Terminology

Japanese
English
Stances
Heisoku dachi 
formal stance, feet together, heels and toes 
Musubi dachi 
heels together, toes outward (90 degree separation) 
Yoi dachi 
ready stance, feet shoulder width apart, toes staight forward 
Zenkutsu dachi 
standard forward stance
Nekoashi dachi 
cat stance 
Shiko dachi 
horse stance  
Kokutsu dachi 
backward stance 
Sanchin dachi 
toe in stance 
Thrusting & Striking
Tsuki 
punch 
Gyaku tsuki 
reverse punch 
Oi tsuki 
lunge punch 
Mae ken tsuki 
Front hand punch
Uraken uchi 
back fist strike
Tettsui uchi 
hammer fist strike 
Ura tsuki 
close punch 
Shuto uchi 
knife hand strike
Empi 
elbow strike 
Nukite 
spear hand strike 
Morote uchi 
double fist strike 
Blocking
Jodan uke 
high area block 
Chudan uchi uke 
middle area inside block 
Chudan soto uke 
middle area outside block 
Gedan barai 
low area block 
Shuto uke 
knife hand block 
Ju ji uke 
X-block 
Mawashi uke 
roundhouse (two handed) block
Kicking
Mae geri 
front kick 
Mawashi geri 
roundhouse kick
Ushiro geri 
back kick 
Yoko geri 
side kick 
Ura mawashi geri 
reverse roundhouse kick 
Fumikomi 
stamping kick 
Kin geri 
groin kick
Hiza geri 
knee kick

Counting 

1

2

3

4

5

Kanji

Japanese

Ichi

Ni

San

Shi

Go

English Pronunciation

Itch

Knee

Sun

She

Go

Phonetic

ee-chee

nee

sahn

shee

goh

 

6

7

8

9

10

Kanji

Japanese

Roku

Shichi

Hachi

Kyuu

Jyuu

English Pronunciation

Rock

Sitch

Hatch

Kew

Jew

Phonetic

roh-koo

shee-chee

hah-chee

koo

joo

 
 
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