Rice‎ > ‎

Varieties

Variety / Hybrid

Popular Name

Origin

Year of release

Duration in days

Yield t/ha

Special attributes

GEB 24

Kichili samba

Spontaneous Mutant

1921

150

3.5

Fine grain, good quality rice

CO 1

Peria Kichili

Pureline

1923

155

3.2

Medium fine, suitable for samba season

CO 2

Poombalai

-do-

1923

152

3.8

Adaptable to late planting

CO 3

Vellai samba

-do-

1923

161

3.6

Drought tolerant, suitable for samba season

ADT 1

Red sirumani

Pureline

1925

175

3.4

SB, white, good table rice, samba / thaladi

ADT 2

White sirumani

Pureline

1925

165

3.4

SB, white, finer than ADT 1, samba / thaladi

ADT 3

Kuruvai

Pureline

1925

95

3.5

SB, white, earliness, Kuruvai

ADT 4

Kuruvai

Pureline

1925

100

4.3

SB, white earliness, kuruvai

ADT 5

Nellore samba

Pureline

1925

180

3.1

SB, white, samba / thaladi

ADT 6

Red ottadam

Pureline

1925

220

2.2

SB, white, Udu cultivation

ADT 7

White ottadam

Pureline

1925

220

2.2

SB, white, Udu cultivation

CO 4

Anaikomban

-do-

1926

187

3.0

Resistant to blast

CO 5

Chinna samba

-do-

1926

164

3.5

Suitable for late planting

CO 6

Sadai samba

-do-

1926

176

3.7

Fine grain, good tillering variety

CO 7

Sadai samba

-do-

1926

158

3.5

Translucent, white, fine grain

ADT 8

Early white sirumani

Molagalagulu ADT2

1930

150

3.3

SB, white, Early samba  / thaladi

TKM 1

-

Pureline

1930

130-140

1.6

Coarse, red rice, resistant to blast of Northern district of Tamil Nadu

CO 8

Anaikomban

-do-

1931

180

3.2

Fine grain

CO 9

Kar samba Red

 

Pureline

1932

115

3.0

Red grain, suitable for Kar, Kuruvai season

CO 10

Gobi kar

Pureline

1932

120

3.0

Fine grain, suitable for kar, kuruvai seasons

CO 11

Ayan samba

-do-

1933

185

3.0

Fine, white grain, suitable for samba season

CO 12

Sendhilnayagam

do-

1933

185

3.0

Suitable for second season

ADT 9

Ponnkar

Pureline

1933

120

4.5

SB, white, early kuruvai season

ADT 10

Korangu samba

Pureline

1933

165

4.5

SB, white, Good for cold rice samba / thaladi

ADT 11

Nellore samba

Pureline

1933

175

3.8

SB, white, quality rice, finer than ADT 5, Samba / thaladi

ADT 12

Chitrakali

Pureline

1936

115

3.9

LB, white withstand irregular water supply, kuruvai

ADT 13

Sanna samba

Pureline

1936

160

4.4

SB, white, quality rice, samba / thaladi

ADT 14

Vellaikar

Pureline

1937

115

4.5

LB, white, Kuruvai

ADT 15

Senkuruvai

Mutant from ADT 4

1937

110

4.2

SB, white, resistant to foot rot, kuruvai

ADT 16

Konakuruvai

Pureline

1938

115

4.2

LS, white, fine quality rice kuruvai

ADT 17

Konakuruvai

Pureline

1938

165

4.2

SB, white withstand submergence, samba / thaladi

ADT 18

Vellakuruvai

Pureline

1938

125

4.0

SB, white, kuruvai

ADT 19

Sarapalli

Pureline

1939

109

4.3

LB, white, kuruvai

CO 13

Arupatham Kodai

Pureline

1940

110

3.0

Early suitable for all seasons

CO 14

 

Perunthandu Vellai samba

CO 3 x

T 275

 

1940

 

170

 

3.0

 

Non lodging

 

CO 15

Jadamolagulu

kulu

GEB24xADT10

1940

190

3.5

 

