Afternoon Presentation Session -Two
Presentation Session -Two 15:45 - 16:45 Presentation Rooms B207-217, B302
15:45 - 16:45 B302 Guy PETERS, Swiss Hotel Group
A workshop outlining educational, exchange, and internship opportunities to promote international understanding and develop skills that are marketable in the international marketplace.
15:45 - 16:10 B210 Maria Rose ISHIGURO, Kobe Gakuin University
What is peace?
This presentation is at Socratic approach to a discussion and narrative on peace. The presenter will focus on peace in general and around the world. The presenter has lived in Japan and a bride for a number of years and has unique insights into peace. As an educator, the presenters pedagogical approach to piece is to bridge various cultures and peoples ideas.
15:45 - 16:45 B211 Gerry YOKOTA, Osaka University
Time Travelers: Visions of Commerce in Traditional Japanese Culture
This session is designed for people who want to know more about traditional culture and ideas about commerce in Japan, including Japanese--especially youth!--who want to explore the meaning of tradition in their life more deeply. Cultural tradition can be a double-edged sword. It can offer a sense of security to one who feels isolated, disoriented, or threatened. But excessive dependence on it may lead to chronic defensiveness or xenophobia. How might we best develop and promote a healthy sense of identity, grounded in tradition, that serves as a secure base for open-minded intercultural communication? As a concrete example, in this talk I will introduce some of the diverse ways traditional Japanese culture has been adapted and transformed in translation and in new genres such as manga and anime, with a focus on the images and symbols, archetypes and metaphors which have proven to possess the greatest appeal across generations, centuries, and national borders, and which promise to bear the greatest fruit in the constant, daily heart-to-heart communication that establishes the firmest foundation for peacebuilding.
15:45 - 16:10 B213 Howard Ken HIGA, Chubu University
Language Revitalization in Okinawa as a Bridge to Peace and Understanding: From an Okinawan-Hawaiian disporan perspective, taking cues from the Native Hawaiian Movement
In 2009, UNESCO recognized 6 indigenous languages of the Ryukyu Islands and warned of the danger of language extinction by 2050. Since then, attention has been drawn to the significance and plight of these indigenous languages. Historically, the largest Okinawan diaspora was to Hawaii where 50,000 descendants of the original diasporans now reside over a century later. This presentation will draw upon the perspectives of an Okinawan-Hawaiian disaporan who has observed and examined the steps taken by the Native Hawaiians regarding language and cultural revitalization. There are numerous similarities among the plights of the Native Hawaiians and Okinawans related to peace, culture, language, the US Military presence, etc. It is my contention that language revitalization can serve as a conduit to address issues central to the wider affairs in Okinawa and can help pave the way for understanding and peace. The Native Hawaiian movement for language revitalization provides cues for the plight of the indigenous languages of the Ryukyus. However, there are some aspects and nuances that differ. Okinawan-Hawaiians have been in an optimal position to discern and recognize these subtleties and highlight aspects that promote language revitalization and peace in Okinawa.
15:45 - 16:10 B214 Nonoko KAWABE, Kobe City University of Foreign Studies
Peace from the view point of religion
It changed from the 20th century to the 21st century, but there is no sign of peace of yet. Each of conflicts has many triggers. One of these is religion nevertheless it is very savior originally. Religious conflicts start overheating when “Clash of Civilization” was published in 1996. When the cold war finished, some countries lost the reason to maintain the military force. Samuel P. Huntington suggests in the book, that “the great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be cultural.” It was perfect excuse to maintain the military forces. In addition, these religious conflicts is occurred between a group and a group in the same country, so UN have to update the charter to suit a civil war which happens without procedure. In the view point of teaching, all religion have better be tolerance like Shinto. Almost all of religion are changing as passing, so we have to lead these for good direction consciously. If it succeeds, we can approach world peace much nearer than now.
15:45 - 16:45 B215 Jon DUJMOVICH, Keio University
Fostering Multicultural Identities
Utilized in various settings from adult learning & universities, to junior high schools, the presenter will share a teaching module that can foster a multicultural identity and provide learners with an opportunity to develop intercultural and second language competency in a manner specifically tailored to the challenges of the Japanese context. The Multicultural Me module for intercultural communication blends task-based learning (Ellis, 2003) and content-based (Brinton, 2003) approaches for language learners. The central aims of the module are: To deepen cultural self-realization; broaden awareness of social diversity in daily life; develop and express empathy; enable learners to open multiple channels for communication; and provide a language framework for expressing one's identity as well as showing interest in others.
