Last update: 07 Mar 2014'In all of us there is a hunger, marrow-deep, to know our heritage, to know who we are and where we came from.'
WELCOME TO THE FRAME / FREAME / FREMAULT DNA PROJECT!
Most pages can be accessed via the tabs in the top menu bar. In addition to this website, our Project has another site hosted by our testing company, Family Tree DNA (FTDNA). See HERE Our main goal is to determine, by Y-DNA testing, which families with eligible surnames are related to one another. Along the way we will add to this website any historical data that we believe might be of interest. Males may join the Frame / Freame / Fremault DNA Project by ordering a Y-DNA test (it is less expensive when ordered through our Project). Test kits (a simple cheek swab) are available HERE. Females with eligible surnames will need a brother, father, cousin, uncle etc. to proovide the DNA sample for their line. We recommend starting with the Y-DNA67 test (additional information below). Please email any questions to the Admin.
ABOUT THE PROJECT
This not-for-profit worldwide surname DNA project aims to connect families with their nearest kin by utilising Y-DNA testing - direct male line testing. The Y-chromosome is passed from father
to son down through the generations virtually unchanged except for an
occasional mutation. These mutations can help identify different
branches on a family tree. The privacy of participants is protected and the
project administrators do not handle the DNA of participants at any
time; samples are forwarded by participants directly back to Family Tree DNA, our chosen testing company. All test fees are payable only and directly to Family Tree DNA. The FRAME / FREAME / FREMAULT PROJECT administrators are unpaid volunteers
advancing FRAME, FREAME, FREMAULT etc. family research. The Project was established at Family Tree DNA in 2006 and is focused on families with surname variants that, according to Förstemann, were derived from the framea - a spear carried by Germanic tribes (see Surname Origins page). Connections are made by grouping together those who match other participants in the Project. The more males of these surnames who test, the more likely it is that matches will be found that reveal previously unknown cousins. Kinship is identified even if a paper trail is missing. Thus far, many matches have been found for participants in different parts of the world. The country pages with tabs
in the top menu bar are to show where surname variants were found in the early years up to about 1700-1800. We list what we know of any particular individuals or families in appropriate sections in the hope that it may help with paper trail research. Contributions to these pages from interested parties are always welcome. Please contact the Admin.
‘Tacitus tells us that the Germans were
generally armed with a short spear, adapted either for close or distant
fighting, and which was called in their language framea. From this word,
apparently allied to the Modern German pfriem, Förstemann derives the
following ancient names, which are mostly Frankish.’ [Robert
Ferguson, THE TEUTONIC NAME-SYSTEM
APPLIED TO THE FAMILY NAMES OF FRANCE, ENGLAND, & GERMANY (1864)]
FRÉMY, FREMEAUX, FROMMÉ, FORME. (See ELIGIBLE SURNAMES below.)
We have proven that one Fraim family is genetically related to
the wider Frame family, and also that some Frame families from England, Scotland, Wales the USA, Canada, New Zealand and Australia are also related - but this is only the beginning! We also wish to
compare the Y-DNA of Frame,
Freame, Fram, Frahm, Fremault, Fremaux etc families of British heritage
with those of similar surnames stemming on the Continent and elsewhere.
Records show that French, Dutch, German,
Danish, Polish, Russian,
Latvian and Lithuanian families are among those sharing our surnames; likewise, the name is found in South Africa. Why not help identify which
families share a common ancestry, and which are from different gene
pools? DNA testing for genealogy purposes is now much more affordable, and there
is a very good chance you will discover some previously unknown cousins!
MALES WITH THE FRAME, FREAME, FREMAULT, FREMAUX OR ANY VARIATION OF THESE SURNAMES
FROM ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD ARE WELCOME TO JOIN THIS SURNAME PROJECT!
It's so easy; simply click Here . We recommend starting with the Y-DNA 67-marker test.
If finances allow, the 111-marker will be more useful over the longer term.Any questions? Please contact the Admin.
