My own papers on "Biological Markets"

last update: 17 JAN 2016

Noë, R. J. A. R. A. M. van Hooff  & P. Hammerstein (eds) - 2001 Economics in Nature. Social Dilemmas, Mate Choice and Biological Markets

Cambridge University Press


(ISBN-13: 9780521003995 | ISBN-10: 0521003997)



(ISBN-13: 9780521650144 | ISBN-10: 0521650143)



  • Werner, G. D. A., Strassmann, J. E., Ivens, A. B. F., Engelmoer, D. J. P., Verbruggen, E., Queller, D. C., Noë, R., Johnson, N. C., Hammerstein, P. & Kiers, E. T. 2014. Evolution of microbial markets. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 111, 1237-1244 pdf
  • van de Waal, E., Spinelli, M., Bshary, R., Ros, A. F. H. & Noë, R. 2013. Negotiations over grooming in wild vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus pygerythrus). International Journal of Primatology, 34, 1153-1171. pdf
  • Noë, R. & Voelkl, B. 2013. Cooperation and biological markets: the power of partner chocie. In : Cooperation and its Evolution. Sterelny, K.;Joyce, R.; Calcott, B. & Fraser, B. (eds) MIT Press, pp. 131-151
  • Fruteau, C., Lemoine, S., Hellard, E., van Damme, E. & Noë, R. 2011. When females trade grooming for grooming: Testing partner control and partner choice models of cooperation in two species of primates Animal Behaviour 81, 1223-1230 pdf
  • Fruteau, C., van de Waal, E., van Damme, E. & Noë, R. 2011. Infant access and handling in sooty mangabeys and vervet monkeys. Animal Behaviour, 81, 153-161 pdf
  • Fruteau, C., Voelkl, B., van Damme, E., & Noë, R. (2009) Supply and demand determine the market value of food providers in wild vervet monkeys. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 106, 12007-12012 PNAS Open Access
  • Noë, R. 2007. Despotic partner choice puts helpers under pressure? Behavioural Processes, 76, 120-125 pdf
  • Noë, R. 2005. Digging for the roots of trading. In: Cooperation in Primates and Humans. Mechanisms and Evolution. (Ed. by Kappeler, P. M. & van Schaik, C. P.), pp. 233-261. Heidelberg: Springer.
  • Bshary, R. & Noë, R. 2003. Biological Markets: the ubiquitous influence of partner choice on the dynamics of cleaner fish-client reef fish interactions. In: Genetic and Cultural Evolution of Cooperation. (Ed. by Hammerstein, P.), pp. 167-184. ( MIT Press. Cambridge, Mass.) pdf
  • Noë, R. 2001. Biological markets: partner choice as the driving force behind the evolution of cooperation. In: Economics in Nature. Social Dilemmas, Mate Choice and Biological Markets. (Ed. by Noë, R., van Hooff, J. A. R. A. M. & Hammerstein, P.), pp. 93-118. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Noë, R. & Hammerstein, P. 1995. Biological markets. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 10, 336-339 pdf
  • Noë, R. & Hammerstein, P. 1994. Biological markets: supply and demand determine the effect of partner choice in cooperation, mutualism and mating. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 35, 1-11 pdf
  • Noë, R. 1992. Alliance formation among male baboons: shopping for profitable partners. In: Coalitions and Alliances in Humans and Other Animals (Ed. by Harcourt, A. H. & Waal, F. B. M. d.), pp. 285-321. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • Noë, R., van Schaik, C. P. & van Hooff, J. A. R. A. M. 1991. The market effect: an explanation for pay-off asymmetries among collaborating animals. Ethology, 87, 97-118 pdf
Although I did not use the term 'market' yet, the story started with the following paper. The importance of partner choice, an essential ingredient of biological markets, became clear to me while studying coalition formation in male baboons. This paper and Noë et al. 1991 were based on chapters from my thesis (University of Utrecht 1989)
  • Noë, R. 1990. A Veto game played by baboons: a challenge to the use of the Prisoner's Dilemma as a paradigm for reciprocity and cooperation. Animal Behaviour, 39, 78-90 pdf