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Arahau


Arahau 
[ara'xaŭ] is an a priori constructed language created by Russian writer Ivan Karasev in 2006.

The Arahau language is polysynthetic and typologically active. This is unlike most artificial languages. Each vowel designates a noun, and consonants designate grammatical formants. This system often lets Arahau produce compact speech. Arahau has been found to have similarities with Basque and Nakh-Dagestanian languages.

Arahau is a minimal language. It has 26 phonemes (not including diphthongs and triphthongs) and about 100 main root words. Grammar is minimally inflected. The valency of a verb and word order determine case, because it is an active-stative language. Auxiliary formants mark constructions such as questions, negative polarity, and grammatical aspects. Arahau has a system of noun classes. They are marked by vowels (a – the humans, u – the animals, i – the plants, o – the names etc.).

Arahau is inspired by natural philosophy and dualism. There are only two grammatical genders, tenses (real and irreal), grammatical numbers, personal pronouns (near and far), grammatical cases (translative case and possessive), parts of speech (the verb and the noun) etc.

Arahau uses only the Subject Verb Object (SVO) word order.

Arahau it is the only conlang, which can to form a numbers like sextillion and above. For example: az - million, zaharg - billion, zahac - quadrillion, zard - pentillion.

Arahau is currently ranked #7 as the Best Conlang of All Time on ListNerd.


The alphabet and reading
Arahau's alphabet is Latin. It has 27 letters: 
A, Ä, B, C, D, E, Ë, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, Ö, P, R, S, T, U, Ü, V, Y, Z 
which correspond to 27 sounds. There are ten vowels and seventeen consonants.

Each letter corresponds to one phoneme (one precise sound). Pronunciation does not depend on a letter's position in a word. In particular, consonants at the end of a word are never silenced, and vowels do not change. The accent in words varies and falls, as a rule, on a root verb.

The pronunciation of practically all letters can be assumed without special preparation (M, N, K, etc.) The pronunciation of others is significant: 
Ä [
ʲa], Ö [ʲo], Ü [ʲu] as in German.
Y [ɨ].
Ë [ʲe].
Е [e].
H [x] the fricative sound [kh].
J as in the word 'yard'.
С – an affricate [ts].

Arahau uses double consonants (geminates), even at the beginning of a word. The structure of words is not uniform: There can be congestions of consonants, both in the beginning, and in the end. The usual construction of a word that consists of a maximal cluster is сссVссс.


Examples

Lord's Prayer
Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name,
your kingdom come,
your will be done,
on earth as in heaven.
Give us today our daily bread.
Forgive us our sins
as we forgive those who sin against us.
Save us from the time of trial
and deliver us from evil.
For the kingdom, the power,
and the glory are yours
now and for ever. Amen.


Ëttange msuohusoer
Msfarfésarkv músgausaskecö
Soisiragsaguastaa coezetlo cosareasguoastaa
Ctaarë’skuoastaa. Coslavadorfaat
Nsaulsyrtaakl marcozusfarfsopl. (Redaction 2007)


Ëttange msuohusoer
Msfarfésarkv msgausahúskecö 
Hoisiragausaat, otloeza chareasguoasaat 
Ctaarë’skuoasaat. Clavadorfaat 
Nohaulsyroklaat marocozusfarfslo
p. (Redaction 2013)

Simbols
"Arahau emerged in 2006 on the initiative of the writer and Russian poet Ivan Karasev. This language, a minima, is equipped with a flag: its somewhat abstract drawing is based on white and red, symbols of “dualism” and “natural philosophy” which seem to have inspired the language, without any other details for the moment".

"L’Arahau a émergé en 2006 à l’initiative de l’écrivain et poète russe Ivan Karasev (Né en 1970 à Krasnodar). Cette langue a minima (l’Arahau ne comporte que vingt-six phonèmes et environ cent “mots-racines”) est dotée d’un drapeau: son dessin quelque peu abstrait est basé sur le blanc et le rouge, symboles du “dualisme” et de la “philosophie naturelle” qui semblent avoir inspiré la langue, sans autre détail pour le moment".
(Patrice de La Condamine).

Links
Best Conlang of All Time. listnerd.com. Retrieved 9 March 2015
Conceptual Metaphors.Conlangery, #66. conlangery.com. Retrieved 9 March 2015
Cláudio Rinaldi, Minihistoria del linguas philosophic: De Aristoteles al Toki Pona. Le Almanac de Interlingua, 2011
Arahauvarf. omniglot.com. Retrieved 9 March 2015
Arahau. christusrex.org. Retrieved 9 March 2015
Patrice de La Condamine, Flags of Constructed Languages, Washington, D.C., USA 1–5 August 2011 // 24th International Congress of Vexillology. North American Vexillogical Associacion
Patrice de La Condamine, Les Drapeaux des Langues Construites, Washington, D.C., USA 1–5 August 2011 // 24th International Congress of Vexillology. North American Vexillogical Associacion