SURNAME DISTRIBUTION IN BRITAIN BY 1700
CONFIRMING GENETIC LINKS BETWEEN VARIANT SURNAMES
From time to time, we have limited sponsorship
available for candidates we feel may help expand our knowledge base. Preference for free tests will be given to
canidates surnamed Fremault / Fremoult / Fremaux / Freame / Freme /
Froome etc., since these are surnames are not currently participating in the
Project. If you believe you mau be a suitable candidate for sponsorship, please Contact the Admin with your details. Many surname variations found in Britain, Germany, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa etc were also found in:
FLANDERS, BELGIUM –particularly Liège, Namur (Wallonia), Tournai (Hainaut),
Hévillers, Brabant, Antwerp: Defreme, Freimaux, Frémaux, Fremaux, Fremeaux,
Frahm, Frama, Framis, Fremau, Fremas, Fremi, Fremie, Frems, Friem, Fromes,
Froom, Froome etc.
With the exception of Frame and Fraim, WE DO NOT KNOW YET how many other families bearing these different surnames are genetically related to one another. Your DNA may help shed light on this question. While the Continent is still 'the great unknown' to us in the search for genetic cousins, DNA results are showing a great deal of relatedness in the direct
male line among many testers surnamed 'Frame' with British ancestry.
However, the most
recent common ancestors that some participants share range from the very
recent to the quite ancient past (Groups A and B). We also have
several men who are not related to either groups A or B in the direct male
line, although one is known to carry the Frame surname from his
maternal line. We encourage candidates with the Freame, Freme, Fremy,
Framaux and other variant surnames to join the Project and help
determine which families are related. See Deep Ancestry - Following Genetic Footprints (haplogroup maps included), Surname Origins and Y-DNA RESULTS
FRANCE – especially Nord-Pas-de-Calais, French Flanders: Fremault , Fremaux ;
also De Freme, Freme, Fremy etc
NETHERLANDS - especially
Amsterdam: De Fram, De Freme, Fremaux, Fremeaux, Fram,
Frame, Framey, Framz, Freem, Freeme, Frem, Fremau, Fremme, Fremou, Freummau,
Friems, Froem, Fromie, Froom, Froome, Fruhm, Frummau etc.
do this via our private Mailing List set up especially for Project
participants, their researcher/sponsor and the administrators to discuss DNA test results and genealogy.
- We also aim to help participants from related families work together to find their shared heritage and help
validate or eliminate suspect lines in genealogies
DNA testing is not a magic 'fix' to resolve all genelogical brick walls. However, it is a very useful tool and will identify the testers, whatever their surnames, who are our nearest genetic cousins. New discoveries are made frequently. The early Scottish Fram and Frame families, the English Frame, Freame, Freme, Fremault and Fremaux, and the families Fremault, Fremaux etc. from northern France / Flanders share many similarities, especially involvement in the textile industry and other artisan crafts, and all have tales of religious persecution. There is a strong possibility that some will be genetically related. Do you have one of our Project's eligible surnames (see below), or a sound-alike? If so, we encourage you to join the Project. The Frame/Freame/Fremault DNA Project is strictly Surname and Y-Chromosome based, so females will need to enlist their brother, father, paternal grandfather, cousin or uncle etc. to test as their proxy. Taking the DNA test couldn't be easier - it is a painless
cheek swab. See this video demonstration of a gentleman completing a Family Tree DNA test kit. We encourage any male of any of the eligible surnames by
direct male line descent, or who has a different surname but believes
his biological male line is one of the eligible surnames, to participate. If you have any questions or wish to enquire about sponsorship please Contact the Admin.
The names in red with an asterisk in the table below are surnames currently participating in the Project. We welcome new participants with any of the surnames below, or close variants, to join us. To do so, please order a Y-DNA test kit HERE. We recomment beginning with the Y-DNA67 test.
