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Cloud Robotics 云机器人

posted Mar 29, 2014, 3:44 PM by Ricky Li   [ updated Dec 10, 2014, 7:54 AM ]
Robots empowered with more capacity and intelligence from cloud!

The concept of cloud robotics attempts to invoke cloud computing technology in robotics. Cloud computing is computing in which large groups of remote servers are networked to allow centralized data storage and online access to computer services or resources. Clouds can be classified as public, private or hybrid. Robots can benefit from the powerful computational, storage, and communications resources of modern data centers in the cloud. In addition, it removes overheads for maintenance and updates, and reduces dependence of local computing. Robots can take advantage of the rapid increase in data transfer rates to offload tasks without hard real time requirements from cloud. We can develop ubiquitous system for robots with powerful capability but reduce the cost of computing with cloud computing. And it possible to build robots have intelligent "brain" in "cloud"- knowledge base, virtual world environment model (may like Google street view), image processing and querying, large scale robots collaboration, augmented human~robot interaction (remote communication and reasoning). Such robot systems are capable of adapting variety of situations and providing different service from human‘s delegation. With regard to this concept, We can propose a various functional cloud robotics based system such as intelligent healthcare system, smart home with domestic robots, education robots, intelligent robot workers/ professionals. For example, in shopping-delivery robot system- once an order is placed, a warehouse robot dispatches the item to an autonomous car or autonomous drone to delivery it to its recipient. The system is able to schedule tasks to each drone/car with regard to their local updates to data center. 

In 2012, robotics celebrated its 50-year anniversary in terms of deployment of the first industrial robot at a manufacturing site. Since then, significant progress has been achieved. Robots are being used across the various domains of manufacturing, services, healthcare/medical, defense, and space. Robotics was initially introduced for dirty, dull, and dangerous tasks. Today, robotics are used in a much wider set of applications, and a key factor is to empower people in their daily lives across work, leisure, and domestic tasks. Three factors drive the adoption of robots: i) improved productivity in the increasingly competitive international environment; ii) improved quality of life in the presence of a significantly aging society; and iii) removing first responders and soldiers from the immediate danger/action. Economic growth, quality of life, and safety of our first responders continue to be key drivers for the adoption of robots.

Robotics is one of a few technologies that has the potential to have an impact that is as transformative as the Internet. Robotics is already now a key technology for inshoring of jobs by companies such as Apple, Lenovo, Tesla, Foxconn, and many others and citizens who used to have to rely on family or nurses for basic tasks such as shaving, preparing a meal, or going to the restroom are having a higher degree of independence. In the aftermath of the earthquake in Fukushima, it was evident that it would be a challenge to get an actual sense of the resulting destruction without the deployment of robots for assessment of the magnitude of the damage and assessment of the environmental impact. Currently, many small factories in East China employe robot to work for some repeated work to reduced their product cost, which is their only chance to keep competitive in the market as a several factory managers said. On the other hand, with the increasing demand of robots, the development and manufacture of robots has been becoming a large market, Google has acquired more than ten robotics company to enlarge its business in robot. Other traditional robot companies such as KUKA, ABB robot, iRobot, SIASUN etc. have notable growth of markets from their financial reports. 

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