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Arahau: the experience of Speedtalk

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Arahau [ara'xaŭ] is an a priori constructed language created by Russian writer Ivan Karasev in 2006.

The Arahau language is polysynthetic and typologically active. This is unlike most artificial languages. Each vowel designates a noun, and consonants designate grammatical formants. This system often lets Arahau produce compact speech. Arahau has been found to have similarities with Basque and Nakh-Dagestanian languages.

Arahau is a minimal language. It has 26 phonemes (not including diphthongs and triphthongs) and about 100 main root words. Grammar is minimally inflected. The valency of a verb and word order determine case, because it is an active-stative language. Auxiliary formants mark constructions such as questions, negative polarity, and grammatical aspects. Arahau has a system of noun classes. They are marked by vowels (a – the humans, u – the animals, i – the plants, o – the names etc.).

Arahau is inspired by natural philosophy and dualism. There are only two grammatical genders, tenses (real and irreal), grammatical numbers, personal pronouns (near and far), grammatical cases (translative case and possessive), parts of speech (the verb and the noun) etc.

Arahau uses only the Subject Verb Object (SVO) word order.

 

a

ä

e

i

ö

u

ü

ou

ao

BR

rb

head

 face

 

 

vault

  

top

 

mountain, north

 

muzzle

 

source

  

brain

 hart

sugar

 

CR

rc

eyebrow

 knee

 

rainbow

  

 

 

 hill

horn

 

 

 

 

DR

rd

back of the head

left hand

 

wing

night

 

 

wind

 

 east

 

right low

 

 

 

 hot

FR

rf

eye

left hand

 

sun

  

hollow

 

pit, crater

west

 

typhoon

  

 

 

GR

rg

temple

finger of the right hand

 

 

 thunder, lightning

 

foliage

 

 

claw of the right low

tail

stream, spring

 

 

HR

rh

pupil

finger of the left hand

 

moon

  

 

 

 

claw of the left low

 

 

 

ZR

rz

eyelash

body

 

 

needle

trunk

 

 

 

 

 

KR

rk

neck

left leg

 

 

 

 

 south

 

 

 estuary

 

 

rl

phalos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MR

rm

mustache

left foot

antenna

 

 

волокно

 root

 

 

 

 

 

 acid

NR

rn

mouth

back

 

панцирь

 

flower

 

 

jaws, mouth of animal

 

whirl

 

liver

 

bitterness

 

PR

rp

beard

omphalos (stomach)

bristle

 

rain

 

 

grass

 centre

wool

belly, paunch

wind

  

lung

  

salt

 

TR

rt

ear

breast

 

 

 

 

plain

 

noise

 

kidney

 

cold

 

 

The alphabet and reading
Arahau's alphabet is Latin. It has 27 letters:
A, Ä, B, C, D, E, Ë, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, Ö, P, R, S, T, U, Ü, V, Y, Z
which correspond to 27 sounds. There are ten vowels and seventeen consonants.

Each letter corresponds to one phoneme (one precise sound). Pronunciation does not depend on a letter's position in a word. In particular, consonants at the end of a word are never silenced, and vowels do not change. The accent in words varies and falls, as a rule, on a root verb.

The pronunciation of practically all letters can be assumed without special preparation (M, N, K, etc.) The pronunciation of others is significant:
Ä [
ʲa], Ö [ʲo], Ü [ʲu] as in German.
Y [ɨ].
Ë [ʲe].
Е [e].
H [x] the fricative sound [kh].
J as in the word 'yard'.
С – an affricate [ts].

Arahau uses double consonants (geminates), even at the beginning of a word. The structure of words is not uniform: There can be congestions of consonants, both in the beginning, and in the end. The usual construction of a word that consists of a maximal cluster is сссVссс.

