Publications‎ > ‎

Before 1993

Books (authored, edited)

Graesser, A. C. (1981). Prose comprehension beyond the word. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Graesser, A. C., & Black, J. B. (Eds.). (1985). The psychology of questions. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C., & Bower, G. H. (Eds.). (1990). The psychology of learning and motivation: Inferences and text comprehension. New York: Academic Press.

Graesser, A. C., & Clark, L. C. (1985). Structures and procedures of implicit knowledge. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Lauer, T. W., Peacock, E., & Graesser, A. C. (Eds.). (1992). Questions and information systems. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.



Refereed Journal Publications (does not include book chapters)

Britton, B. K., Graesser, A. C., Glynn, S. M., Hamilton, T., & Penland, M. (1983). Use of cognitive capacity in reading: Effects of some content factors in text. Discourse Processes, 6, 39-58.

Cohen, A. D., & Graesser, A. C. (1980). The influence of advanced outlines on the free recall of prose. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 15(5), 348-350.

Dillon, J. T., Golding, J., & Graesser, A. C. (1988). An annotated bibliography of question asking. Questioning Exchange, 2, 81-85.

Dwyer, W. O., Graesser, A. C., Hopkinson, P. L., & Lupfer, M. B. (1990). Application of script theory to police officers’ use of deadly force. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 17, 295-301.

Golding, J. M., Graesser, A. C., & Millis, K. K. (1990). What makes a good answer to a question? testing a psychological model of question answering in the context of narrative text. Discourse Processes, 13(3), 305-325.

Graesser, A. C. (1978). How to catch a fish: The memory and representation of common procedures. Discourse Processes, 1, 72-89.

Graesser, A. C. (1978). Tests of a holistic chunking model of sentence memory through analyses of noun intrusions. Memory and Cognition, 6(5), 527-536.

Graesser, A. C. (1981). A pallid forest with abstract trees. Contemporary Psychology, 26(9), 184-185.

Graesser, A. C. (1981). Reading and writing from multiple perspectives. Contemporary Psychology, 26(4), 184-185.

Graesser, A. C. (1982). Another text on human memory. Contemporary Psychology, 27(3), 216-217.

Graesser, A. C. (1985). A computer program that comprehends stories (perhaps like people do). Contemporary Psychology, 30(6), 460-461.

Graesser, A. C. (1986). Discourse analysis in the 1980s: Integrating language structure, communicative function, and sociocultural context. Contemporary Psychology, 31(11), 849-851.

Graesser, A. C. (1987). How to convince your microcomputer to collect the data. Contemporary Psychology, 32(3), 278.

Graesser, A. C. (1988). Introduction to cognitive science perspectives on question generation. Questioning Exchange, 2, 1-2.

Graesser, A. C. (1988). The first comprehensive introductory text in cognitive science. Contemporary Psychology, 33(7), 583-585.

Graesser, A. C. (1989). The content, sequencing, and timing of skilled action. Contemporary Psychology, 34(8), 735-736.

Graesser, A. C., & Franklin, S. P. (1990). QUEST: A cognitive model of question answering. Discourse Processes, 13(3), 279-303.

Graesser, A. C., & Golding, J. (1988). Models of questioning in cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence. Questioning Exchange, 2, 315-324.

Graesser, A. C., Gordon, S. E., & Brainerd, L. E. (1992). QUEST: A model of question answering. Computers & Mathematics with Applications, 23, 733-745.

Graesser, A. C., Gordon, S. E., Forsythe, C., & Greer, J. (1991). Design of optimal person-artifact interfaces: Contributions from cognitive science. Educational Training Technology International, 28, 15-22.

Graesser, A. C., Gordon, S. E., & Sawyer, J. D. (1979). Recognition memory for typical and atypical actions in scripted activities: Tests of a script pointer + tag hypothesis. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 18(3), 319-332.

Graesser, A. C., & Haberlandt, K. F. (1986). Research on component processes in reading: Reply to danks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 115(2), 198-200.

Graesser, A. C., Hauft-Smith, K., Cohen, A. D., & Pyles, L. D. (1980). Advanced outlines, familiarity, text genre, and retention of prose. Journal of Experimental Education, 48, 209-220.

Graesser, A. C., & Hemphill, D. (1991). Question answering in the context of scientific mechanisms. Journal of Memory and Language, 30(2), 186-209.

