Self-reported symptoms of chronic cough and breathlessness in working age men in the city of Izhevsk, Russia: associations with cardiovascular disease risk factors and comorbidities

Post date: Dec 24, 2015 7:38:05 AM

The prevalence of respiratory symptoms in Izhevsk was high and associated with substantial cardiovascular comorbidity.

The prevalence of smoking was extremely high even among those with severe breathlessness, suggesting the need for improved smoking cessation treatment in those with respiratory symptoms.

This is one of the very few papers investigating the burden of respiratory disease in the Russian Federation and shows the need for further research into this neglected area.

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