Personnel on the US Military Base on Diego Garcia are permitted to fish in the lagoon and territorial waters (out to 3 nautical miles) surrounding the island.
BIOT Fishing Licence
Each year the BIOT Commissioner's Representative issues a fishing licence to the US Morale, Welfare and Recreation Organisation (US MWR). An example is for 2011-2012 (BIOT Public Notice Number 02-11.PDF). This license requires that all fishing is in accordance with the BIOT Fisheries (Conservation and Management) Ordinance 2007 (2007.5 The Fisheries (Conservation and Management) Ordinance.doc). In addition, the license requires:
US NAVSUPPFAC Diego Garcia Instructions
The US Navy Support Facility Diego Garcia (NAVSUPPFAC) also issues a 'Diego Garcia Local Coordinator Instruction 1710.17D' (DGLOCALCOORDINST 1710.17D N9 dated 13 Dec 2011.PDF) published in 2011.
This Instruction lays out safety considerations, designated fishing areas and other recreational rules.
Personnel eligible to use Navy recreation facilities, equipment and services (e.g., fishing boats, LCM, etc) are:
Fishing and recreation areas
( for a more detailed map of the fishing areas, with popular fishing sites: Fishing areas detailed Diego Garcia.jpg)
Restrictions on fishing around Diego Garcia were first introduced on 24 Jan 1994 by Commanding Officer's Temporary Memorandum No 1/94 (this document is no longer available) and remain in force today.
Fishing from boats is allowed anywhere in the lagoon areas marked A, B and C on the map, and anywhere on the ocean side of the atoll.
Shore fishing is allowed on the ocean side but is essentially restricted to the western arm of the atoll. In the lagoon it is allowed everywhere except south of what is called the Donkey Gate to the southern end of the lagoon (Turtle Cove).