Graesser, A. C., Higginbotham, M. W., Robertson, S. P., & Smith, W. R. (1978). A natural inquiry into the national enquirer: Self-induced versus task-induced reading comprehension. Discourse Processes, 1, 355-372.

Graesser, A. C., Hoffman, N. L., & Clark, L. F. (1980). Structural components of reading time. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 19(2), 135-151.

Graesser, A. C., Hopkinson, P., Lewis, E., & Bruflodt, H. (1984). The impact of different information sources on idea generation: Writing off the top of our heads. Written Communication, 1, 341-364.

Graesser, A. C., Hopkinson, P. L., & Schmid, C. (1987). Differences in interconcept organization between nouns and verbs. Journal of Memory and Language, 26(2), 242-253.

Graesser, A. C., Lang, K., & Horgan, D. (1988). A taxonomy for question generation. Questioning Exchange, 2, 3-16.

Graesser, A. C., Lang, K. L., & Roberts, R. M. (1991). Question answering in the context of stories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 120(3), 254-277.

Graesser, A. C., Langston, M. C., & Lang, K. L. (1992). Designing educational software around questioning. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 3, 235-241.

Graesser, A. C., Long, D., & Mio, J. S. (1989). What are the cognitive and conceptual components of humorous texts? Poetics, 18, 143-164.

Graesser, A. C., & Mandler, G. (1975). Recognition memory for the meaning and surface structure of sentences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 1(3), 238-248.

Graesser, A. C., & Mandler, G. (1978). Limited processing capacity constrains the storage of unrelated sets of words and retrieval from natural categories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 4(1), 86-100.

Graesser, A. C., Roberts, R. M., & Hackett-Renner, C. (1990). Question answering in the context of telephone surveys, business interactions, and interviews. Discourse Processes, 13(3), 327-348.

Graesser, A. C., Robertson, S. P., & Anderson, P. A. (1981). Incorporating inferences in narrative representations: A study of how and why. Cognitive Psychology, 13(1), 1-26.

Graesser, A. C., Robertson, S. P., Lovelace, E. R., & Swinehart, D. M. (1980). Answers to why-questions expose the organization of story plot and predict recall of actions. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 19(1), 110-119.

Graesser, A. C., Woll, S. B., Kowalski, D. J., & Smith, D. A. (1980). Memory for typical and atypical actions in scripted activities. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 6(5), 503-515.

Haberlandt, K. F., & Graesser, A. C. (1985). Component processes in text comprehension and some of their interactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 114(3), 357-374.

Haberlandt, K. F., & Graesser, A. C. (1989). Buffering new information during reading. Discourse Processes, 12(4), 479-494.

Haberlandt, K. F., & Graesser, A. C. (1989). Processing of new arguments at clause boundaries. Memory and Cognition, 17(2), 186-193.

Haberlandt, K. F., Graesser, A. C., & Schneider, N. J. (1989). Reading strategies of fast and slow readers. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 15(5), 815-823.

Haberlandt, K., Graesser, A. C., Schneider, N. J., & Kiely, J. (1986). The impact of end-of-clause processes and new arguments on reading times. Journal of Memory and Language, 25, 314-322.

Kreuz, R. J., & Graesser, A. C. (1991). Aspects of idiom interpretation: Comment on nayak and gibbs. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 120(1), 90-92.

Lang, K. L., Graesser, A. C., & Hemphill, D. D. (1990). The role of questioning in knowledge engineering and the interface of expert systems. Poetics, 19, 143-166.

Long, D. L., Golding, J. M., & Graesser, A. C. (1992). A test of the on-line status of goal-related inferences. Journal of Memory and Language, 31(5), 634-647.

Long, D. L., & Graesser, A. C. (1988). Wit and humor in discourse processing. Discourse Processes, 11(1), 35-60.

Magliano, J. P., & Graesser, A. C. (1991). A three-pronged method for studying inference generation in literary text. Poetics, 20(3), 193-232.

Mandler, G., & Graesser, A. C. (1976). Analyse dimensionell et le "locus" de l' organisation. In S. Erhlich and E. Tulving (Eds.), La Memoire Semantique. (A journal issue devoted to psychological research on semantic memory).

Mandler, G., Worden, P. E., & Graesser, A. C. (1974). Subjective disorganization: Search for the locus of list organization. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 13(2), 220-235.

Mio, J. S., & Graesser, A. C. (1991). Humor, language, and metaphor. Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, 6(2), 87-102.

