|Term ||Meaning ||Examples |
||Word formed from the initial letter or letters of each of the
successive or major parts of a composite term.
||Used in Ghana for institutions and organisations, e.g. Adisco
(Adisadel College), SWOPA (Sirigu Women Organisation of Pottery & Art),
rather than for place-names.
of two or more toponyms employed in reference to a single topographic
feature. (Note that in The Database this term is also used to refer to different spellings of the same toponym which may or may not have the same meaning, e.g -so = on, but -su = water.)
traditional name of Cape Coast is Oguaa
name. (cf. eponym)
Pari, Kwame Danso
of two letters that represent a single phoneme.
in Kpandu, 'tw' in Twifo
name of a people or place which is used in their own language.
people in the Likpe area call themselves 'Bakpele'.
of a person or group of persons after or for whom a place is named. (cf.
Pari, Kwame Danso
name given to a specific ethnic group.
to Reindorf, "Adanse was the first seat of the Akan nation".
name given to a place or people by those outside.
is the exonym for the people who call themselves 'Bakpele'.
of toponyms arranged in alphabetic or other sequential order, with an
indication of their location and preferably including variant names
standard atlas index
representation of a phoneme in a particular language. (But note that in Ghana
it is not standard practice to use non-Roman symbols in place names.)
Twi grapheme 'ky' is equivalent to the English grapheme 'ch'
|heterograph ||This term, which is not yet in general usage, is suggested to describe alternative spellings of the same name which have occurred prior to the standardisation of a language's orthography. ||The heterograph 'Odumasi' is often seen instead of the correct Twi spelling 'Odumase'.|
single word which expresses a whole phrase or combination of ideas.
name 'Domeabra' means 'If you love me, come'.
of two or more identical toponyms denoting different topographic features
(Central Region) & Odumasi (Volta Region)
applied to a hydrographic feature.
native to a given region.
indigenous language of Mankesim is Fante
from which a name is transformed to, or adopted by, another language.
source language of 'Elmina' is Portuguese
word or phrase which describes an attribute of the thing to which it is applied.
(road junction) is a metonym for the town Nkwanta.
minimal distinctive unit in grammar; the smallest functioning unit in the
composition of words.
the name 'Odumase', there are 2 morphemes: 'odum', a species of tree, and
'ase' meaning 'under'
|A name based on sounds associated with that which is named.||The roaring sound ('huhu') made by Boti Falls can be heard in the nearby village of Huhunya. |
applied to a feature of topographic elevation, such as a mountain or a
Gemi; Gambaga Scarp
smallest unit of sound in the phonological structure of a language that
changes meaning. The symbol is usually surrounded by oblique slashes.
∫ / represents the English sound 'sh'
noun applied to a topographic feature.