Blast resistant

CO 16

Benthamolagulukulu

GEB 24x ADT 10

1940

185

3.0

Blast resistant, non lodging

CO 17

Chinnavadan samba

Pureline

1941

165

2.5

Suitable for semi dry conditions

CO 18

Vellai kar

Pureline

1941

125

2.7

Suitable for sornavari and kar seasons

CO 19

Chingleput serumani

Pureline

1941

180

3.5

Fine grain

CO 20

Tellasanna vadulu

Pureline

1941

125

3.0

Medium white grain

ADT 20

Hybrid kuruvai

ADT 3/ ADT 2

1941

105

4.2

SB, white, earliness, kuruvai

ADT 21

Vadan samba (Thanjavur)

Pureline

1941

150

3.5

LB, red, withstands salinity and deap water, samba / thaladi

CO 21

Arupatham samba

Pureline

1942

100

2.4

Bold, white, grain, suitable for kar, kuruvai seasons

CO 22

Manavari

Pureline

1942

120

2.4

Suited to winter season

ADT 22

Vadan samba (North Arcot)

Pureline

1942

153

3.4

SB, white, for drought area, samba / thaladi

ASD 1

Kar samba (Red)

Pureline

1943

115

4.5

SB, red, ruling strain in kar of Thirunelveli

CO 23

Rangoon samba

Pureline

1944

135

3.5

Fertilizer responsive

ASD 2

Kar samba (white)

Pureline

1944

110

4.0

SB, white suitable for kar season

ASD 3

Veedhividangan

Pureline

1944

135

3.0

SB, red, drought resistant, Pishanam

ASD 4

Kuruvakalyan

Pureline

1945

135

3.5

LB, red, Pishanam

ASD 5

Karthigai samba

Pureline

1945

150

4.0

MS, red, suitable for late planting and rainfed areas

ASD 6

Anaikomban

Pureline

1945

160

3.0

MS, white, Non-shedding suitable for pishanam

ASD 7

Kar samba (red) early

Pureline

1945

160

3.0

SB, Red, suitable for kar

CO 25

Hybrid sirumani

CO 4 x ADT 10

1949

175

3.5

Resistant to blast

CO 26

Hybrid nellur samba

CO 4 x ADT 10

1949

200

3.0

Resistant to blast

TKM 2

Sembalai

Pureline

1950

120-125

1.3

Medium, white rice

TKM 3

Sornavari

Pureline

1950

105-110

3.0

Coarse, white rice

TKM 4

Yerra sannavadlu

Pureline

1950

115

2.7

Fine, white rice

ADT 24

Poon samba

Pureline

1951

150

3.4

SB, white, for semi dry cultivation, samba / thaladi

ASD 8

Thuyamalli

Pureline

1951

86

3.0

SD, red, very early suitable for kar nursery area and summer

ASD 9

Avasara samba

Pureline

1951

92

3.0

SB, red suitable for bar

CO 27

Pudupatti samba

Pureline

1952

160

3.0

Consumer preference

CO 28

Bangaru theegalu

Pureline

1952

160

2.0

Fine grain, suitable for samba

ASD 10

Kolavali

Pureline

1952

170

2.5

SB, white, withstands water stagnation, suitable for pishanam

TKM 5

Manakkattai

Pureline

1952

110-115

2.7

Puttur rice, coarse, red rice

 