In this workshop the presenter will demonstrate and discuss the Multicultural Me activities, grounding in intercultural communication theory, methodology, and ESL pedagogy. The presenter will provide opportunities to experiment with ideas and activities in a workshop format while demonstrating how activities can be adjusted for learning stage appropriateness. Participants will be able to incorporate the ideas and activities from this workshop into their classes, and immediately apply them to their lessons.
15:45 - 16:45 B216 Donna Fujimoto, Elisabeth FERNANDES, Daniel LILLEY, Sietar
Keeping the Peace
In an ever changing turbulent and globalized world, we are living and working with a more diverse range of people than ever before. But how can we co-exist peacefully? While we do not seek to offer direct solutions we will use the Contrast Culture Method (CCM) in this workshop to explore on a deeper level the values at the core of our judgments and actions. Audience participation and sharing of experiences is strongly encouraged.
15:45 - 16:10 B217 Miyuki WAKABAYASHI, Kaho HAYASHI, Kimika MATSUSHIMA, & Yuka NOMURA Kobe Gakuin University
How we use social media to communicate
Communication is constantly changing, and one of the more recent trends is the use of social media to communicate. There are a variety of different types of social media that are used, and are continuing to be popular. The generation gaps between the age groups will be explained in this poster session. There will be introductions of some of the major companies, including LINE, Facebook, Twitter amongst others. And, the effects it has had on lives.
15:45 - 16:10 B217 Kaho SHIBUYA Kobe Gakuin University
Internship in Kenya: An Educational Approach to Infrastructure Construction and Materials
As Africa continues to grow, there is more and more of a demand for infrastructure projects. These infrastructure projects require enormous amounts of resources and technical know-how. As trade between Africa and Japan continues, there are ample opportunities for expanding trade. The presenter will explain how she will be teaching students in a Nairobi school for her spring internship program. The program will be through the Management University of Africa (MUA) and Grapesyard NGO. It will explain how the presenter will be using her family business as an example of how concrete works. She will explain her plans for the internship and how she will implement her lesson.
15:45 - 16:10 B217 Sean HARRIS Kobe Gakuin University
Introduction to My Second Home City, Christchurch
In this presentation, the city of Christchurch will be introduced with the history and all that the city has to offer. In addition, the similarities with Japan will be explained-from natural disasters to nature and the people.
15:45 - 16:45 B210 Rihoka SUGIHARA, Kobe City University of Foreign Studies
A lot of ways to communicate
Nowadays, we have many ways to communicate with each other. Firstly, we can communicate by talking face to face. However, if only one person talks, it doesn’t mean that they communicate. When two people talk and understand with each other, we can say that it is communication. The next one is by whistling. I watched a video that some people talk in that way because they live quite far away from each other. For example, if the weather were not good, some would whistle to tell their fellows about it. The last one is by texting through the Internet. This way is new compared with the past 50 years. That’s because you can talk no matter how far you are from the person you’re talking with. However, there are many problems for the type of communication. One is that you actually cannot get the true feeling just by words, which hurts you or the person you’re talking with without intention. The other one is that you get to talk less face to face. Therefore, we have many ways to communicate. However, the most progressive way at the moment has many problems. I hope that we will get the better way in the future.
16:15 - 16:45 B210 Daisuke SATO, Kobe City University of Foreign Studies
Contemporary ways of communication to promote international friendship
Social Network Service(SNS) is so important tool in order to make friends in foreign countries. Now, SNS is the main current. One of the great points of SNS is that you don’t have to release personally identifiable information. Therefore a lot of people around the world use SNS. So, if you want to make a lot of friends, it will be shortcut that you make full use of SNS.
For example, you are going to study abroad in U.S.A. . If you search “Twitter” for “Donald Trump”, you will find some American people who talk about him. And, if you find the people who agree with what you think, it will be good to get touch with them. At that time, you may become friends with them. In this way, we can make foreign friends without seeing his face.
Next, you are going to study abroad. If you search “Twitter” for the school which you go to, you will be able to find its students. Before you study abroad, getting touch with them a short while will influence after you do.
Now is so useful. It is wasteful not to use SNS. Anyway, I would like to make use of SNS before I go to foreign countries.