RE: FROME, FROOM, FROOME
surnames Frome, Froom/s and Froome/s are found in England where they are
said to derive from the Ancient British word 'ffraw' meaning 'fair
through the later 'ffram' meaning 'sparkle', so that in effect the
meaning is 'sparkling river'. There are a number of rivers named Frome in
England as well as several places named Frome and Froome, and any or
all might be responsible for the origin of a family name (See more at Surname Database
However, these names are also found on the Continent - Fromes, Fromy, Froom and Froomes, for instance are found found in Walloon Flanders (Belgium); and Fromi, Fromie, Fromeau, Fromes, Froom, Froome etc in Amsterdam (Netherlands) where it may have had a different surname origin. Thus, any male with an 'o', 'u','oo', 'ou' and 'eu' surname variant is welcome to join the Project including phonetically similar surnames such as Pfraum etc found in Germany. All possibilities are not listed in the Eligible Surnames below so if your surname variation is not included we will be happy to add it. Please contact the Admin.
|DE FRAMÉ ||DEFREMAUX||FRAEME||FRAHM ||FRAIM* ||FRAIME ||FRAIMES||FRAM |
|FRAMAU||FRAME*||FRAMES ||FRAMME||FRAMS||FRAYM||FREAM ||FREAME |
|FREAMES||FREEHAM||FREEM ||FREEMA||FREEME||FREM ||FREMA ||FREMAU|
|FRYAM||FRYME||VREEM|| || |
BENEFITS OF JOINING THE FRAME DNA PROJECT
Joining the Frame/Freame/Fremault DNA Project will provide:
Your Y-DNA profile (haplotype) which is close and sometimes identical to your earliest known direct paternal line ancestor.
sense of 'family' and camaraderie through our private Mailing List
where you will be able to discuss your Results and Matches. If you don't get a match,
we can discuss that as well. Patience is needed for some; others strike gold very quickly.
Stimulation to family research as we strive to find where we connect to our previously unknown cousins. See Y-DNA RESULTS
A chance to compare your known ancestry with new DNA cousins with surname variants.
| WHICH TEST ?|
the DNA Project expanded, and because of the close relationship
found between many of the participants, it became evident that the
minimum entry level should be the 67-Marker Y-DNA test unless you are
simply wishing to validate existing paper trail connections. Most men
have now tested 67-markers. The new 111-marker Y-DNA test is proving to
be even more accurate. Family Tree DNA recommends the Y-DNA111 test for
customers who already have close matches at the 67 marker level and are
looking to tighten the calculation for the time to Most Recent Common
Ancestor (tMRCA). (Please note, both test-takers must have the 111
marker test to be compared at this level.) PLEASE REMEMBER, the more
markers we test - the more chances we have of finding branch defining
mutations which allow us to group lineages together and provide better
focus for paper trail research.
Click Here to order a Y-DNA test.
to joining this DNA Project, participants need to be aware that DNA tests
may produce unexpected results - that is to say, they do not get the matches that they expect. There are a couple of reasons why this may occur:
There may be multiple points of origin for the particular surname and the tester is currently the sole representative of a different gene pool to those currently in the Project. In this case, it is a matter of waiting for others descendants of their progenitor to test.
On the other hand, no matches with one's own surname and very close matches with others of a different surname may indicate what is commonly known as a ‘Non-Paternal Event’ (NPE). An NPE basically means that a tester may have
the Frame, Freame, Fremault etc. surname but does not have a Y-chromosome match to others in the Project with the same surname. There are many reasons for NPEs and following are some
are probably many other reasons and a participant may choose to
investigate further. If so, and the participant wishes to try to
determine when the NPE occurred, it is best to test different branches
of the family tree. For instance, say a participant descends from a
gg-grandfather born c.1820 - then he may be able to test a descendant of
his gg-grandfather’s brother to see if that tester also matches him.
If he doesn’t, then the tester will know the Y-DNA
interruption occurred somewhere in his own direct line and may wish to test
an uncle or 2nd / 3rd cousin etc. The idea is to
get various people from different parts of the family tree to test and
then it may become clearer when/where the NPE occurred. A participant should never feel embarrassed if NPE is discovered or suspected; it is a reasonably common situation. Our participants have always taken this news in their stride since we can never know the complete circumstances our ancestors faced. For those with a curious mind and a kind heart, an NPE provides an additional and hopefully very interesting path to explore!
adoption – either recent or many generations in the past. An orphan
may have been taken in by a Frame, Freame, Freme etc. family and raised as their own child,
or, alternatively, a Frame, Freame, Fremault etc. male child has been raised under a different
child born out of wedlock may have carried the Frame, Freame, Fremault etc. surname from his
mother but his Y-DNA will be that of his biological father – hence the
tester may be a very close match to a surname other than Frame, Freame, Fremault etc.