Nakamura, G. V., & Graesser, A. C. (1985). Memory for script-typical and script-atypical actions: A reaction time study. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 23(5), 384-386.

Nakamura, G. V., Graesser, A. C., Zimmerman, J. A., & Riha, J. (1985). Script processing in a natural situation. Memory and Cognition, 13(2), 140-144.

Rabinowitz, J. C., & Graesser, A. C. (1976). Word recognition as a function of retrieval processes. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 7(1), 75-77.

Smith, D. A., & Graesser, A. C. (1981). Memory for actions in scripted activities as a function of typicality, retention interval, and retrieval task. Memory and Cognition, 9(6), 550-559.

Stanley, G., & Graesser, A. C. (1973). Constancy scaling and the brackets illusion. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 2(4), 198-200.

Woll, S. B., & Graesser, A. C. (1982). Memory discrimination for information typical or atypical of person schemata. Social Cognition, 1(4), 287-310.



Book Chapters

Graesser, A. C. (1985). Introduction and overview. In A. C. Graesser & J. B. Black (Eds.), The psychology of questions. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C. (1989). Introduction to creativity in science. In B. Gholson, W. Shadish, R. A. Neimeyer, & A. Houts (Eds.), Psychology of science: Contributions to metascience. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Graesser, A. C., & Bower, G. H. (1990). Inferences and text comprehension. In A. C. Graesser & G. H. Bower (Eds.), The psychology of learning and motivation, Vol. 25 (p. 340). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Graesser, A. C., Byrne, P. J., & Behrens, M. L. (1992). Answering questions about information in databases. In T. Lauer, E. Peacock, & A. C. Graesser (Eds.), Questions and information systems. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C., & Clark, L. F. (1985). The generation of knowledge-based inferences during narrative comprehension. In G. Rickheit & H. Strohner (Eds.), Inferences in text processing (pp. 53-94) North-Holland.

Graesser, A. C., Golding, J. M., & Long, D. L. (1991). Narrative representation and comprehension. In R. Barr, M. L. Kamil, P. Mosenthal, & P. D. Pearson (Eds.), Handbook of reading research. London: Longman.

Graesser, A. C., & Goodman, S. M. (1985). How to construct conceptual graph structures. In B. Britton & J. B. Black (Eds.), Understanding expository text. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C., & Goodman, S. M. (1985). Implicit knowledge, question answering, and the representation of expository text. In B. Britton & J. B. Black (Eds.), Understanding expository text. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C., & Gordon, S. E. (1991). Question answering and the organization of world knowledge. In W. Kessen, A. Ortony, & F. Craik (Eds.), Memories, thoughts, and emotions: Essays in honor of George Mandler. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C., Haberlandt, K. F., & Koizumi, D. (1987). How is reading time influenced by knowledge-based inferences and world knowledge? In B. Britton (Ed.), Executive control processes in reading. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C., Lang, K. L., & Elofson, C. S. (1987). Some tools for redesigning system-operator interfaces. Applications of cognitive psychology: Problem solving, education, and computing. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C., & Magliano, J. P. (1991). Context and cognition. Context and development. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C., Magliano, J. P., & Tidwell, P. (1992). World knowledge, inferences, and questions. In R. Beach, J. L. Green, M. L. Kamil, & T. Shanaham (Eds.), Multidisciplinary perspectives on literacy research. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.

Graesser, A. C., Millis, K. K., & Long, D. L. (1986). The construction of knowledge structures and inferences during text comprehension. In N. E. Sharkey (Ed.), Advances in cognitive science, Vol. 1. London: Ellis Horwood.

Graesser, A. C., Mio, J., & Millis, K. (1988). Metaphors in persuasive communication. In D. Meutsch (Ed.), Models of literary understanding. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Graesser, A. C., & Murachver, T. (1985). Symbolic procedures of question answering. In A. C. Graesser & J. B. Black (Eds.), The psychology of questions. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C., & Murray, K. (1989). An analysis of verbal protocols to explore the acquisition of a computer environment. In S. P. Robertson, W. Zachary, & J. B. Black (Eds.), Cognition, computing, and interaction. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Graesser, A. C., & Nakamura, G. V. (1982). The impact of a schema on comprehension and memory. In G. H. Bower (Ed.), Psychology of learning and motivation, Vol. 16 (pp. 59-109). New York: Academic Press.

