VOL II - PART II
Photographs of Minoan Palace of Kato Zakro, with courtyard, rooms and archives, taken by the author.
The photo (right bottom) represents the lustral bath.
THE DECIPHERMENT OF MINOAN LINEAR A - VOLUME II
Corpus of transliterated Linear A Texts, Part II: Khania - Zakros
For a long time many scholars hesitated to transliterate Minoan Linear A as long as there was no decisive evidence that the phonetic values of Linear A signs were essentially the same as those of their Linear B counterparts. The question as to whether graphic identity of Linear A and B signs does or does not reflect phonetic identity was tested with the help of computer methods by D.W. Packard, first in an unpublished doctoral thesis at Harvard, A study of the Minoan Linear A tablets, 1967, then in two articles, and finally in a monograph Minoan Linear A, Berkeley-Los Angeles-London 1974. He constructed nine fictitious decipherments redistributing the Linear B phonetic values among the Linear A signs in such a way that no sign had the same value in any of them. To avoid unwarranted variations affecting the results he re-allocated the values only to signs within the same range of frequency. In a tenth ‘decipherment’ he used the Ventris’s values of signs showing graphic identity in Linear A and B. Considering the results within Linear A the ratio of so-called confirmatory alternations is just over 2 : 1 in favour of decipherment by the Ventris’s values over the average result of the fictitious decipherments.
M. Pope, and J. Raison, ‘Linear A: Changing perspectives’ in Études minoennes I, BCILL 14 (1978), ed. Y. Duhoux, 24-25, found that Packard’s results were even better (3 : 1), if they were adjusted for context. Rightly they argued that confirmatory alternations are more significant, if the contexts are similar so that we are likely to be dealing with words and names from the same semantic sphere. Likewise, comparing Linear A with Linear B, the ratio of confirmatory alternations is just over 3 : 1 in favour of decipherment by the Ventris’s values, and what is more important: if the Linear A matches with Linear B from Knossos are separated from those from the mainland, the ratio is 5 : 1 for Knossos and 4 : 3 for the mainland. These results offered so much confidence that J. Raison and M. Pope could provide ‘Le vocabulaire du linéaire A en translitération’ in the same issue of Études minoennes I, 131-190.
All texts are provided with information about the joins that have been made, inventory numbers in the musea, certain (c.q. probable) dating based on the finding place and datable context, bibliographical information, a critical apparatus, in which the different readings of respective editors are compared. The author hopes that this publication will contribute to the quality of philological and linguistic research on Linear A. It is advisable to consult the editions with good photographs of the texts, in particular L. Godart – J.-P. Olivier, Recueil des inscriptions en linéaire A, Vol. 1-5, Études Crétoises XXI, 1-5, Paris 1976-1985.
Author: Peter G. van Soesbergen
Publisher: Peter G. van Soesbergen
Pub date: 24 Sep 2022
Edition: Second Revised edition
Number of pages: 518