TKM 6

Sanna sornavari

GEB 24 / Co 18

1952

115

3.0

Fine, white rice, resistant to SB, LF, GLH and RTV

ADT 25

Blast resistant sirumani

ADT 2/

CO4

1953

165

3.9

SB, white, quality rice, samba / thaladi

CO 29

Arupatham kodai

CO 13 x

CO 4

1960

110

3.0

Blast resistant, suitable for Navarai season

CO 30

Hybrid kichili samba

GEB 24 x CO 4

1960

165

2.8

Blast resistant

CO 31

Ottu manavarai

O.perennis x GEB 24

1963

145

2.4

Drought resistant

CO 32

Thiruchengodu samba

Pureline

1964

135

3.8

Quality rice

ADT 26

Mattai kuruvai

Pureline

1964

105

4.3

SB, Red, tolerant to salinity, kuruvai

ASD 12

Ottu anaikomban

Pureline

1964

165

4.5

MS, white, suitable for pishanam

ADT 27

Kuruvai sirumani

Norin8/ GEB 24

1965

105

4.8

SB, white, earliness, high yield, kuruvai

ASD 13

Arikiravai

Pureline

1965

170

4.0

LB, red, suitable for pishanam

ADT 28

Sigappu kuruvai

ADT 3/  CH 42

1966

102

4.4

SB, white, withstands water stagnation, kuruvai

CO 33

Karuna

IR 8 x ADT 27

1970

105

5.7

Short round grain, non lodging

CO 34

Kanchi

TN I x

CO 29

1970

115

7.0

Heavy yielder, wider adaptability

CO 35

Cauveri

TN 1 x TKM 6

1970

110

5.2

Early high yielding

ASD 14

Pennai

TN 1 / ASD 1

1970

110-105

4.8

MS, red semi dwarf with ideal plant type, suitable for kar

ADT 29

Karikalan

T (N) 1/ ADT 27

1972

110

5.8

SB, white, semi dwarf, resistant to blast, kuruvai

CO 36

Thriuchengodu Ottu

IR 8 x

CO 32

1973

130

7.5

Photo thermo sensitive

 

Bhavani

Peta x

BPI 76

1973

135

6.1

Direct introduction, long slender quality rice

TKM 7

Kullakar

Pureline

1973

105

2.0 (R)

4.3 (I)

Bold red rice, suits all seasons and soil types

CO 37

Vaigai

TN 1 x

CO 29

1974

110 - 115

6.5

Resistant to sheath blight

ADT 30

-

IR 262 / ADT 27

1974

90

3.5

LB, white, dwarf, early, 11% protein, kuruvai / samba

ADT 31

-

IR 8/ cul. 340

1974

105

6.2

SB, white high yield, kuruvai

CO 38

Bhagavathi

IR 8 X CO 25

1975

150

6.0

Blast resistant

CO 39

Amaravathi

Cul.340x

Kannagi

1975

90 – 95

4.0

Short duration

TKM 8

-

TN 1 / TKM 6

1976

120-125

5.0

Medium, white rice

CO 40

Rajarajan

IR 8 X CO 25

1977

165-175

7.2

Heavy yielder, tolerant to blast

ADT 32

­-

IR 20 / pusa 33

1978

110

4.9

MS, white aromatic rice, kuruvai / late thaladi

TKM 9

-

TKM 7 / IR 8

1978

110

2.5 (R) 5.5 (I)

Coarse, red rice, suits dry semidry, and wetland conditions

CO 41

-

Cul.2410 x IR 22

1979

100 -105

4.5

Fine rice, low nitrogen responsive

CO 42

-

RP 31492 x LMN

1979

135-140

6.0

Tolerant to BPH

ADT 33

Karikalan

IR 8 / cul.340

1979

110

5.6

MOS, white, moderate resistant to BLB kuruvai

ADT 34

-

IR 8 / Rodjolele

1979

110

5.9

SB, white, moderate resistant to pests, thaladi

ADT 35

-

Bhavani / Jaya

1979

135

4.5

LS, white tolerant to salinity, thaladi

ASD 15

-

IR 20 / IR 22

1979

115-125

4.6

MS, white, semi dwarf with super fine rice

MDU 1

-

IR 8 / Chithirai kar

1979

120

1.8

Red bold, suitable for rainfed cultivation

ADT 36

-

Triveni / IR 20

1980

110

6.0

MS, white, high yield, resistant to blast, and BLB, kuruvai / Late thaladi

Paiyur 1

 

-

IR 1721-14 / IR 1330-2

1981

140-145

5.9

High grain and straw yield potential best suited to samba and Navarai seasons at Dharmapuri districts

CO 43

-

Dasal x

IR 20

1982

135

5.2

Fine grain, tolerant to alkalinity and salinity

CO 44

-

ASD 5 x IR 20

1983

135

4.9

Superior to IR 20 in grain size and quality, highly suited for late sown conditions