 

A

-as- to think;
the man

G

g- that...;
-g-
Genitive-Accusative case;

N

n- to be mobile;
-n to be old
-n-
duration (sluggishness of action)

U

-us- to be (to exist);
the beast (the animal)

Ä

-äs- to drink;
the insect;

H

h- dual number (h+Noun);
h- Imperative (h+Verb)
ho- it;
-h it (in oblique case)

O


-os- to feeling;
the name

Ü

-üs- to flow;
the woter

B

b-, -b-, -b together (with);

I

-is- to have;
the plant (the tree)

Ö

-ös- to rest;
the earth

V

v- that does...;
 -v- to (towards); subjunctive mood

C

-c- and

J

j- intention of action
-j- frequency of action;
-j female gender;

P

p- one whom;
-p-
in (into)

Y

-ys- to irritate;
category of the evil and roughness

D

d- near;
-d- lowest part;
-d Diminutive

K

k- one who
-k- the top;
-k itself

R

детерминация;
r- interrogative;
-r- for;
-rr- like, similar
-r determination

Z

z- very; only;
-z- and (for logic construction);
-z reinforcement

E

-es- to do;
the sky (gas)

L

l- no, not;
-l logic "no" (without)

S

s- you (he);
-s your, his

Ë

-ёs- to gladden;
category of good and courtesy

F

f- there, where;
-f to be dead

M

m- to be live;
-m to be yang
-m- Iterative

T

t- I;
-t- Instrumentalis-
Dative (Translative) case;
me, my, to me

 

 

 

Examples

Lord's Prayer
Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name,
your kingdom come,
your will be done,
on earth as in heaven.
Give us today our daily bread.
Forgive us our sins
as we forgive those who sin against us.
Save us from the time of trial
and deliver us from evil.
For the kingdom, the power,
and the glory are yours
now and for ever. Amen.

Ëttange msuohusoer
Msfarfésarkv músgausaskecö
Soisiragsaguastaa coezetlo cosareasguoastaa
Ctaarë’skuoastaa. Coslavadorfaat
Nsaulsyrtaakl marcozusfarfsopl.

 

Design principles

Each vocalic sound designates a noun, and consonants designate grammatic formants. The construction of language allows it to reduce a stream of speech sometimes. The Arahau language is generated by a polysynthetic principle, and the language is typologically active, unlike the majority of artificial languages.

 

Language belongs to not numerous groups of linguistic models of active typology. Each letter of language Arahau bears semantic loading, and behind vowels the dominating role admits, and consonants are grammatical formants. Therefore all words in Arahau are etymologically transparent. Categories of a case and tense in classical understanding are absent. The specific design of a new language allows reducing essentially length of words (Speed think). One word of language Arahau due to incorporation can transfer the whole sentence: t-fra-s — I see you (the reference to the person), ro-s-fru-k? — Do you see yourself? (The reference to an animal), Ma-c-af-us-hod-g-argei - the Life and Death are two halves of the whole.

In the alphabet Arahau only 27 letters (ё – soft “e” and y – “dark i” are facultative as transfer categories of politeness and roughness). Drё – aroma, dry - fetidity. The system consonantism is very simple and characteristic absence hissing sounds. The vocalic system includes vowels back of some as in Finnish, and also ё (more softly then e), y (postlingualis sound), and also 10 simple diphthongs, 10 long diphthongs (triphthongs).

The most specific formants language Arahau - pronouns (the third person is absent) to which the important role drops out - to mark the beginning (an active pronoun) and the end (an inactive pronoun) words. Pronouns are capable to mark quantity of participants of action and gender characteristics: ta – I, taaj – we (women), tacaaj – we (the man and two women). In this case complex pronouns can be transcribed by specific consonants: ɕ, ʂ, ʐ, ʑ, ʥ, ʨ, ʧ, zz... For example: taj-anr-ajs [ʨanɾasj] – I (woman) speak you (woman).

In Arahau there is the unique opportunity which is not meeting in other linguistic systems. It is a question of the specific "irreal" pronouns suitable in basic for the folklore texts. For example, it is possible to tell not only sa – you (man), si – you (tree), but also saof – you (extinct fire). Besides can be used exclusive and inclusive pronouns: taba – I with you, tabla – I without you.

 

Language
Creation of language Arahau is attempt in some times to reduce a speech stream without essential damage for understanding. Such rare mechanisms of linguistic designing as active typology are involved in it, polysynthetism and noun classes. Being some kind of gymnastics for mind, Arahau is possible to consider as one of the hypotheses explaining an origin of words in language. The specific structure of the new language which has absorbed many of archaic and unique linguistic characteristics, possesses the certain gnosiological value. It essentially facilitates understanding of structure of many languages which are appeared on periphery of a modern civilization and not entering in Nostratic macrofamily of languages.

