What's new?

20 JUN 2019 Updated the page on nutrient exchange markets by adding some links to recent papers by Noë & Kiers (2018) and Whiteside et al (2019)

6 JUN 2019 Added a link to a new paper on mycorrhizal trading to Publications Whitesides etal 2019 Current Biology

5 JAN 2019  Added a link to a story Daniel Cossins wrote about BMT for the Christmas Issue 2018 of New Scientist







For videos of the "Forbidden Circle Game", see the Vervet research page (the market experiment) and "BM: grooming in primates"

Ronald Noë


ronald.noe (you-know-wh'at') gmail.com

This is the best way to reach me since my retirement and retun to The Netherlands in September 2018



New references concerning Biological Markets, with my comments, can be found here:

'Biological Markets' on ScoopIt! 


Alternative for PDFs: ResearchGate

Citation scores:  Google Scholar