Jesse Jackson Sr (born October 8, 1941) is an African-American civil rights activist and Baptist minister who participated in the 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches organized by Dr Martin Luther King, Jr. and other civil rights leaders in Alabama, .was a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1984 and 1988 and served as shadow senator for the District of Columbia from 1991 to 1997. He was the founder of the Rainbow Coalition and Operation PUSH that merged to form Rainbow/PUSH (see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesse_Jackson ).
Reverend Jesse Jackson Sr used the expression "educational apartheid."at the Chicago Board of Education's February 22 meeting, where this unelected body voted unanimously to close or "turn around" 17 schools of which all were in African American and Latino neighborhoods, sparking a battle between the Chicago Teachers Union (CTU) and Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel (former Chief of Staff of President Barack Obama and the pro-Zionist son of an Irgun terrorist involved in the Zionist-imposed Palestinian Genocide). In drawing an analogy with the 1957 Little Rock Arkansas in which Federal troops were used to uphold the US Supreme Court judgment on desegregation, Jesse Jackson stated (2012): “It's a type of segregation when, within the same school system, you have an upper tier and a lower tier…There is no balance to make the system democratic. There's no one here fighting for kids and [for] all of them to have the same things other kids have north of North Avenue [on the predominately white North Side]. [There are] 160 schools without a library, 140 south of North Avenue. That's apartheid.” .
. Lee Sustar, “A struggle for education justice in Chicago”, Socialist Worker, 13 March 2012: http://socialistworker.org/2012/03/13/education-justice-in-chicago .