MDU 2

-

CO 25 /

IR 8

1984

135

4.7

Medium, white grain, cold tolerant rice variety

PMK 1

-

Co 25 / ADT 31

1985

115-120

2.65

Medium white grain, drought tolerant, non-lodging, suitable for dry and semidry cultivation

TPS 1

-

IR 8/Katti samba

1985

110-115

4.8

Grain short bold with red rice, suitable for semi dry and wet conditions

ASD 16

-

ADT 31/ Co 39

1986

110-115

5.6

SB, white, semi dwarf, high protein, moderate resistant to SB and BPH. Suitable for kar and late pishanam.

ADT 37

-

BG 280-12 / PTB 33

1987

105

6.2

SB, white, resistant  RTV, blast, kuruvai

ADT 38

-

IR 1529-680-3-2/IR 4432-52-6/IR 7963-30-2

1987

130

5.0

LS, white resistant to blasts and GLH and samba / Thaladi

TPS 2

-

IR 26 / CO 40

1987

125-130

4.6

Grain short bold with white rice, moderately resistant to BPH and blast

ADT 39

-

IR 8/ IR 20

1988

120

5.0

MS, white, resistant to blast, brown spot, BLB and GLH, thaladi

ASD 17

-

ADT 31 / Rathna // ASP 8 / IR 8

1989

100

5.4

SB, red, semi dwarf, suitable for tail end areas, and direct seeding and kar and late pishanam

MDU 3

-

IR 8 / W.1263

1989

125

5.0

Long slender, white grain gall midge resistant

CO 45

-

R. Hennati x IR 3403.207.I

1990

135

5.8

An alternative variety to Co 43, and IR 20 and resistant to blast, BLB and RTV

ASD 18

-

ADT 31 / IR 50

1991

105-110

7.3

MS, semi dwarf, high head rice recovery, resistant to BPH, BPH and blast, suitable for kar, late pishanam and summer

MDU 4

-

AC 2836 / Jegannath

1991

125

5.8

Long slender, white grain, cold tolerant

TKM 10

-

CO 31/ C.22

1992

130-135

4.0

Medium slender, white

ADT 41

JJ 92

Mutant of Basmati 378

1993

105

4.8

ELS, white, aromatic rice, kuruvai

TPS 3

-

RP 31-492/LMN

1993

135-140

6.1

Grain short bold with white rice, moderately resistant to BPH, blast and leaf spot, suitable for ‘Ela’ conditions

CORH 1

MGR

IR 62829 A x IR 10198-66-2R

1994

115

6.0

Hybrid rice- first in India, medium slender rice, moderately resistant to BPH, GLH and RTV

ADT 42

-

AD 9246 / ADT 29

1994

115

5.5

LS, white, moderate resistant to blast and BPH, kuruvai

PMK 2

-

IR 13564 –149/ASD 4

1994

100-105

3.2

White, medium bold grains resistance to BPH, field tolerance to blast, suitable for both dry and semi dry cultivation

ASD 11

Ottu kichili

Natural cross (GEB24/PTB15)

1995

150

4.5

MS, white, suitable for late planting, suitable for pishanam

ASD 19

-

Lainakanda / IR 30

1995

120-132

5.8

SS, white, moderately resistant to blast, and tolerant to early drought, pishanam

TRY 1

Karaikal Peruvazhatan

BR 153 –23-10-1-3 (IR 578-172-2-2/BR I-2-13-19)

1995

135-140

5.0

Medium, white grain, saline tolerant, samba and thaladi seasons

MDU 5

-

Reselection from IR 10476 – 28-2-2 (O. glaberrima x pokkali)

1996

95-100

4.9

Medium slender, white rice, shorter duration, drought tolerance, suited for dry and semidry situations

CO 46

-

T 7 x LR 20

1997

125-130

6.0

BPH resistant

ASD 20

-

IR 18348-38-3/IR 25863-61-32 /IR 58

1997

110

7.5

Semi dwarf, resistant to stem borer, leaf folder and sheath rot, moderately resistant to blast and RTV

