Bloomington.
  • Orly Goldwasser, Halely Harel and Dmitry Nikolaev. April 19, 2019 iClassifier – A digital tool for systematic classifier analysis of classifier languages and scripts.' In: “Noun categorization: from grammar to communicative interaction.” Lyon (DDL research center).

Past projects:

5: Ancient Egyptian Classifiers in a Diachronic Perspective

sponsored by GIF (German Israeli Foundation). 2008-2011. With Prof. Frank Kammerzell.

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Department of Northeast African Archaeology and Cultural Studies

and The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Division of Egyptology, Department of Ancient Near Eastern Languages and Cultures, Institute of Archaeology.


  • Allon, Niv. 2010. "On the Outskirts of a System: Classifiers in Ancient Egyptian Transliterated Foreign Texts.” Lingua Aegyptia 18: 1-17.
  • Goldwasser, O. and C. Grinevald, 2012. “What Are Determinatives Good For?” In Lexical Semantics in Ancient Egyptian. Eds. E. Grossman, St. Polis. and J. Winand, 17-53. Lingua Aegyptia Studia Monographica. Hamburg: Widmaier Verlag.

4: Stability and adaptation of classification systems in a cross-cultural perspective”

sponsored by COST, Individuals, Societies, Cultures and Health COST Action A31 2006-2010.

Chair of the Action: Ms Thekla WIEBUSCH (FR), Vice Chair of the Action: Prof Orly GOLDWASSER (IL)

3: Kulturkontakt und Innovation

sponsored by the Austrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 2000-2003.

Institut für Ägyptologie der Universität Wien and Division of Egyptology, - Ancient Near Eastren Langauges and Cultures, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem.


  • Allon, Niv. 2007. “Seth is Baal – Evidence from the Script.” Ägypten und Levante 17, 15-22.
  • The Challenge of the Hyksos – Cultural Interference in New Kingdom Egypt. In: Contributions to the Archaeology of Egypt and the Levant IV, Eds. O. Goldwasser, M. Bietak and E. Grossman. Denkschriften der Gesamtakademie der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien. (In preparation).

2: “Typology and Usage of Egyptian Writing”

sponsored by Fritz Thyssen Stiftung, 2000-2003. With Dr. Frank Kammerzell.

Seminar für Ägyptologie und Koptologie, the University of Göttingen

and Division of Egyptology - Ancient Near Eastern languages and Cultures, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem.


  • Goldwasser, Orly. 2002. Lovers, Prophets and Giraffes - Wor[l]d Classification in Ancient Egypt. Classification and categorization in Ancient Egypt 38 Vol.3, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
  • Shalomi-Hen, Rachel. 2006. The Writing of Gods: The Evolution of the Divine Classifiers in the Old Kingdom. Classification and categorization in Ancient Egypt 38 Vol.4. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag (PhD Thesis).
  • David, Arlette. 2006. Syntactic and Lexico-Semantic Aspects of the Legal Register in Ramesside Royal Decrees (with a Discussion on Classifiers). Classification and Categorization in Ancient Egypt 38 Vol.5. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag (PhD Thesis).

1: Classifiers and Classification in Ancient Egypt

sponsored by the Niedersächsisches Vorab der Volkswagen Stiftung, 1997-1999. With Prof. Friedrich Junge and Dr. Frank Kammerzell.

Seminar für Ägyptologie und Koptologie, the University of Göttingen

and the Division of Egyptology, Ancient near Eastern Languages and Cultures, The Hebrew University , Jerusalem.


  • Goldwasser, Orly (with Appendix by Matthias Müller), 1999. “The Determinative System as a Mirror of World organization.” Göttinger Miszellen 170: 49-68.
  • Wawrzyniec, Smoczynski. 1999. "Seeking Structure in the Lexicon On Some Cognitive-Functional Aspects of Determinative Assignment.” Lingua Aegyptia 6: 153-162.
  • David, Arlette. 2000. De l’infériorité a la perturbation. L’oiseau du “mal” et la catégorisation en Egypte ancienne. Classification and Categorization in Ancient Egypt. 38 Vol.1, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag (MA Thesis).
  • Shalomi-Hen, Rachel. 2000. Classifying the Divine: Determinatives and Categorization in CT 335 and BD 17. Classification and categorization in Ancient Egypt. 38 Vol.2. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag (MA Thesis).