 

Diphthongs
The phonologic system besides 10 vowels includes 10 diphthongs which also as well as vowels designate nouns:
au, ao, ae, ai, ou, oe, oi, oa, ei, ea

10 long diphthongs (triphthongs) serving for formation of plural:
uau, uao, uae, uai, uou, uoe, uoi, uoa, uei, uea

And four labial diphthongs which are facultative and serve for specification of sense:
ua, uo, ue, ui.

 

Diacritic
Diacritic (á, é, í, ó, ú, ý) serves for a designation of the intense (guttural) vowels at formation of categories of tense in verbs. Letters (ă, ŏ) designate the unessential vowels inserted for correction of harmony. And letters (â, ê, î, ô, û) are usually used in dictionaries for marks of roots and also are facultative.

 

Dictionary structure
In Arahau there is a more potential of designing of specialized lexicon. Well enough also the base lexicon is thought logically over, but there are some lacunas in a kind of the small period of existence of this language.

 

Grammar
Arahau it is possible to state grammar in the form of the dozen simple rules shown in the tables. Language has logical structure: each vowel letter (or their combinations) transfers a noun (a - the man, o - a name, u - an animal, ai - a stone, etc.), and each consonant specifies sense, acting in a role of propositions, verbal aspects, etc. Declensions, cases and conjugations are absent. In Arahau only two parts of speech - a noun and a verb, two categories of tense (real and presumable), two persons - the first (personal) and the second (extraneous).

 

Plurative
Alongside with plural which producing doubling of vowels or consonants (saa-h-is-opl> ssisopl – they have all) or due to labialization diphthongs, exists special formants, forming a singular from plural (woods> a tree, breads> grain, an onions> a bulb) and multiplicate number (a – the man, aa – people, aad – a member of a society, az – a giant).

Plural is formed by doubling of a vowel: аа – people, aaj –women. If it is a question of words where there are diphthongs in plural they will be transformed to triphthongs (it is added u-): ое – a bone, uое – bones. Adjectives as an independent part of speech in Arahau are not allocated. It is possible to speak, however, about «adjectives cases» –affixes: ad – the small man, az – the big man, af – the dead man, nunu – a sleepy animal...

There is binary (pair), and even the figurative number used infrequently. A marker of this category h-: haj – two women, haaj – three women. And also for pair things –‘horns’ hucr, ‘brothers’ hara. Plural of higher order is less often used: haca - ‘four’, haaca - ‘five’, hacaa - ‘six' it can be characterized and the combinatory number uniting different gender categories: taaj – they women, tacaj – they the man and the woman. And can be united not only people: tacij – they (the man and a grass).

 

Interrogative
The interrogative forms are constructed by an interrogative words (do, vo, go, etc.), or special formants ro- (“whether”). Rotáfrs? – “We shall meet?” Gotafr? – “What do you see?” Ofsus? – “Where do you live?” or Fofas? – “Where is your house?” Odors? – “What is your name?”

how, which

do-|od-

means

dor

by no means

lod

somehow

dlo-

than

vo-|ov-

material

vor

by nothing

lov

by something

vlo-

and

co-|oc-

union, league

cor

-

-

-

-

but

no-|on-

opponent

nor

-

-

-

-

let, if

mo-|om-

admission (condition)

mor

-

-

-

-

where

fo-|of-

search

for

nowhere

lof

somewhere

flo-

whereas, while

zo-|oz-

consequence

zor

-

-

-

-

when

bo-|ob-

time

bor

never

lob

at one time

blo-

whether

ro-|or-

question

ror

-

-

-

-

what

go-|og-

object, place

gor

nothing

log

something

glo-

who

ko-|ok-

subject

kor

nobody

lok

somebody

klo-

it, this

ho-|oh-, arg

index, guide

hor

-

-

-

-

even

to-|ot-

hyperbola

tor

-

-

every, each

tlo-

may be

po-|op-

possibility

por

always

lop

all

plo-

 

Negation
Negation besides has the double nature; and in general behind the letter l the special role admits word-formation. Compare wide application of this sound in case formants k/kl – above/under, p/pl – in/from, v/vl – to/from, b/bl – with/without, d/dl – near/far.

