Housing systems, layout and design of different buildings for sheep and goat farms


LAYOUT PLANS OF SHEEP AND GOAT FARMS

 

Purpose : Optimal housing enables better care and supervision, enhanced herd efficiency and efficiency of labour, and provides maximum comfort to the animals.

 

Normally sheep and goats do not require elaborate housing facilities, but minimum provisions will definitely increase productivity, especially protection against inclement weather conditions and predation. Often, the flocks are penned in the open during fair weather and some temporary shelters are made use of in monsoon and winter. Sheep can be economically reared under ranch system. Requirements of building units are more or less the same for sheep and goats, except that additional buildings are required for goats reared for milk.

 

The shed site should be easily approachable and spacious, dry, elevated, well-drained and protected from strong winds. An East-West orientation ensures cooler environment. A “lean-to” type of shed, located against the side of an existing building, is the cheapest form of building. Loose housing is more advantageous as compared to conventional/stall-fed sheds because it is suitable for semi-arid regions and large-sized flocks, it involves less expenditure, it provides more comfort to the animals, it is less labour-intensive, and it provides freedom of movement and gives the benefit of exercise. Stilted housing is common in areas with heavy rainfall.

 

Floor space requirements :-

Sl. No.

Type of animal

Minimum floor space (m2)

1.

Ram or buck in groups

1.8

2.

Ram or buck, individual

3.2

3.

Lamb or kids in groups

0.4

4.

Weaner in groups

0.8

5.

Weaner, individual

0.9

6.

Yearling, individual

0.9

7.

Yearlings in groups

0.9

8.

Ewe or doe in groups

1.0

9.

Ewe or doe, individual

1.2

10.

Ewe with lamb

1.5

 

Types of sheds :-

 

Sl. No.

Type of shed

Size (m)

Height (m)

Maximum animals

1.

Ewe/doe shed

15 x 4

3

60

2.

Ram/buck shed

4 x 2.5

3

3

3.

Lambing/kidding shed

1.5 x 1.2

3

3

4.

Lamb/kid shed

7.5 x 4

3

75

5.

Weaner shed

7.5 x 4

3

75

6.

Yearling shed

10 x 5

3

50

7.

Sick animal shed

3 x 2

3

1

8.

Shearing shed and store room

6 x 2.5

3

 

9.

Shepherd’s room

6 x 4

3