Panos Y. Papalambros

Optimal Design Laboratory • University of Michigan

James B. Angell Distinguished University Professor • Donald C. Graham Professor of Engineering • Professor of Mechanical Engineering • Professor of Integrative Systems + Design, College of Engineering • Professor of Architecture and Urban Planning • Professor of Art and Design at the University of Michigan.

Director, Optimal Design (ODE) Laboratory

Contact: +1 (734) 647-8401; pyp at umich dot edu

Editor-in-Chief, Design Science Journal, Cambridge University Press

President (2017-19), The Design Society, A worldwide community

Cambridge University Press, New York, 2017 (3d ed.), 2000 (2d ed.), 1988 (1st ed.).

The Third Edition has thoroughly updated material and includes two new chapters on non-gradient methods and systems design optimization. Visit the dedicated site for instructors and students.

All artifacts surrounding us are the results of designing. Creating these artifacts involves making a great many decisions, which suggests that designing can be viewed as a decision-making process. An abstract description of the artifact using mathematical expressions of relevant natural laws, experience, and geometry is the mathematical model of the artifact. This model may contain many alternative designs, so criteria for comparing these alternatives can be introduced in the model. Within the limitations of such a model, the best, or optimum, design can be identified with the aid of mathematical methods.

Research and Education Interests

System Design Thinking: What is "design thinking" in a large design organization? What are the attributes of a system design thinker? How do design organizations coordinate their distributed decisions to meet overall mission/system goals?

Design for Sustainable Development: Following the spirit of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, the AFRICA-DESIGN@UM project explores questions such as: How can design contribute to sustainable development in the rapidly growing African countries? Who are the individuals and institutions that care about this contribution? What are research questions specific to Design Science? .... The Design Society is addressing these questions in its AFRICA-DESIGN Network Project . The UM team is focusing on some specific research and education projects, including applying system design optimization approaches to Integrated Conservation and Development Projects (ICDPs), a concept originally developed by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).

We have studied a variety of topics in design optimization and design science broadly classified below. See the submenus for relevant publications.

Application Domains in Systems and Product Design: Architectural design • Automotive systems, especially hybrid and electric powertrains • Electromagnetic systems, especially antennas • Manufacturing and design integration • Structural design

Optimal Design Theory and Algorithms: Artificial Intelligence, expert systems and nonlinear mathematical optimization • Co-design: Combined optimal design and optimal control • Distributed, multilevel, multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) • Geometric Programming • Global, parametric, mixed-discrete, and multiobjective optimization • Monotonicity Analysis and Model Boundedness • Optimal design under uncertainty • Configuration/Topology Design

Product Design and Decision Making: Emotional design quantification: Aesthetics and proportionality • Behavior modification through design • Learning algorithms and mathematical models of crowdsourcing • Perceptual attributes and sustainability • Preference elicitation, preference structures, and assessment.

Systems Design and Product Development: Analytical target cascading and analytical target setting • Decomposition and coordination strategies for large-scale systems, multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) • Design for market systems: Enterprise-wide business, marketing, engineering, public policy and economic considerations • Optimal design of product platforms, portfolios, and product lines. • Product-Service Systems • Sustainable design of products and systems:

Recent Courses Taught

Analytical Product Design (ME 455/DESCI 501) Design of artifacts is addressed from a multidisciplinary perspective that includes engineering, art, psychology, ergonomics, marketing, and economics. Using a decision-making framework, emphasis is placed on understanding basic quantitative methods employed by the different disciplines for making design decisions, building mathematical models, and accounting for interdisciplinary interactions throughout the design development process. Students work in teams to apply the methods on a design project from concept generation to prototyping and design verification. Open to seniors and graduate students. (Fall Term 2020)

Design Optimization (ME 555/MFG 555) Mathematical modeling of engineering design problems for optimization. Boundedness and monotonicity analysis of models. Differential optimization theory for unconstrained and constrained problems, and selected numerical algorithms for continuous nonlinear models. Emphasis on the interaction between proper modeling and computation. Students propose design term projects from various disciplines and apply course methodology to optimize designs. Open to graduate students and seniors by permission. Usually offered in Winter Term.

Design and Manufacturing I (ME 250) Basics of mechanical design: visual thinking, engineering drawing, and machine anatomy. Basics of manufacturing: processes, materials, and thermofluid aspects. Use of computers in various phases of design and manufacturing. Exposure to CAD systems and basic machine shop techniques. Design/manufacturing project. Three hours lecture and two hours laboratory.

Design Process Models (DESCI 502) Interaction and coordination of decisions based on multi-discipline design analyses is studied in the context of a newly developed artifact. Innovation and creativity are addressed as elements of the design process. Enterprise design decisions made on functionality and business criteria are analyzed within organizational, cultural and social models. Students propose and test novel analysis methods and design process models. Open to graduate students and seniors. Usually offered in the Winter Term.

Design Science Colloquium DESCI 790/791 Various topics in Design Science are presented and discussed by invited speakers, faculty and students in this community-building course. The goal is to increase cross-disciplinary understanding and define research topics in design science.