There are two kinds of negation– direct (l it is written before formant of negation: Lous! –“It is not necessary”; ltanras cags “It is not I have told him about you”; tlanras cags “I have not told him about you”; tanrals cags “I not to it have told about you”; tanras clags “I have told him not about you”) and logic (l it is written to postpositions: al – inanimate object> a thing; alza – the nature).

As well as in English, in Arahau there is an interdiction of double negation lokfrás (literally “Anybody will see you”).

Negation together with “game by vowels” – rather productive way of word-formation: lard – legless, lürd – stagnation, lord – leglessness, lurd – padless.

 

Yes! < "I want"

Taus!

Welcome! < "foot+good"

Arkë!

No!

Lo!

Thank you < "I am doing good"

Tës! Tesë! Toisë!

Ah!

Nara! Nar!

Its a pleasure!

Cotës, log!

Free places are absent

Logor! Lonalagoor!

-

-

Ahoy!

Ty!

Pleas! < "I need"

Tous!

Hello! < "I hear"

Tatr!

Help! < "I'm asking a help", "Give a hand"

Touls! Tăroessoul! Oisafr!

By! < See you

Táfr!

Good day, mister!

Frë, az! Oehenë, az!

Stop! < "not+foot"

Lark! Hana!

Good night, madam!

Hrë, ajz!

Farewell! < I not see you"

Tlafr!

Come here!

Evs! Hevs!

Go out! < "evil+foot"

Yrk!

Hi! < "I glad to see you"

Tëfr! Tafrës!

 

Qualitative
Qualitative is a specific feature of language Arahau, capable to mark concept as a category of the Evil (Yrei) or Good (Ërei). As though in this lingual matters from time immemorial exists postulate of Manichaeism: Ëreihuulsyr – “Good always wins an Evil”. As it was already spoken, the letter at is considered indecent and with its help shades of roughness, curses and damnations are transferred. For example, Vlesë – please, leave, Vlesy! – Get out!

 

Gradation of vital force
Gradation of vital force is the most typical certificate active system of Arahau language. Arahau consist a complex interlacing of animate/inanimateness, activity/static character and the active/passive voices.

Connection formants changes «vital force» of a noun: af – the deadman, a mummy, a skeleton, am – the young man, ma – the alive man, an – elder, na – mobile, vigorous. Moreover, a method of reduplication is possible to achieve more thin adjustments: ana – costing (anar – a stop), nana – sleeping (nanar – a dream), anan – sitting (ananor – a throne), nan – to yawn, a pharynx, chaos. By inclusions of function of negation can be developed a theme further away: mal – involuntary (malor – the prison), nal – free, nala – new, anal – to lay.

Changing a vowel (vocal sound), it is possible to achieve generation of sense: if is ‘a hand-made article’, in ‘a dry trees’, mi ‘runaway’, ni ‘sprout’...

 

Gradient of deceleration

Gradient of acceleration

af to dead

an to grow old

 

am grow young again

 

na to move

nal to be free

ma to live

mal to be forced

nan to gape, to yawn

nala to be new

mam to sweep

mala to drown

ana to stay

anal to lay

ama to fly

amal to fall

anan to seat

anam to hang

amam to go, to drive

aman to carry

nana to sleep

nanal to be awake

mama to run

mamal to creep

 

 

Active
(the repositories of action)

Inactive
(the perception of action)

person

k-
one who...

p-
one whom
...

non-person

the repositories of action

g-
that...

production of action

v-
that does... (that the... gives)

place

f-
there
, where...

 

Other formations: aimail – ‘a rockfall’, but compare amalgardei (amardeil) ‘a meteoric shower’, fanan –‘a boardroom’, amum ‘the man goes on an animal’> ‘the rider’, mumu ‘running herd’, umum ‘a horse’, nini ‘winter’, amu ‘the man flies in the plane’> ‘to fly by plane’, gama ‘the plane’, Hana! ‘stop!’ ünü ‘a bog’, mümü ‘a flood’, Mümüz ‘the Great flood ’ Hunub! ‘No admittans with animals’, mamakfor ‘running on the spot’.