CORH 2

-

IR 58025A x C 20R

1998

125

6.1

Medium slender, white rice, non lodging, tolerant to saline and alkaline soil

ADT 43

-

IR 50 x improved white ponni

1998

105-110

5.9

Medium slender, white, finer than improved white Ponni, resistant to GLH

ADTRH 1

-

IR 58025 A / IR 66 R

1998

115

6.4

Long slender, white rice, mild aroma, moderate resistant to stem borer and leaf folder

TKM 11

-

C 22 / BJ 1

1998

110-120

3.0

LS, white, drought resistant suitable for samba rainfed

CO 47

-

IR 50 x

CO 43

1999

110 –115

5.8

Medium slender, white rice non lodging, resistant to blast

ADT 44

-

Selection from OR 128-7-S1 (IET 14099-1256(OR 142-99)

2000

145-150

6.2

Short bold, white rice, high head rice recovery, Resistant to GLH and  blast

ADT 45

-

IR 50 / ADT 37

2001

105-115

6.1

MS, white, suitable for sornavari /kar/kuruvai in wet transplanted and direct sown conditions

TRY 2

-

IET 6238 / IR 36

2001

115-120

5.3

White grain, saline tolerant, non lodging, non shattering suitable for Kuruvai and Navarai seasons

ADT (R) 46

-

ADT 38 x CO 45

2002

135

6.17

Suitable for thaladi and late samba, non lodging, long slender white  rice,  resistant to stem borer and leaf folder insets, high protein content (9.08%)

TKM (R) 12

-

TKM 9 x TKM 11

2002

115-120

3.04

Suitable for rainfed and samba season, resistant to drought, MS white rice, moderate resistant to stem borer, leaf folder insects and leaf spot disease, high protein content (9.9%)

PMK (R) 3 (PM 9106)

-

UPLR 17 × CO 43

2003

107-118

3.0

Higher productivity of 3 t/ha, drought tolerant, tolerant to leaf folder, stem borer, blast and sheath rot under field conditions, semidwarf, non lodging habit and non shattering

ADT 47

Jeeraga Kuruvai rice

ADT 43 / Jeera-gasamba

2005

118

6.2

High yielder, More number of tillers  with long compact panicles, Medium slender white rice, Moderately susceptible to stem-borer, leaf hopper, WBPH and sheath blight

ADT (R) 48

-

IET 11412 / IR 64

2005

94 (direct seeding)

99 (Transplanting)

4.8

Very early, Long slender white rice, better than MDU 5 in quality (head rice out-turn, amylose content, gel consistency and organo-leptic test), Resistant to stem-borer, green leaf hopper and gall midge

CORH 3

-

TNAU CMS 2A x CB 87 R

2006

115

6.5

24% higher yield than the high yielding varieties and 13% higher than the other hybrids. Tolerant to blast and RTD. Resistant to GLH and tolerant to WBPH and BPH.  Medium slender non-aromatic rice with good cooking qualities.  Synchrony in flowering of parents and so hybrid seed production is easier than other hybrids.

RMD (R) 1

-

Selection from TGR 75R

2006

100 – 105

4.0

Suited for rainfed direct seeding, short duration, high yielder under rainfed direct seeding, drought tolerant, semi dwarf, non-lodging and non-shattering habit, long bold white rice with 1000 grain weight of 24.3 g, high amylase content (25.6%) and head rice recovery (59%), resistant to stem borer and leaf folder, tolerant to bacterial leaf blight, blast and sheath rot.

TPS ( R ) 4

-

TS 29 / ASD 16

2006

95

5.8

Very early duration with high yield, medium bold white rice, field tolerance to  blast, brown spot and sheath blight and stem borer, leaf folder, BPH and GLH

CO (R ) 48

-

CO 43 / ASD 19

2007

130 –

135

6.0

Medium slender white fine rice similar to IWP, intermediate amylose content, gelatinization temperature and high linear elongation ratio on cooking, superior cooking quality, moderately resistant to stem borer, hoppers, blast, RTD and sheath blight.

