DIET :
Our puppies are started on a homemade gruel of ground beef or chicken, liver, egg yolk, wheat bran and wheat germ. Since most families will choose to feed kibble our puppies are then  transitioned to NOW - Turkey, Duck and Salmon (grain - free) or FROMM - Salmon Tunalini (grain free) . We feed an eight week puppy about 1/4 cup (can be moistened with warm water) three times per day. We switch to twice a day at about 5 months and feed 1/3 cup at breakfast and 1/3 to 1/2 cup for supper, adjust for weight control. We give small snacks during the day (piece of fruit or veggie, cooked liver) and offer goats milk,  kefir,  yogurt or cottage cheese for added  calcium, until they are 5 months old. Good quality kibble is recommended for your Schnauzer and it's best to avoid wheat, corn and soy which are common causes of  food allergies and skin issues.  Some choices to consider are ... Horizon Pulsar  (no grain/low glycemic), Horizon Legacy, Boreal ... all made in Canada.  Fromm is a good quality kibble with a variety of no-grain flavours. The key to a healthy diet is rotation, whether it be raw, home cooked or processed.  
 
 
 Over feeding your puppy can cause loose stools, even diarrhea, not to mention a fat puppy. If your Miniature Schnauzer develops diarrhea, prepare a 50/50 mixture of boiled chicken breast and sweet potatoe OR pure pumpkin and offer small amounts, 3-4 times a day. As the stool begins to firm, increase the amount and feed 2x daily. When he is feeling better, gradually return to the regular diet. If the diarrhea continues or is nasty looking/foul smelling, see your veterinarian right away!! Blood in stool or vomit and repeated vomiting is a medical emergency - get help immediately.
 

TOYS:
De-hydrated bull penis (pizzles), chicken or turkey feet, beef tendons are all natural and great for chewing! A hard rubber ball , rope toy and soft dog friendly stuffies are fine! Closely monitor soft rubber toys that can be torn and pieces swallowed.   NO rawhide - some dogs will eat & swallow rawhides, which can cause a blockage in their  intestines ... sometimes even resulting in surgery. 

 TEETH: 
Monitor your puppy's mouth to make sure his baby teeth are falling out properly as his adult teeth come in. Sometimes, the large canines (in the four corners) need to be pulled so they won't misplace adult teeth. You should brush the adult teeth with a finger cot or soft child size tooth brush and either a homemade or store bought pet friendly toothpaste. If tartar builds up, it produces excess bacteria that can cause permanent heart and liver damage, so have your veterinarian clean your dog's teeth.  Allowing your dog to chew on large RAW bones will help to scale tartar.  NEVER give your dog a cooked bone as it can cause small brittle pieces to come off  and may cause choking or intestinal blockage. 

 GROOMING:
A Miniature Schnauzer needs to be brushed well once or twice a week to prevent matting - more often if they wear a sweater in the winter , as the armpit area mats quickly.  Gently but firmly insist the puppy hold still, perhaps on your lap, with no struggling, no chewing on your fingers or the brush. Then comb through with a double tooth metal dog comb or slicker brush to make sure all the mats are out. Bathe with an all natural shampoo, rinse well and towel dry. Brush upwards with the brush as you blow dry to make the furnishings fluffy. Your pet puppy needs to be clippered about every 2 months. Remember, the longer the coat grows, the more it tends to mat. Your Miniature Schnauzer will be much prettier and easier to care for if you keep him clean and neat.

 HOUSE TRAINING:
I found this important training tip elsewhere on the web - "A rolled up newspaper can be an effective training tool when used properly. For instance, use the rolled up newspaper if your dog chews something or has a housebreaking accident. Take the rolled up newspaper and hit YOURSELF over the head as you repeat the phrase, "I FORGOT TO WATCH MY DOG, I FORGOT TO WATCH MY DOG." If your dog laughs at you when you do this, praise him."

A medium size crate is an excellent investment for house training, preventing chewing during teething, for traveling and as your dog's bed in your home. We use a nice thick blanket or dog bed to make a comfy pad.  Far from viewing the crate as punishment, your puppy will probably use it for an occasional quiet nap,  where he feels very secure.
 

. . . . . let your puppy sleep in his crate at night and whenever you need to be away from home. Reward him with a treat as you put him in his crate, this will form an association of crating being a good thing!  Your young puppy needs to go outside every time he wakes up, right after eating and frequently while playing (every 30 minutes or as soon as his attention wanders, his eyes glaze as he heads for the corner - it's time to go outside!)
 
Take your pup to the same location outdoors, stay with him to make sure he goes and reward with lots of praise and a small treat!! Unless you catch him goofing, he won't understand punishment - rubbing his nose in anything is barbaric, messy and solves nothing!!!! Clean any mistakes with white vinegar/water solution or an enzyme deodorizer, so the spot doesn't 'smell good' and encourage a repeat. An accident usually means the puppy was given too much freedom before he was ready. We all tend to get busy and time gets away on us ... the timer on your stove or microwave can be a great tool for a reminder of frequent potty breaks!