 

I The maim verbs

The old verbs

Positive

Negative

 

Plural

 

as

ras

als,

rals

aas

 

to think

to sing

to kill

?

to thing for a long time

II Temporal and aspect verbs

ás, ans, nas, ajs, jas,

ams, mas, jans, ajns,

jams, ajms

 

III Moods

Subjunctive avs (vas) if to think

Imperative           has! Do think!

 

Somatic

Facial

 

Singular

Pseudoverbs

Modal

Complex pseudoverbs

Pleonastic

Pseudonegative

 

Gradual

семейство глаголов

arb(s)

bra(s)

 

 

a

 

aussa

 

fasaad

assa

ala

 

na, an, nan, ana…

to pull faces

to move by a head

 

 очеловечить

 

want to think

 

to learn

 brood

somebody else's

 

to move, to grow old, to yawn, to stay…

IV Qualitative

Invective

ys, yas, ays, aysy… to think the evil…

 

Courteous forms

ёs, ёas, aёs, asё to think the good, to create the good

 

 

Verb
The verb characterizes formant -s. Compare: a (the man), as (to think); u (an animal), us (to be, to exist).

The category of the man is made out by prefixes sas (you think/ he thinks), tas (I think). Instead of linear temporal concept of Indo-European languages (yesterday-today-tomorrow) in Arahau presented the radial model of Tense (now and possibly) which varies from two corners of sight, or aspects (duration-prescription and frequency-speed). The similar concept is in the African languages of family Akan. Irreal tense is marked by acute: tás (like would think and I shall think, may be). Aspects (specific characteristics) are designated by infixes -n-, -j-, -m-. There are centrifugal and centripetal versions of verbs.

 

a

-as- to think
-ras- to sing
-als-
to kill

ö

-ös- to rest
-rös- to flower
-öls-
to turn

ae

ae – metall

-aes- to cut
-raes- to ruin
-aels- to treat

oa

oa – wool, black

-oas- ought
-roas- to loom
-oals- to be a good

ä

-äs- to drink
-räs-
to bite
-äls-
to fly

u

-us- to be
-rus- to exist
-uls-
to eat

ai

ai – stone

-ais- to bt able
-rais- to beat
-ails- to caress

ei

ei – abstraction

-eis- become
-reis-
to create
-eils-
to deprive

e

-es- to do
-res- to move
-els- to stay

ü

-üs- to flow
-rüs- to speak
-üls- to thicken

ou

ou – body, yellow

-ous- to need
-rous-
to give birth
-ouls-
to help

ea

ea – air

-eas- to sound
-reas- to destroy
-eals- to keep

i

-is- have
-ris- to grow
-ils- be absent

au

au – blood, red

-aus- to want
-raus- to frighten
-auls- to reject

oe

oe – bone, white

-oes- to make
-roes-
to ask
-oels-
подчиняться

y

-ys- to irritate
-rys- to be rude
-yls- to dead

o

-os- to feeling
-ros- to call
-ols- to be silent

ao

ao – fire

-aos- to burn
-raos- to blush
-aols- to put out

oi

oi – blue

-ois- to give
-rois-
to catch
-oils- to take

ë

-ës- to gladden
-rës-
to be polite
-ëls- to survive

 

tasse

 I think to do

tosse

I am feeling, what to do

tösse

 I quiet to do

tarüsse

I am speaking, what to do

tausse 

 I want to do

tolsse

I am be silencing

taisse

 I can to do

tarausse

I am be afraid of to do

tousse 

 I (think that) 

necessary to do

toulsse

I am helping to do

toisse  

  I am giving to do

toilsse

I am undertake to do

toasse

  I must to do



The aspects:

tes

  I am doing

tees

I'm doing very long ago (and I'll be doing perhaps)

tjes

  I shall be doing 

(I'll be intending to do)

tjés

I shall have intended to do

tejs

  I'm doing often

téjs

I've done often

tnes

  I'm doing quickly

tnés

I have to do quickly

tens

  I'm doing for a long time 

(slowly)

téns

I've done for a long time (slowly)

tmes 

  I'm doing now

tmés

I've done already

tems

  I'm doing again

téms

I've done again

 

Pronouns

1

I
(near person)

Non-I
(far person)


   2

3
Ergative

4

5
Absolute

6

3
Ergative

4

5

6
Absolutive

11

I (male)

ta/t

t- [t]

-t [t]