CO (R ) 49

-

C 20 / RNR 52147

2008

130 –

135

9.7

Medium slender white fine rice similar to BPT 5204, intermediate amylose content, gelatinization temperature and high linear elongation ratio on cooking, superior cooking quality, suitable for late samba / thaladi seasons. Moderately resistant to blast and Rice tungro disease, yellow stem borer and green leaf hopper

PMK (R ) 4

-

Pantdhan 10 / IET 9911

2009

100 -105

4.5

Semi dwarf, erect, non-lodging, drought tolerant, long slender white rice with high head rice recovery (62.1%)

TNAU Rice CO 50

-

CO 43 / ADT 38

2010

130 –

135  

10.6

Medium slender rice, high head rice recovery, Intermediate amylose content, suitable for rice and idly making, moderately resistant to blast, sheath blight, brown spot, bacterial leaf blight and rice tungro disease.

TNAU Rice TRY 3

-

ADT 43 / Jeeraga samba

2010

135

5.8

Highly suitable for idly making, moderately tolerant to sodicity, medium bold grain, high milling (71.3%) and head rice recovery (66.0%), high out turn of rice flakes (82.2%), resistant to leaf folder, stem borer and brown plant hopper, resistant to blast, brown spot, sheath rot and sheath blight

TNAU Rice  ADT 49

-

CR 1009 /

J. Samba

2011

132

6.17

Semi-dwarf, erect habit and non lodging, medium slender, white rice with 1000 grain weight of 14.0 g, Moderately resistant to blast, sheath rot, sheath blight and resistant to RTD under artificial conditions. Moderately resistant to brown spot and leaf folder under field conditions, Milling yield (73.5%) and head rice yield (71.3%) is higher than the checks viz., BPT 5204, ADT 38 and ADT (R) 46.

 

TNAU Rice  ADT 50

-

BPT 5204/CR 1009

2012

149

5.9

Resistant to leaffolder, moderately resistant to  stem borer and moderately susceptible to  GLH, brown spot , blast  and RTD, Medium slender, white rice with less 1000 grain weight of 15.9g, Milling yield (77.3%) and head rice yield (63.2%) is higher than the checks  viz., CR 1009 and ADT 44.

TNAU Rice  Hybrid CO 4

-

COMS23A / CB 174 R

2012

130 – 135

7.3

Resistant to blast, brown spot and moderately resistant to GLH, WBPH, Sheath rot , sheath blight  and RTD., Good cooking quality with Intermediate amylose content, gelatinization temperature and soft gel consistency, Suitable for late samba / thaladi season in Tamil Nadu

 

Rice CO 51

-

 

2013

105 –

110

6.6

Moderately resistant to Blast, BPH and GLH, White Medium slender rice with high milling and head rice recovery, Intermediate amylose content, gelatinization temperature and soft gel consistency, Suitable for Sornavari / Kar / Kuruvai / Navarai season and all early duration rice cultivating tracts of Tamil Nadu.  

 

Rice TPS 5

-

ASD 16/ADT 37

2014

118

11.5

Throughout Tamil Nadu during Kar  and Late Pishanam season  except Ramanathapuram,
Sivagangai and Nilgris  District

Rice MDU 6

 

MDU 5 / ACM 96136

2014

110-115

6.1

Highly Suitable for Raw rice,  Aval (flaked rice) and Pori (Popped ice) makingIntermediate amylose content, gelatinization temperature nd soft gel onsistency

CR 1009 Sub1

 

CR1009 / FR 13 A

2015

155

5.7

High yielding semi dwarf rice variety with tolerance to submergence. Moderately resistant to Brown spot, Blast, BPH and  WBPH

Suitable for samba season and long duration rice cultivating tracts of Tamil Nadu

 

Rice TKM 13

 

WGL 32100 / Swarna

2015

130

5.9

Moderately resistant to leaf folder, stem borer, blast, GLH, RTD, brown spot and sheath rot. Superior cooking qualities with acceptable organoleptic characters.