ATTENTION ALL KNOWN E1A1-M44 AFRICAN-AMERICAN OR AFRICAN MEN: WE WILL PAY FOR A DEFINING M4507 SNP TEST. PLEASE CONTACT US. SEE THE NEW SUBCLADES BELOW.
5/16/2015 Revised ISOGG Tree
ISOGG is now reporting the most recent subclades for E1a1 based on our member testing. Please go to the ISOGG site and scroll down for the most current version.
Blue indicates items with tentative tree positions.
• • •E1a1 M44 (21752644 G->C) 18.9 KY
• • • •E1a1a Z36090 (15913197 G->C)
• • • • •E1a1a1 Z17697 (7590044 T->C) 3.0 KY
• • • • • •E1a1a1a Z17696 (6955886 G->A Ashkenazi Jews
• • • • •E1a1a2 Z36092 (2806891 T->C) Lebanese Druze 3.0 KY
• • • •E1a1b Z17467 (18675604 C->T) 5.0 KY
• • • • •E1a1b1 Z20650 (2796559 G->A) English
• • • • •E1a1b2 M4507 (8503110 C->T) Mandinkas
• • • • •E1a1b3 Z31502 (2803477 A->C) English
• • • •E1a1c Z31497 (8204437 T->C), Germans 5.0 KY
5/1/2015 Terminal SNP Basics and Implications
2/1/2015 E1a1 Phylogenetic Time tree based on STR Analysis
1/14/20115 A review of what to expect from a Big Y test at FTDNA written by Ray Banks of ISOGG
This site will present conjectures and theories of more recent origins of the ancestors of Y-DNA E1a1 haplogroup men (a subclade of E) who immigrated to America and other countries in relatively recent times, not necessarily from anthropological times. These theories are offered by highly interested persons using very scarce data due to the current lack of significant evidence in the scientific arena. Some ideas may be subjective and debatable and are offered here for your consideration. A key motivation is that many of the E1a1 tested men have oral (only) histories of immigration from areas not associated with African origins.
6/4/2014: For E1a1 related papers, numerical data, and insightful comments by Robert Hall of our project, visit the site http://exploringe1a1.wordpress.com/ Below are samples:
5/2014: Many of our members are Ashkenazi Jews. When did the Ashkenazi Jews arrive in Europe? (unsourced Yahoo answer)
Of particular interest to some E1a1 men is whether E1a1 which moved into the British Isles and Eastern Europe was comprised of slaves or ordinary working class individuals,
E1a1 developed outside Sub-Sahara, or back migrated ???
FTDNA: FTDNA’s observation on African origins and movements : found
"7.5 Niger-Congo Genesis
Stone Age The earliest history of the Niger-Congo Genesis cluster is not well understood. Though of Africa, some have suggested that it contains part of an old migration into Africa from Eurasia. Others suggest that it shows traces of modern human interbreeding with an older African branch of the Homo lineage. In the Stone Age, it was present only in the forests to the west of the Congo.
Middle Ages The medieval period brought Arab slavery, as millions were taken north. A substantial fraction of Arab ancestry is now Sub-Saharan, though rarely a preponderant component.
Modern History Slavery in the New World by Europeans created a vast Diaspora of African ancestry people. Most of these come from West Africa and the Niger and Congo basins. Thus, Niger-Congo Genesis reached the New World."
Wikipedia: "The majority of DE male lines can be categorized as being in either Haplogroup D (Y-DNA), which likely originated
in Asia, the only
place where it has been found,
or haplogroup E, which is believed to have originated in East Africa or the Near East. The remainder are said to be
in the paragroup
DE*, confirmed cases of which are extremely rare. " Source is here
ISOGG: "Y-DNA haplogroup E would appear to have arisen in Northeast Africa based on the concentration and variety of E subclades in that area today. But the fact that Haplogroup E is closely linked with Haplogroup D, which is not found in Africa, leaves open the possibility that E first arose in the Near or Middle East and was subsequently carried into Africa by a back migration.E1b1 is by far the lineage of greatest geographical distribution. It has two important sub-lineages, E1b1a and E1b1b. E1b1a is an African lineage that probably expanded from northern African to sub-Saharan and equatorial Africa with the Bantu agricultural expansion. E1b1a is the most common lineage among African Americans. E1b1b1 probably evolved either in Northeast Africa or the Near East and then expanded to the west--both north and south of the Mediterranean Sea. Eb1b1 clusters are seen today in Western Europe, Southeast Europe, the Near East, Northeast Africa and Northwest Africa." Source is here
If you have been tested at FTDNA as positive for E1a1, M44, L632, L634, please join the M44-E1a1 Project
Also if you have YDNA DYS391=9 and Dys392=12 you are likely M44/E1a1, so please join us.
Contact the webmaster dkphelps AT suddenlink.net
Video: Learn about Y-DNA Haplogroup E at the Genetic Genealogy Learning Center
Something to think about
"With the information provided by the map below, it's easy to believe that E1a1 migrated any time between 1000 and 1588 A. D., the earliest time representing the Norman takeover of the British Isles and the latter date representing the invasion of the Spanish Armada" Robert Hall
Something more to think about.
People of African origin have been part of English history since Roman times. In the last quarter of the 18th century England was home to a black population of between 10-15,000 people – mostly in major ports but also in market towns and villages across the country. Many worked as domestic servants both paid and unpaid – and it was often unclear whether they were free or not. http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/discover/people-and-places/the-slave-trade-and-abolition/sites-of-memory/black-lives-in-england/
Data from the Atlantic Slave Trade