16:15 - 16:45 B211 Raden MAESAROH, Konan University
One more thing about Indonesia: A glance at Indonesian language and culture
This presentation reports on Indonesian language and culture, generally focusing more on the people and their characteristics as well as habits and values they hold. It will also explore the languages of Indonesia and the government efforts to introduce Indonesian language and culture to the world as one of the attempts to contribute to the world peace. The presentation begins with the explanation on the position of Indonesia by describing the location including neighbor countries sharing land and water territorial borders. It will then be continued with the description of Indonesian people, highlighting the number of the people, the ethnic groups, and physical features. Further, it highlights six characteristics best describing Indonesian people such as friendly, altruistic, inquisitive, tolerant, think in group, and sharing. The habits of Indonesian people reflected in daily life and the values they hold onto such as maintaining harmony, and being cooperative will also be covered. The last issue to inform is the language of Indonesia, highlighting a glimpse of history of the Indonesian language , the position of the language in the society, how the language is different from one local culture to another. The presentation ends with the government program to introduce the Indonesian language and culture through the teaching of Indonesian language and culture to foreigners as one of the endeavours to contribute to the world peace.
16:15 - 16:45 B212 Brad PERKS, Kwansei Gakuin University
Solving homelessness through understanding the importance of clients’ private sphere
This presentation/paper is a policy review of the Australian government Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP), taking a holistic understanding of clients’ physiological and sociological needs. It explores the post homelessness support services provided and the need for support services after clients have found housing after homelessness to alleviate a re-entry into this program problem. The re-entry phenomenon is termed ‘Revolving Door’, where episodes of homelessness following resettlement and tenancy failure/abandonment occur (SAAP, 2005). In addition, it also explores the most efficient use of state provided accommodation, recommending that providing temporary accommodation to clients is not enough to allow clients to reintegrate into society; their private sphere (re) connection to friends, family and community is vital in this policy effectiveness.
16:15 - 16:45 B213 Nina NOMURA & Barret NIBLING, Kobe City University of Foreign Studies / Sanda Shokunan Senior High School
Capacity of Human Destruction
Looking back on history, humans have proved themselves as being capable of both nurturing life and causing terrible calamity. This destruction has taken many forms throughout the centuries, but none carry the devastating potential as both the threat of genocide and that of nuclear aggression. Each of these events singlehandedly has the capacity of destroying cultures and disrupting our tenuous global society. By focusing on these two atrocious acts, this museum style poster presentation will demonstrate how the neglect of historic truths has led to the death of hundreds of thousands and will have a strong likelihood of occurring again if humanity fails to rethink how it learns history. In order to achieve peace, knowledge should not be gained for the sake of gaining knowledge. Humans must make use of the information provided from the past to give a positive impact on our global society.
16:15 - 16:45 B214 Rin KIMURA, Kobe City University of Foreign Studies
Lack of Knowledge of Own Culture to Understand Other Cultures
I insist that Japanese should know more about our own cultures. These days, a lot of young Japanese people do not have any or only a little interest in them but have interest in foreign ones, especially in Europe and America. However, if they want to really understand other cultures, they need to have basic knowledge of their own ones. The reason for this is you cannot compare and contrast one's own culture with another without a foundation of basic knowledge.
To begin with, Japan has many kinds of cultures and there are traditional ones or subculture like manga. I think later ones are very popular for the world includes Japan; in contrast, the former is not so popular for Japanese. I feel the circumstance is very wasted because Japan is having built high original culture through extraordinary long time. I assure that Japanese people can be proud their own cultures and spread them to the world. As a result, they are able to respect other cultures as real meaning and communicate with foreign people as equal position. Consequently, Japanese must know own cultures more widely and deeply to understand other cultures intrinsically.
16:15 - 16:45 B217 Richard MILLER, Kobe Gakuin University
Japan’s Soft Power in Africa: Case studies through JICA
Shaping the preferences of others through appeal and attraction has great value by having them embrace one's values and cultures. (Ikenberry 2004). In geopolitics, the term was first coined by Joseph Nye (1990) when describing the way that this type of persuasion affects the ability to influence others to get them to do what you want. There are a number of ways that Japan has influence on the continent, from the best brand (Toyota) through a number of different organizations. One of those, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), was originally set up with the Colombo Plan in 1954 and has since expanded to include other regions with growth in Africa. The presentation will briefly explain the history of JICA, followed by a description Nye’s theory of ‘Soft Power’ with concrete examples from Rwanda. Through a narrative case study in Kayonza, Rwanda, during February and March of 2017, the conceptualization of Soft Power in action will be explained through examples where there is training and development of local industry and education. The JICA programs that will be introduced were focused on trade and organic growth.