ens17-1-presupposition

           

Presupposition


(LSCP, CNRS)

Cogmaster, December 2017 (LC2)



Instructors:    Philippe Schlenker

                                  Directeur de Recherche, Institut Jean-Nicod, Paris;   Global Distinguished Professor, New York University
                                     Advanced Grant Leader, ERC
                                  E-mail:     philippe.schlenker@gmail.com

                                    Emmanuel Chemla

                                 Directeur de Recherche, LSCP, Paris
                                    Starting Grant Leader, ERC
                                 E-mail:     em.chemla@gmail.com   


Teaching Assistant:      Jeremy Kuhn, post-doctoral fellow,  Institut Jean-Nicod
                                                            E-mail: jeremy.d.kuhn@gmail.com

Topic

In the 1980's, the analysis of 'presupposition projection' led to the development of a new and more powerful type of semantics, called 'dynamic semantics'. In recent years, pragmatic alternatives within classical semantics were developed. We will provide an introduction to this debate, first by developing an explicit 'dynamic semantics' for presuppositions , and then by developing a pragmatic alternative to it, the 'Transparency Theory'.

Requirements

Besides active class participation:
(i) read the assigned papers;
(ii) formal exercises will be assigned.

Honor Code

To encourage learning and discussion, the use of phones, tablets or computers is strongly discouraged during class, unless it involves taking notes and referring to writings assigned for the class (in which case all other applications should be closed).


Discussing homeworks with classmates
You are allowed to discuss homework assignments with your classmates. But in case you engage in substantive discussions of solutions:  
(i) you must indicate in your write-up the names of classmates with which you discussed solutions in some depth, and  
(ii) you must write up your answers to the assignment by yourself. Under no circumstances are you to share typed-up answers to the assignments or to discuss the actual write-ups.


Slides, Problem Sets and Readings: they will be made available in this Dropbox folder.

Sessions (still tentative; to be adapted as we go)
Monday, November 27, 2017



Monday, December 4, 2017


Monday, 
December 11, 2017









Monday,
December 18, 2017


Dynamic Semantics I (Schlenker)
Readings: Schlenker 2011 'Two Theory of Local Contexts', Part I only  
Optional: Heim 1983  
Problem Set #1 in the Dropbox folder.  Due date: Wednesday, December 6th, 9pm
TA session: review lecture material + discuss Problem Set #1

Experimental approaches to presuppositions vs. implicatures  (Chemla; no TA session by Jeremy Kuhn) [Slides in the dropbox]
Readings: TBD  
 
Dynamic Semantics II. Transparency Theory I
Readings: Schlenker 2016, Section 3
Optional: : Schlenker 2008, Be Articulate 
Problem Set #2 
  
Due date: Sunday, December 17, 12 noon.
TA session: discuss Problem Set #1 + Problem Set #2

Note: On Wednesday, December 13, 11:30am-1pm, Cornelia Ebert will give a talk on co-speech gestures. Their contributions have been analyzed in presuppositional terms by some researchers, hence this talk might be of interest to some students (the author has an alternative analysis of co-speech gestures).

Transparency Theory II
Readings: Schlenker 2016, Section 3
Optional: : Schlenker 2008, Be Articulate; Chemla and Schlenker 2012
Problem Set #3 
  
Due date: 
Sunday, January 7, 12 noon.
TA session: discuss Problem Set #2 + Problem Set #3