A male child’s mother may have been widowed, married again, and the child was given his stepfather’s surname.
– this may have been hundreds of years ago or in recent generations,
causing an interruption to the direct male line Y-DNA.
male may have adopted his wife’s surname upon marriage for some reason.
In the past, this was not unusual, especially if the wife’s name
carried more prestige.
OUR GENETIC DIVERSITY
U.S. Census records and Slave Schedules and also the Slave Registers of
former British Colonial Dependencies are some families surnamed Frame etc variously
described as Indian, Creole, Black and White. Thus, it is likely that
some of our ancestors might have been among those whose life
changed forever with the arrival of the white man in the Colonies, or
else began their life in the New World in chains. The 1860 U.S.
Census Slave Schedule also clearly shows that some families with surnames eligible for the Project were
we cannot change the past, we can explore it together to perhaps find
answers to some unresolved questions regarding blood relationship. By
DNA testing Frame, Freame, Fremault etc. males who believe their ancestors might have been slaves, we will be able to determine
whether they are related to other Frame/Freame/Fremault Project participants whose
ancestors might have once held slaves. Whatever the goal, a match or a non-match, we may eventually find the answer you seek. The more men who join the Project, the more DNA comparisons can be made.
WHAT IS YOUR STORY?
See Family Tree DNA's new video: FTDNA- discover the story of you - epic stories revealed through DNA testing.
This is a must see introduction to DNA testing:
***Click here to order a Y-DNA test now!***
DNA PROJECT Administrators request that new participants submit a
simple line of descent from earliest known direct male line ancestor (from grandparents or great-grandparents etc - as far back as is known)
down to themselves. For an example of how we utilise this information,
see the PATRIARCH page. Note that we do not publish the generations still living. After you join the Project by placing your order, please email whatever you know of your direct male line of descent to the Admin. This information is also used for analysis of test results.
***Click here to order a Y-DNA test now!***
Have you already tested your Y-DNA at Ancestry, GeneTree or Sorensen's SMGF ?
For a nominal fee, Family Tree DNA,
the Frame/Freame/Fremault DNA Project's testing company, are now allowing the upload to
the FTDNA database of 33 and 46 marker Y-DNA tests that have been
carried out at these Labs. Family Tree DNA acquired the DNA Heritage
database so those transfers were free of charge. FTDNA will be charging
the nominal fee of $19 per person to import third party results from Ancestry, GeneTree or Sorensen's SMGF. This fee will be credited to clients who order upgrades at Family Tree DNA. Please visit FTDNA Y-DNA Transfer website to arrange for your transfer to the Family Tree DNA database. For any additional questions related to Third Party transfer, please refer to the FAQ Section for help.
test discounts are offered to FRAME/FREAME/FREMAULT DNA PROJECT members by FAMILY TREE DNA ,
it does not suggest a business partnership or any other
relationship between the PROJECT, its administrators, and FAMILY TREE
DNA. All fees
are payable only and directly to FAMILY TREE DNA. This PROJECT
is a non-profit project and administrators are unpaid volunteers
advancing FRAME, FREAME, FREMAULT family research. The administrators
chose FAMILY TREE DNA to be their testing company due to FTDNA having
the largest database for comparisons; they were the pioneers of Genetic
Genealogy. This PROJECT will
not in any way have control of DNA samples, nor will it have the
responsibility for their care, handling or return to our project
participants. The FRAME / FREAME / FREMAULT DNA PROJECT does not have a
duty to act on
behalf of a project participant in mediation of any disputes arising
between a Project participant and FAMILY TREE DNA. A match between
Project participants may suggest they share a common ancestor; however,
it will not identify the specific ancestor. There is no guarantee that
every participant will match anyone in the FRAME/FREAME/FREMAULT DNA
PROJECT or any
other public database. By participating in the this PROJECT, the
participant agrees to all conditions of the Project.
© Julie Frame Falk 2013