How do we design instruction that provides students with extraordinary learning opportunities?
What is extraordinary learning? When students are able to develop knowledge that is new, unique, and personalized, they demonstrate extraordinary learning. For students to do this, they must be able to take advantage of learning opportunities that enable them to interact with knowledge any time and anywhere through multiple channels in different contexts with different audiences and with different levels of preparation.
How do we create extraordinary learning opportunities? Instructional designers (including teachers) should practice proactive design, develop blended learning environments, develop systems, and focus on learner engagement .
- The theory - Looking at the design cycle as an interconnected network full of redundancies and ongoing analyses (Sims). The assumption is that personalized learning requires instructional design that is adaptive to changing behavioral, psychological, and situational needs (Bandura).
- The theory - All systems should have ongoing proactive review. There should be ongoing analysis that (Shufflebeam).
- The theory - Student and teacher use of mobile and online technologies as a part of normal learning increases student capacity to develop and internalize knowledge and increases teacher capacity to provide constructive feedback (Siemens).
- The theory - When students are actively engaged in their learning, their learning will involve the development of social interactions (Vygotsky).