Graesser, A. C., Person, N. K., & Huber, J. D. (1992). Mechanisms that generate questions. In T. E. Lauer, E. Peacock, & A. C. Graesser (Eds.), Questions and information systems (pp. 167-187). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Graesser, A. C., & Riha, J. R. (1984). An application of multiple regression techniques to sentence reading times. In D. Kieras & M. Just (Eds.), New methods in reading comprehension research. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C., Robertson, S. P., & Clark, L. F. (1983). A question answering method for exploring the on-line construction of prose representations. In J. Fine & R. O. Freedle (Eds.), Developmental issues in discourse. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Haberlandt, K., & Graesser, A. C. (1990). Integration and buffering of new information. In A. C. Graesser & G. H. Bower (Eds.), The psychology of learning and motivation: Inferences and text comprehension. New York: Academic Press.

Lang, K. L., Dumais, S. T., Graesser, A. C., & Kilman, D. (1992). Question asking in human-computer interfaces. In T. Lauer, E. Peacock, & A. C. Graesser (Eds.), Questions and information systems. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Lang, K., & Graesser, A. C. (1986). Using state-transition networks in the design of system-operator interfaces. In W. Karwowski (Ed.), Trends in ergonomics/human factors. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Lang, K. L., Graesser, A. C., Dumais, S. T., & Kilman, D. (1992). Question asking in human-computer interfaces. In T. Lauer, E. Peacock, & A. C. Graesser (Eds.), Questions and information systems. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum

Lauer, T., & Graesser, A. C. (1992). Introduction. In T. Lauer, E. Peacock, & A. C. Graesser (Eds.), Questions and information systems. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Long, D. L., Golding, J. M., Graesser, A. C., & Clark, L. F. (1990). Goal, event, and state inferences: An investigation of inference generation during story comprehension. In A. C. Graesser & G. H. Bower (Eds.), Psychology of learning and motivation, Vol. 25 (pp. 89-102). New York: Academic Press.

Long, D., Golding, J., Graesser, A. C., & Clark, L. F. (1990). Inference generation during story comprehension: A comparison of goals, events, and states. In A. C. Graesser & G. H. Bower (Eds.), Psychology of learning and motivation, Vol. 25. New York: Academic Press.

Long, D. L., Graesser, A. C., & Long, C. (1988). Four computational models for investigating neuropsychological decision-making. In M. A. Williams & C. Long (Eds.), Cognitive approaches to neuropsychology. New York: Plenum.

Millis, K. K., Morgan, D., & Graesser, A. C. (1990). The influence of knowledge-based inferences on reading time for expository text. In A. C. Graesser & G. H. Bower (Eds.), The psychology of learning and motivation: Inferences and text comprehension. New York: Academic Press.

Murachver, T., Murray, K., & Graesser, A. C. (1985). Answering some questions about a model of question answering. In A. C. Graesser & J. B. Black (Eds.), The psychology of questions. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.



Refereed Conference Publications and Abstracts

Black, J. B., & Graesser A. C. (1984). How do psychologists think anyhow? Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 47-50). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Golding, J., & Graesser, A. C. (1987). Answering why-questions: Tests of a psychological model of question answering. Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 945-949). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C. (1981). A question answering method of exploring prose comprehension: An overview. Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 168-169). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C. (1990). Symposium on coherence. Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1052-1059). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C., Hemphill, D. H., & Brainerd, L. E. (1989). Question answering in the context of causal mechanisms. Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 621-626). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C., Koizumi, D., Vamos, G., & Elofson, C. S. (1985). A model of question answering. Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 288-292). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C., & Lang, K. (1985). Collecting informative data for modifying a system-operator interface in a communication control system. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (pp. 366-370). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Graesser, A. C., Langston, M. C., & Lang, K. L. (1991). Designing educational software around questioning. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Learning Sciences (pp. 204-210). Charlottsville, VA: Association of the Advancement of Computing Education.

Graesser, A. C., McMahen, C. L., & Johnson, B. K. (1991). Tests of some mechanisms that trigger questions. Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual Cognitive Science Society Society (pp. 13-18). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Lang, K. L., Graesser, A. C., & Langston, M. C. (1991). Question asking in electronic documentation. Proceedings of the Electronic Document Delivery Conference (pp. 201-214). East Brunswick, NJ: Belcore Documentation,

Long, D. L., & Graesser, A. C. (1991). Differences between oral and literary discourse: The effect of pragmatic information on recognition memory. Preceedings of the Second IGEL-Conference (pp. 105-109). Amsterdam: Rodopi.


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