-t

sa/s

s- [s]

-s [s]

-s

You (m)

I (female)

taj

tj- [ʨ]

-t’ [tj]

-ajt

saj

sj- [ɕ]

-s’ [sj]

-ajs

You (f)

We (m)

taa

tt- [tt]

-tt [tt]

-aat

saa

ss- [ss]

-ss [ss]

-aas

We (m)

We (f)

taaj

ttj- [ʣʣ]

-tt’ [ttj]

-aajt

saaj

ssj- [ʐʐ]

-ss’ [ssj]

-aajs

We (f)

We (two)

taca

tc- [ʦʦ]

-ct [ʦʦ]

-acat

saca

sc- [zz]

-cs [zz]

-acas

We (two)

We (m+f)

tacaj

tcj- [ʤ]

-ct’ [ʨ]

-acajt

sacaj

scj- [ʤʤ]

-cs’ [ɕ]

-acajs

We (m+f)

We (three)

taaca

ttc- [ʣ]

-ctt [ʣ]

-aacat

saaca

ssc- [ʐ]

-css [ʐ]

-aacas

We (three)

Two male+female

taacaj

ttcj- [ʧʧ]

-ctt’ [ʥ]

-aacajt

saacaj

sscj- [ʂʂ]

-css’ [ʑ]

-aacajs

Two male+female

We (four)

tacaa

tcc- [ʧ]

-cct [ʧ]

-acaat

sacaa

scc- [ʂ]

-ccs [ʂ]

-acaas

We (four)

Male+two female

tacaaj

tccj- [ʨʨ]

-cct’ [ʨʨ]

-acaajt

sacaaj

sccj- [ɕɕ]

-ccs’ [zj]

-acaajs

Male+two female

1 – means of pronouns;
2 – detailed names of pronouns of near person;
3 – pronouns in ergative (detailed forms);
4 – pronouns in ergative (brief forms);
5 – pronouns in absolutive (brief forms);
6 – pronouns in absolutive (detailed forms);
11 –detailed names of pronouns of far person.
 

Numerals

0

plus

 

 

million

AZ

milliard

AZEI

 

 

1

arg

 

 

100

AR

1000

URS

10.000

RAJ

2

ha

1/2

had

200

har

2000

hanurs

 

 

3

harg

1/3

hargod

300

hargar

3000

hargurs

 

 

4

haca

1/4

hacad...

400

hacar

4000

hacanurs

 

 

5

ard

500

ardar

5000

ardurs...

 

 

 

 

6

ardarg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

hard

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

hacana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

blarg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

arf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

arh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

harf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

hargarf

30

arfark

31

arfarkcarg

32

arfark(co)ha

 

 

14

hacarf

40

harka

41

harkacarg

42

harka(co)ha...

 

 

15

rza

50

harkaarf

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

arl

60

harkab

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

arlarg

70

rkablarf

 

 

 

 

 

 

18

harl

80

hacark

 

 

 

 

 

 

19

blarm

90

rfabl

 

 

 

 

 

 

20

rka

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21

rpa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22

rpaj

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23

rka(co)harg...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numerals are based on somatic subclasses. Multiples of five carry the name arf “the left hand” (ten), ard “the right hand” (five), rka “the left leg” (twenty), rza “the right leg” (fifteen), and also some other parts of a body, as in some Papuan and Tongan languages. The system of counting up to 10 is five-base (quinary), and after 20 it's vigesimal. The separate names have numeratives 21 (rpa) and 22 (rpaj), meaning taboo parts of a body. 100 - ar (mankind, weights), 1000 urs - (genesis), 10000 - raj (uncertain etymology), az - million (mister), azei - one million (giant). Zaharg - billion, zahac - quadrillion, zard - pentillion. 

Links

Cláudio Rinaldi, Arahau // Minihistoria del linguas philosophic: De Aristoteles al Toki Pona, 2011, стр. 34, Le Almanac de Interlingua  
"Asa" #10, 2012 (Literature magazine in Arahau language) 
Arahau in Frath.net
Arahau in Omniglot
Pater Noster on Arahau (Christusrex.org)

Arahau in Facebook 
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Arahau in Google+ 
 

Contacts
E-mail: rbardalzo@yandex.ru (Ivan Karasev)

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