English for Speakers of Other Languages

Mary Klement, MS.ED., Literacy/TESOL

National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition (NCELA)

Wonderful list of resources including: digital libraries, social/emotional support, and parent resources for "low-tech" learning.


211Maine is a resource available simply by dialing "211" on your phone. A person will assist you in finding whatever help you need in the state of Maine.



ESL Classroom Strategies

1. Use many visual aids or realia.

2. Model appropriate behavior and language for students.

3. Use gestures, body language, and facial expressions to develop understanding.

4. Perform demonstrations to ensure comprehension and in depth understanding.

5. Provide vocabulary previews of forthcoming lessons.

6. Ask students to make predictions when reading stories aloud.

7. Adapt and simplify material in books to make it more comprehensible.

8. Provide cooperative learning groups.

9. Provide multicultural content in classroom.

10. Provide primary language support for students needing assistance.

11. Create a non-threatening environment where students feel comfortable to take risks with language.

12. Make connections between content being taught and students’ prior knowledge and experiences.

13. Provide more time for student engagement and interaction with the teacher.

14. Allow time for students to practice and apply daily lessons.

15. Provide wait time for student responses.